Vesicovaginal fistula


Vesicovaginal fistula

Infobox_Disease
Name = PAGENAME


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 13837
ICD10 = ICD10|N|82|0|n|80
ICD9 = ICD9|619.0
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj = med
eMedicineTopic = 3321
MeshID = D014719

Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a subtype of female urogenital fistula (UGF).

Presentation

VVF is an abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault.

In addition to the medical sequelae from these fistulas, they often have a profound effect on the patient's emotional well-being.

Causes

It is often caused by childbirth (in which case it is known as an obstetric fistula), when a prolonged labor presses the unborn child tightly against the pelvis, cutting off blood flow to the vesicovaginal wall. The affected tissue may necrotize, leaving a hole.

Vaginal fistulas can also result from violent rape. This injury has become common in some war zones, where rape is used as a weapon against civilian populations. As a result, some health centers in countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo have begun to specialize in the surgical repair of vaginal fistulas.

It can also be associated with hysterectomy.cite journal |author=Kochakarn W, Pummangura W |title=A new dimension in vesicovaginal fistula management: an 8-year experience at Ramathibodi hospital |journal=Asian J Surg |volume=30 |issue=4 |pages=267–71 |year=2007 |month=October |pmid=17962130 |doi= |url=http://ajws.elsevier.com/ajws_pubmed/pubmed_switch.asp?journal_issn=1015-9584&art_pub_year=2007&%20art_pub_month=10&art_pub_vol=30&art_sp=267]

ee also

*Fistula
*Obstetric fistula
*Rectovaginal fistula
*Colposcopy
*Urinary incontinence
*Double dye test

References

External links

* [http://www.fightfistula.org One By One] - a nonprofit organization working to eliminate obstetric fistula.
* [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk FORWARD] - a charity that works to eliminate [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/key-issues/fistula VVF/fistula ] and gender-based discriminatory practices such as [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/key-issues/fgm FGM] and [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/key-issues/child-marriage child marriage] which can cause VVF
* [http://www.fistulafoundation.org Fistula Foundation] - supporting the work of the Hamlin Fistula Hospitals in Ethiopia.
* [http://www.hmc.psu.edu/healthinfo/uz/vesicovaginalfistula.htm PSU]
* [http://www.womenshealthsection.com/content/urog/urogvvf002.php3 Women's Health and Education Center]
* [http://www.urotoday.com/browse_categories/urologic_trauma_and_reconstruction/fistula.html Urinary Fistula]


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  • vesicovaginal — Relating to the bladder and vagina. * * * ves·i·co·vag·i·nal .ves i kō vaj ən əl adj of, relating to, or connecting the urinary bladder and vagina <a vesicovaginal fistula> * * * ves·i·co·vag·i·nal (ves″ĭ ko vajґĭ nəl)… …   Medical dictionary

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