Ghiyas ud din Balban


Ghiyas ud din Balban

Ghiyas ud din Balban (1200 – 1286) ( _ur. غیاث الدین بلبن) was a of the Delhi Sultanate during the Mamluk dynasty (or Slave dynasty) from 1266 to 1286. He was a slave of Iltutmish, who at the orders of his own master, Qutbuddin Aibak, released him from slavery and brought him up in a manner befitting a prince. He was liberally educated. He became the head of the 'Chalissa' a group of Turkish nobles of the state. After the overthrow of Razia Sultana he made rapid strides in the subsequent reigns. He was initially the Prime Minister from 1246 to 1266, but Balban declared himself the Sultan of Delhi after the previous sultan Nasir ud din Mahmud's death. Though he was the father in law of the late Sultan.

During his reign, Balban ruled with an iron fist. He broke up the Chihalgani, a group of the forty most important nobles in the court. He tried to establish peace and order in the country of India. He built many outposts in areas where there was crime and garrisoned them with soldiers. Balban wanted to make sure everyone was loyal to the crown by establishing an efficient espionage system.

He ruled as the Sultan from 1266 until his death. His successors were weak and incompetent and the throne was eventually captured by Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji in 1290, bringing an end to the Slave dynasty.

ee also

*History of India
*Mamluk dynasty of Delhi

References

* [http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P048 Ghiyas ud din Balban's biography at storyofpakistan.com]
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/


]

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  • Ghiyâs ud-Dîn Balbân — Balbân Ghiyâs ud Dîn Balbân (1200 – 1287) (en ourdou غیاث الدین بلبن), sultan de Delhi de la dynastie des esclaves de 1266 à sa mort en 1287. Biographie Esclave turc de la tribu des Ilbarî, il est vendu à Îltutmish et fait partie du corps des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Balban, Ghiyas al-Din — (? 1286)    One of the slaves of Sultan Il tutmish (1211 1236) who ascended the throne in 1266, Balban belonged to the Central Asian Turkish tribe of Ilbaris. The son of a chief commanding 10,000 families, Balban was captured in his early youth… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Kushlu Khan, 'Izz al-Din Balban —    A slave noble who played an important role in the factional fights that continued during the reigns of Iltutmish s successors down to 1255. To distinguish him from Baha al Din Balban (later Sultan Ghiyas al Din Balban), he was often re ferred… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Balban — Balbân Ghiyâs ud Dîn Balbân (1200 – 1287) (en ourdou غیاث الدین بلبن), sultan de Delhi de la dynastie des esclaves de 1266 à sa mort en 1287. Biographie Esclave turc de la tribu des Ilbarî, il est vendu à Îltutmish et fait partie du corps des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Balbân — Ghiyâs ud Dîn Balbân (1200 – 1287) (en ourdou غیاث الدین بلبن), sultan de Delhi de la dynastie des esclaves de 1266 à sa mort en 1287. Biographie Esclave turc de la tribu des Ilbarî, il est vendu à Îltutmish et fait partie du corps des quarante… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghiyas — is a given name, and may refer to:* Ghiyas ud din Balban (1200 1286), ruler of the Delhi Sultanate * Mirza Ghiyas Beg (17th century), important Mughal officialee also* Ghiyās * Ghiyas ud Din …   Wikipedia

  • Muiz ud din Qaiqabad — Coin of Muiz ud din Qaiqabad Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (reigned 1286–1290) was the tenth sultan the Mamluk dynasty (Slave dynasty). He was the son of Bughra Khan as well as grandson of Ghiyas ud din Balban (1266–1286). During Balban s reign, it was… …   Wikipedia

  • Nasir ud din Mahmud — Coin of Nasir ud din Mahmud Nasir ud din Mahmud, Nasir ud din Firuz Shah (1246–1266) was the eighth sultan of the Mamluk Sultanate (Slave dynasty). He was the youngest son of Shams ud din Iltutmish (1211–1236), and he succeeded Ala ud din Masud… …   Wikipedia

  • Chajju, Malik 'Ala al-Din Muhammad —    He was the son of Sultan Ghiyas al Din Balban s brother Kishli Khan and was counted among the powerful nobles of Mu izz al Din Kaiqubad (1287 1290). Malik Firuz Khalji (later Sultan Jalal al Din Firuz Khalji, 1290 1296) asked him in 1290 to… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • Mahmud Shah, Sultan Nasir al-Din — (? 1266)    The youngest son of Iltutmish, Nasir al Din Mahmud was brought to the throne by the nobles in 1246. A person of retiring disposition, he left the entire administration to his na ib, Baha al Din Balban (later Sul tan Ghiyas al Din… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India


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