- Royal Standard of Scotland
The Royal Standard of Scotland, also known as the Royal Standard of the King of Scots or more commonly the Lion Rampant was the flag used historically by the King of Scots. The banner of the ancient Royal Coat of Arms of the
Kingdom of Scotland, it is the Scottish Royal banner. [ [http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/237.html The "Lion Rampant" Flag] The Court of the Lord Lyon. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.] The Lionis commonly thought to have been adopted in the early 12th century by William I (known as "William the Lion"), but there is no evidence of its use as "the Arms of Dominion of Scotland" before 1222, when it appeared in the seal of his son, Alexander II. An earlier recorded Scottish Royal standard featured a dragon, which is known to have been used at the Battle of the Standardin 1138 by David I.It has also been suggested that The Royal Arms of Scotland were first devised by King Malcolm III Canmore in 1061.
The flag is a red lion rampant with blue tongue and claws within a red double border on a yellow background. The scheme is formally defined in heraldry as: "Or, a
lion rampant Gulesarmed and langued Azurewithin a double tressure flory counter-flory of the second", meaning: A gold (Or) background, whose principle symbol is a red (Gules) upright lion (lion rampant) with blue (Azure) claws and teeth (armed and langued), surrounded by a two lined (tressure) decorated with of floral symbols (flory counter-flory) of the second colour specified in the blazon (Gules).
Union of the Crownsin 1603, the flag was incorporated into the Royal Standard of successive British Monarchs, appearing in both the first and fourth quadrants of versions used in Scotland while only appearing in the second quadrant on versions used elsewhere.
Today the flag is used officially at the Scottish Royal residencies of
Holyrood Palaceand Balmoral Castlewhen the Queen is not in residence. The flag may also be used by representatives of the Crown, including the First Minister, Lord Lieutenants in their Lieutenancies, the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and the Lord Lyon King of Arms. The Lion Rampant element was also incorporated on the capbadge of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. [ [http://www.britishflags.net/royalscotland.html britishflags.net- The Royal Standard of Scotland] ] As the personal banner of the monarch, its use is restricted under the Act of the Parliament of Scotland1672 cap. 47 and 30 & 31 Vict. cap. 17. [ [http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/237.html Lyon Court- "The Lion Rampant"] ] . In 1978 a St Albanslinen merchant, Denis Pamphilon, was fined £100 daily for usurpation of the standard on decorative bedspreads until he desisted, and both Rangers F.C.and the Scottish National Partyhave been admonished by the Lyon for its improper use. [Groom, Nick (2006). "The Union Jack: the Story of the British Flag", Atlantic Books, p.294. ISBN 1843543362.]
A variation of the Royal Standard of Scotland is used by the
heir apparentto the King of Scots, the Duke of Rothesay, whose personal Standard is the Royal Standard of Scotland defaced with an Azurecoloured label of three points. [ [http://flickr.com/photos/beery_pix/2689133146/ image] ] (The banner of the Duke of Rothesay also features the same, displayed upon an inner shield).
Today however, the flag is also sometimes used unofficially as a second national
flag of Scotland(particularly at sporting events). The red lion rampant on a yellow shield also features on the badges of both the Scottish Football Associationand the Scotland national football team.
Flag of Scotland
List of Scottish flags
* Royal Standard
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal bank of scotland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir RBS. Logo de Royal Bank of Scotland … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Bank of Scotland — This article is about the retail bank. For its holding company, see Royal Bank of Scotland Group. Not to be confused with Bank of Scotland. The Royal Bank of Scotland plc Banca Rìoghail na h Alba Type Public … Wikipedia
Royal bank of Scotland — (Королевский банк Шотландии, RBS) История образования Royal bank of Scotland, банкноты Royal bank of Scotland Крупнейший коммерческий банк Шотландии, Royal bank of Scotland в России, бренды RBS группы Содержание Содержание Раздел 1. Общие о .… … Энциклопедия инвестора
Royal Bank of Scotland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir RBS. Logo de Royal Bank of Scotland C … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Standard (United Kingdom) — For other monarchs standards, see Royal Standard. The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom is the flag used by Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Different standards are used in the Queen s other Commonwealth… … Wikipedia
Royal Standard — Several countries use the term Royal Standard to describe the flag used by the monarch and members of the royal family. *Queen s Personal Australian Flag, also known as the Royal Standard of Australia *Royal Standard of Bahrain *Queen s Personal… … Wikipedia
Royal Bank of Scotland Group — Royal Bank of Scotland Pour les articles homonymes, voir RBS. Logo de Royal Bank of Scotland … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Standard — Le Royal Standard est le drapeau officiel de la reine Élisabeth II en tant que souveraine du Royaume Uni et d’autres domaines du Commonwealth, dont certains possèdent leur pr … Wikipédia en Français
Royal Bank of Scotland Group — Infobox Company company name = The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Public Limited Company company company type = Public (lse|RBS) foundation = 1727 location= Edinburgh, Scotland, UK key people = Sir Tom McKillop, Chairman Sir Fred A. Goodwin, CEO… … Wikipedia
royal standard — noun : an emblem of royal authority that is usually a flag or square banner smaller than the national flag; specifically : a flag bearing the arms of England quartered with those of Scotland and Ireland used as a naval flag of command or as… … Useful english dictionary