- Cleator Moor
St Mary's Catholic Church
Cleator Moor shown within Cumbria
Population 6,939 (2001) OS grid reference Parish Cleator Moor District Copeland Shire county Cumbria Region North West Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town CLEATOR MOOR Postcode district CA25 Dialling code 01946 Police Cumbria Fire Cumbria Ambulance North West EU Parliament North West England UK Parliament Copeland List of places: UK • England • Cumbria
The town's skyline is dominated by Dent Fell and the town is located on the 190 miles (310 km) Coast to Coast Walk that spans the North of England. On the outskirts of the town of Cleator Moor lies the village of Cleator with which the town is closely associated; though Cleator has a separate post code (CA23).
Historically located within Cumberland, the town was based around the iron works industry and was served in this capacity by the Cleator & Workington junction railway. The town had several iron ore mines. Some parts of the town have been demolished due to undermining in the area, most notably the original Montreal Primary School and the whole of Montreal Street on which it stood.
The influx of Irish workers gave the town the nickname Little Ireland. World War I and World War II saw a fresh influx of immigrants from mainland Europe join the settled Irish community. This has since caused occasional conflict between Catholic and Protestant residents of the town.
In 1938, Jakob Spreiregen founded the company Kangol in Cleator, situated across the road from St Mary's Church. The original factory building still stands but Kangol is now empty, after the company ended its association with the town in 2009.
With the decline of traditional industries and the resulting high rate of unemployment, the town's economy is now dependent on the nearby Sellafield complex, which provides jobs to around half the town's people.
Cleator Moor formerly had two railway stations: Cleator Moor East on the Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway, and Cleator Moor West on the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway; but both stations closed in 1931.
Sectarian troubles (19th century)
Following the Irish Potato Famine in the 1840s and the rise of the Orange Order, Cleator Moor found itself for a short period at the centre of sectarian troubles. In April 1871 several hundred Cleator Moor miners entered neighbouring Whitehaven and attacked "Anti-Popery" campaigner William Murphy, pushing him down the stairs of the Oddfellows Hall. The following year Murphy died, possibly as a result of his injuries. On 12 July 1884 the combined Orange Lodges of Cumberland, marched through the town of Cleator Moor to commemorate the Battle of the Boyne, leading to riots and the death of local postal messenger Henry Tumelty, a 17-year-old Catholic, with others listed as having received injuries from bullets, cutlasses and pikes. Local Catholics later took revenge on members of the Orange Order living in the town.
The E. W. Pugin designed Catholic church of St Mary's was consecrated in 1872, replacing the earlier mission church built in 1853. The grounds are home to a meditative walk on the Stations of the Cross and Our Lady's Grotto, a replica of the Grotto at Lourdes, France.
The town's secondary school, Ehenside School, closed in August 2008 after being open for 50 years, along with Wyndham School, in order to make way for the West Lakes Academy, which is initially using the Wyndham School buildings until a new academy building is constructed.
Local amateur rugby league team Wath Brow Hornets won the GMB Union National cup in 2004 and 2005. Local association football team Cleator Moor Celtic F.C. won the County Cup in 1999: the team has supplied players to Sheffield Wednesday FC, Blackpool FC, Ipswich Town FC and Carlisle United FC. England and former Liverpool FC goalkeeper Scott Carson, who currently plays for West Brom, was once a member of the team.
- Joan Rodgers, international soprano, was born and raised in Cleator Moor.
- Artist L. S. Lowry regularly visited Cleator Moor and Cleator during the 1950s and painted local scenes.
- Andrew Belton the military adventurer, was born in Cleator Moor in 1882.
- David Gaffney, author of Never Never
- Scott Carson goalkeeper for West Bromwich Albion and played for local team Cleator Moor Celtic.
- ^ http://www.stagecoachbus.com/timetables/Service22from31August2008.pdf
- ^ Brief Biography of Andrew Belton by local historian Tom Duffy
- Cleator Moor visitor Information
- Cleator visitor Information
- History of Cleator Moor
- St Mary's Church
- Guide to Coast to Coast Route
- Wath Brow Hornets
- Irish Diaspora in the UK
- The Irish in Victorian Cumbria
- Account of Orange riot of 1884
- Court charges following Orange riot of 1884
- Kangol website
- Cleator Moor Celtic Amateur Football Club
- Profile of Scott Carson
Ceremonial county of Cumbria Cumbria Portal Boroughs or districts Major settlementsAlston • Ambleside • Appleby-in-Westmorland • Aspatria • Barrow-in-Furness • Bowness-on-Windermere • Brampton • Broughton-in-Furness • Carlisle • Cleator Moor • Cockermouth • Dalton-in-Furness • Egremont • Grange-over-Sands • Harrington • Kendal • Keswick • Kirkby Lonsdale • Kirkby Stephen • Longtown • Maryport • Millom • Penrith • Sedbergh • Silloth • Ulverston • Whitehaven • Wigton • Windermere • Workington
See also: List of civil parishes in Cumbria
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cleator Moor — (spr. klīter mūr), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Cumberland, 6 km südwestlich von Whitehaven (s.d.), mit Kohlengruben und (1901) 8121 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Cleator Moor — (spr. kliht r muhr), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Cumberland, (1901) 8121 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Cleator Moor — 54.181271 3.507603 Koordinaten: 54° 11′ N, 3° 30′ W Cleator Moor ist ein Ort und Civil parish mit 6939 Einwohnern (2001) in Cumbria im Nordwesten Englands. In Cleator Moor gab es mehrere Minen, die Eisenerz förderten. Der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cleator Moor — Original name in latin Cleator Moor Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.52143 latitude 3.5159 altitude 92 Population 6507 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Cleator Moor Celtic F.C. — Cleator Moor Celtic Full name Cleator Moor Celtic Founded 1908–1909 Ground Birks Road Ground Cleator Moor England … Wikipedia
Cleator and Workington Junction Railway — Cleator Workington Junction Railway Overview Type Rural Line System National Rail Network Status Closed Locale Cumbria … Wikipedia
Cleator — See also: Cleator, Arizona Cleator is a village in the English county of Cumbria and within the boundaries of the traditional county of Cumberland. Cleator is 1½ miles south of the town of Cleator Moor on the A5086 road. Cleator was the original… … Wikipedia
Cleator and Workington Junction Railway — Die Cleator and Workington Junction Railway wurde 1876 durch einen Beschluss des britischen Parlaments gegründet und nahm 1879 ihren Betrieb auf. Die Bahngesellschaft betrieb eine Bahnstrecke zwischen Cleator Moor und Workington in Cumbria. Die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Moor Row — is a village situated in North West England. It is in Cumbria and is located on a minor road off the A595 road south of Whitehaven. Moor Row is a residential community situated between Whitehaven and Egremont on Cumbria s coastal plain. The… … Wikipedia
Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway — The Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway was a standard gauge railway in Cumberland, England. It opened for goods traffic in 1855 and for passenger traffic in 1857.RouteWhitehaven (Corkickle) Moor Row (junction)Northern sectionMoor Row… … Wikipedia