Ubatuba


Ubatuba

Infobox City
official_name = "Município da Estância Balneária de Ubatuba"
native_name = Ubatuba
nickname = "Capital do Surf" (Capital of Surf)
motto = "Servavit Patria"



imagesize = 200px
image_caption = Ubatuba and the view of Mirante do Saco da Ribeira



image_




mapsize =
map_caption = Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Brazil
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name2 = São Paulo
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Eduardo de Souza César (PL)
established_title = Settled
established_date = October 28 1637
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 712
area_total_sq_mi = 130
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 81,246
Ranked 74th
population_footnotes = [http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/estimativa2006/POP_2006_DOU.pdf]
population_density_km2 = 114.1
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
timezone = UTC-3
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST = UTC-2
utc_offset_DST = -2
latd= 23|latm= 50|lats= 46|latNS=S
longd= 46|longm= 37|longs= 47|longEW=W
elevation_m = 3
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 11680-000
website = [http://www.ubatuba.sp.gov.br City Hall website]
footnotes =

Ubatuba is a Brazilian city, located on the southeast coast, in the state of São Paulo. The population in 2003 was 76,847, its density was 107.93 hab/km² and the area is 712 km².

Ubatuba is linked with the Rodovia Longitudinal or the BR-101 and is also located east of São Paulo and east/north/east of Santos and west of Rio de Janeiro. The city lies within the Tropic of Capricorn.

The urban area is mainly concentrated in the Atlantic and valley areas. Much of the land to the north is forested and mountainous, forming a part of the Serra do Mar mountains. The Serra do Mar State Park covers 83% of the city and rarely has connecting roads through the mountain range. A marine park was created under Projeto Tamar (Project Tamar) to protect sea turtles. In addition, the Oceanographic Institute of the University of São Paulo operates the Clarimundo de Jesus research base in Ubatuba.

Ubatuba is an important touristic city, receiving tourists from many parts of Brazil. Ubatuba features over 70 beaches. Some of these are Maranduba, Lázaro, Itamambuca, Vermelha, Grande, Enseada, Perequê, Saco da Ribeira and many more. Ubatuba also features an island named Anchieta after José de Anchieta, a preserved area since March 22nd, 1977.

History

The origin of the name comes from the Tupi words "uyba" (arrows or canoes) and "tuba" (many). Ubatuba was the place where the Portuguese signed the first treaty of peace of the Americas with the Tupinamba Indians (The Treaty of Peace of Yperoig - Tratado de Paz de Iperoig), a treaty that kept Brazil in Portuguese hands, with only one language and one faith (Catholicism). Back in the 16th century the Tupinamba families had been put into slavery, working on sugar cane plantations along the Southern Shores surrounding the towns of Saint Vincent and Itanhaém, a region also called "Morpion" at that time (according to André Thévet - "Singularités de la France Antarctique").

The Tupinamba responded to this outrage with the Tamoio Confederation, a powerful military alliance that could destroy Saint Vincent, with the help of the French who had founded a Protestant refugee colony, France Antarctique in Guanabara Bay before the foundation of Rio de Janeiro. The Portuguese setw two Jesuit priests, Fathers Anchieta and Nobrega, to Ubatuba (a tribe named Yperoig), to make peace with the Tupinamba Indians. Anchieta was kept as a hostage and Nobrega got back to Saint Vincent along with the Chief Cunhambebe to make arrangements for the final Treaty. The Portuguese won, destroying France Antarctique and keeping the land.

About the beaches

Population history in numbers

References

External links

* [http://www.conhecaubatuba.com.br/ubatuba/index.asp?g=1&e=8 Conheça Ubatuba - Tourist guide of Ubatuba - - São Paulo - Brazil]
* [http://www.ubatuba.sp.gov.br - City Hall website]
* [http://www.citybrazil.com.br/SP/ubatatuba citybrazil.com.br]
* [http://www.ubatubanews.com.br/modules/news Ubatuba News - News from Ubatuba]
* [http://www.litoralvirtual.com.br/ubatuba/index.html Complete Guide of Ubatuba]
* [http://www.explorevale.com.br/cidades/ubatuba/index.htm Ubatuba on Explorevale]

Geographic Location
Centre = Ubatuba
North = Cunha
Northeast = Parati
East = Parati
Southeast =
South = Atlantic Ocean
Southwest = Caraguatatuba
West = Caraguatatuba
Northwest = Natividade da Serra and São Luís do Paraitinga


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