Arturo Rosenblueth


Arturo Rosenblueth

Arturo Rosenblueth Stearns (October 2, 1900 – September 20, 1970) was a Mexican researcher, physician and physiologist, who is known as one of the pioneers of cybernetics.

Contents

Biography

Rosenblueth was born in 1900 in Ciudad Guerrero, Chihuahua. He began his studies in Mexico City, then traveled to Berlin and Paris where he obtained his medical degree. Returning to Mexico city in 1927, he engaged in teaching and research in physiology. In 1930 he obtained a Guggenheim Scholarship and moved to Harvard University, to the department of Physiology, then directed by Walter Cannon. With Cannon he explored the chemical mediation of homeostasis. Rosenblueth cowrote research papers with both Cannon and Norbert Wiener, pioneer of cybernetics. Rosenblueth was an influential member of the core group at the Macy Conferences.[1]

In 1944, Rosenblueth became professor of physiology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Eventually he became head of the Physiology Laboratory of the National Institute of Cardiology, head of the Physiology Department and, in 1961, director of the Center for Scientific Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav) at the National Polytechnic Institute.

Between 1947 and 1949, and again between 1951 and 1952, using grants from the Rockefeller Foundation, he returned to Harvard to further collaborate with Wiener.

Arturo Rosenblueth died September 20, 1970 in Mexico City.

Work

Since the 1930s Rosenblueth worked with Cannon on issues related with Chemical transmission among nervous elements. Between 1931 and 1945 he worked with several specialists, among them Cannon, del Pozo, H.G. Schwartz, and Norbert Wiener. With Wiener and Julian Bigelow he wrote "Behavior, Purpose and Teleology", which, according to Wiener himself, set the bases for the new science of Cybernetics.

He devoted himself to the fields of nervous impulse transmissions, neuromuscular transmission, synaptic transmission, the propagation of impulses in the heart, the control of blood circulation, and the physiology of brain cortex. However he also taught several courses of mathematics and even musicology.

Quotes

  • "[T]he best material model for a cat is another [cat], or preferably the same cat."

- "The Role of Models in Science," with Norbert Wiener

Publications

  • 1937, Arturo Rosenblueth,Fisiología del sistema nervioso autónomo ("Physiology of the Autonomous Nervous System", with Walter Cannon
  • 1943, Behavior, Purpose and Teleology, with Norbert Wiener, Julian Bigelow
  • 1945, The Role of Models in Science with Norbert Wiener
  • 1970, Mind and Brain: A Philosophy of Science, (MIT Press)[2]
  • 1970, "Mente y Cerebro: una filosofia de la ciencia" hilosophy of science

References

Further reading


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  • Arturo Rosenblueth — (* 2. Oktober 1900 in Chihuahua; † 20. September 1970 in Mexiko Stadt) war ein mexikanischer Physiologe. Werke Arturo Rosenblueth, Walter Cannon: Fisiología del sistema nervioso autónomo (Physiology of the Autonomous Nervous System) (1937) Arturo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arturo Rosenblueth — (1900 1970) est un chercheur mexicain, physiologiste et physicien. Il obtient en 1930 le prix Guggenheim, entre au département de physiologie de l université de Harvard, alors dirigé par Walter Cannon, avec qui il travaillera en 1934 sur les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arturo Rosenblueth Stearns — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arturo Rosenblueth Stearns (* 2 de octubre de 1900, Ciudad Guerrero, Chihuahua † 20 de septiembre de 1970, Ciudad de México) fue un investigador, médico y fisiólogo mexicano. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rosenblueth — ist der Name von Arturo Rosenblueth (1900–1970), mexikanischer Physiologe Emilio Rosenblueth (1896–1945), mexikanischer Künstler Martin Rosenblueth (1886 1963), 1929 1933 Geschäftsführer des Keren Hajessods in Berlin D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Conférences de Macy — Conférences Macy Les conférences Macy, organisées à New York par la fondation Macy à l initiative du neurologue Warren McCulloch, réunirent à intervalles réguliers, de 1942 à 1953, un groupe interdisciplinaire de mathématiciens, logiciens,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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