- Temple (anatomy)
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = tempora
Caption = The temple is the side of the head behind the
Caption2 = Human skull. Temporal bone is orange, and the temple overlies the temporal bone.
superficial temporal artery
superficial temporal vein
DorlandsPre = t_04
DorlandsSuf = 12793657
Temple indicates the side of the head behind the
eyes. The bone beneath is the temporal bone.
Cladists classify land vertebrates based on the presence of an upper hole, a lower hole, both, or neither in the cover of dermal bonewhich formerly covered the temporalis muscle. Those with no holes are called anapsida. The muscle whose origin is the temple and whose insertion is the jawis the temporalis muscle. The brain has a lobe, called the temporal lobe.
This use of temple is a separate etymology than the word "temple" for "place of worship". Both come from
Latin, but the word for the place of worship comes from "templum", whereas the word for the part of the head comes from Vulgar Latin*"tempula", modified from "tempora", plural form ("both temples") of "tempus", a word that meant both "time" and the part of the head. Due to the common source with the word for time, the adjective for both is "temporal" (both "pertaining to time" and "pertaining to the temple").
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