- Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the
Alps, usually defined as the area east of the Splügen Passin eastern Switzerland. North of the Splügen Pass, the Posterior Rhineforms the border, and south of the pass, the Liroriver and Lake Comoform the boundary line.
The Eastern Alps include parts of Switzerland, most of
Austriaand Liechtenstein, as well as parts of southern Germany, northern Italyand Slovenia. The eastern border is formed by the Wienerwald(Vienna Woods) and the Viennese basin, which is the transition zone to the Carpathian mountains.
The Eastern Alps are traditionally divided according to the "Alpenvereins-Einteilung" (arrangement of the
Alpine Club) into several dozen small regions, each assigned to the Northern Calcareous Alps, the Central Eastern Alpsor the Southern Calcareous Alps. Fuller details are given on those pages of the regions they contain.
The highest mountain in the Eastern Alps is
Piz Bernina(4,049 m) in Switzerland. Excepting other peaks in the Bernina range, the next highest is the Ortler(3,905 m) in Italy/South Tyrol and then the Großglockner(3,798 m) in Austria.
Würm glaciation, the Eastern Alps were drier than the Western Alps, with the contiguous ice shield ending in the region of the Niedere Tauernin Austria. This allowed many species to survive the ice agein the Eastern Alps where they could not survive elsewhere. For that reason, many speciesof plants are endemic to the Eastern Alps.
Northern Calcareous Alps
Central Eastern Alps
Southern Calcareous Alps
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