Eastern Alps


Eastern Alps

Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of the Splügen Pass in eastern Switzerland. North of the Splügen Pass, the Posterior Rhine forms the border, and south of the pass, the Liro river and Lake Como form the boundary line.

The Eastern Alps include parts of Switzerland, most of Austria and Liechtenstein, as well as parts of southern Germany, northern Italy and Slovenia. The eastern border is formed by the Wienerwald (Vienna Woods) and the Viennese basin, which is the transition zone to the Carpathian mountains.

The Eastern Alps are traditionally divided according to the "Alpenvereins-Einteilung" (arrangement of the Alpine Club) into several dozen small regions, each assigned to the Northern Calcareous Alps, the Central Eastern Alps or the Southern Calcareous Alps. Fuller details are given on those pages of the regions they contain.

The highest mountain in the Eastern Alps is Piz Bernina (4,049 m) in Switzerland. Excepting other peaks in the Bernina range, the next highest is the Ortler (3,905 m) in Italy/South Tyrol and then the Großglockner (3,798 m) in Austria.

During the Würm glaciation, the Eastern Alps were drier than the Western Alps, with the contiguous ice shield ending in the region of the Niedere Tauern in Austria. This allowed many species to survive the ice age in the Eastern Alps where they could not survive elsewhere. For that reason, many species of plants are endemic to the Eastern Alps.

ee also

* Northern Calcareous Alps
* Central Eastern Alps
* Southern Calcareous Alps


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Central Eastern Alps — Range Venediger group of the Hohe Tauern …   Wikipedia

  • Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps — region was a historic process that took place between the 6th and 9th century AD, having culminated in the final quarter of the 6th century. Historical background The migration of Slavic peoples from their homeland began in roughly the late 4th… …   Wikipedia

  • Alps — /alps/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a mountain range in S Europe, extending from France through Switzerland and Italy into Austria, Slovenia, and Croatia. Highest peak, Mont Blanc, 15,781 ft. (4810 m). * * * I Mountain system, south central Europe.… …   Universalium

  • Alps — Alpe redirects here. For the German river, see Alpe (river). For other uses, see Alps (disambiguation). Alps Range The …   Wikipedia

  • Alps, French —    Forming an arc of 1,200 kilometers from the Gulf of Genoa to the Danube River at Vienna, the Alps are the highest and most densely settled mountain chain of Europe. Structurally, the alpine mountain system is divided into the western and… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Alps —    The northern parts of Lombardy and Piedmont, and the whole of Trentino Alto Adige and Valle d’Aosta, are home to some of the highest mountains in Europe and to some of the most spectacular scenery. The highest peak in the western Alps is Monte …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Alps —    Although modern Austria has a varied climate and a wide range of vegetation, its mountains have shaped much of its history. The eastern Alps, their foothills, and the Carpathian foothills, near Austria’s border with Slovakia, account for… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Eastern Switzerland — Ostschweiz   Region   Country …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Breithorn — Infobox Mountain Name = Eastern Breithorn Elevation =convert|4139|m|ft|0|lk=on Location = Switzerland Italy Range = Pennine Alps latd= 45|latm=56 |lats=14 |latNS=N longd=7 |longm=46 |longs=02 |longEW=E pushpin Coordinates = coor at… …   Wikipedia

  • ALPS, THE —    the vastest mountain system in Europe; form the boundary between France, Germany, and Switzerland on the N. and W., and Italy on the S., their peaks mostly covered with perpetual snow, the highest being Mont Blanc, within the frontiers of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia