- South Shropshire
South Shropshire is a local government district in south west
South Shropshire is the most
ruraldistrict of one of the UK's most rural counties, the populationof the district is 40,000 spread out over 1,027 km² of forest, mountains, moorlands, hills and mixed quality farmland. It borders Powysin Mid Wales, which it closely resembles, economically, socially, culturally and historically. 65% of the district is part of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Only the towns of Ludlowand Church Strettonhave populations in excess of 3000. Other towns in the district are Clun, Bishop's Castle, Cleobury Mortimerand Craven Arms.
The district was formed by the merger of the
rural districts of Clun and Bishop's Castle and Ludlow in 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972. [HMSO. [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/S.I._1972/2039 S.I. 1972/2039] ]
The district and its council will be abolished on 1st April 2009 when the new Shropshire
unitary authorityis established, as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England.
Economics and Demographics
Economically the district is largely dependent on tourism, partly due to the decline in the economic significance of
farmingand also the decline and subsequent end of local lead and coal miningindustry. In addition to tourism, some light industrydoes exist in the borough, in the Church Strettonarea.
Some statistics for the local area suggest that wages are "low", but also that the rate of
unemploymentis below average.
Addionally, the local
demographicsshow a large gap, speaking economically, between affluent residents and poorer communities, many of the affluent residents being people who have moved into the area from other places, such as South East Englandon their retirement. This continues an older trend whose root was initially in the imbalance of wealth associated with the farming economy previously prevalent in the area.
The District of South Shropshire covers an area of 1,028 square kilometres, or 397 square miles, which is roughly one third of the administrative county of Shropshire.
South Shropshire is a land of mountains, valleys, hills, moors, forests and low grade farmland. The landscape is often rugged, with crags and rock outcrops very common, especially in the west and around the
Clee Hills, and was for the most part gouged by glaciers during the ice age. It contains a myriad of rock types, and is widely regarded as the geological capital of the UK, with Wenlock Edgebeing especially highly regarded by geologists.
Shropshire Hills AONB(Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty) for more about the natural geography of the area.
South Shropshire is littered with ancient monuments, with
Mitchells Foldon the Welsh border being the most notable, and there is evidence of Neolithicquarrying in the Apedale.The area seems to have been settled by the Ordovices, an Iron Agetribe of people in the last millennium BC, and was a stronghold of the Celtic chieftain Caractacus( Caer Caradocis said to be named after him).The area was probably part of the "Military" division of the Roman occupation and locals claim that the Romans mined lead in the north west of the district.
In the Early Middle Ages, the area was a battleground between the Welsh and the
Anglo SaxonKingdom of Merciaand Offa's Dyke, which is partially in the district, is a permanent reminder of the areas border status.
Middle Ages, South Shropshire was part of the Welsh Marches, a lawless area ruled by tyrannical feudal lords, who as Marcher Lords had de facto independence from the King of England.It has been remarked that the attitude of the time lives on in the areas mistrust of outside control.During the English Civil Warthe area was generally spared from fighting, although there was a small massacre at Hopton Castle.
Industrial Revolution, coal was mined around Clee Hilland lead was mined near the border with Wales, eg at Snailbeach. Church Stretton was a centre of textile manufacture and Ludlow thrived on the malting trade, while the rest of the area was populated by smallholders. The economy of the area was fragile, and most industry in the area had collapsed by 1900.
At present in South Shropshire, the local council is controlled by the Conservative Party, with the second largest party being the Liberal Democrats. A number of independent politicians also hold seats in the council. The Labour Party no longer run candidates in elections within the district.
Results of the elections to South Shropshire District Council, 1 May 2003 Party Seats Liberal Democrat and Progressive 11 Conservative 18 Independent 4 Green 1 Total 34
**Council leader: Cecilia Mottley, C,
**Deputy leader: ?
2006, a report commissioned by British Gas [http://www.britishgasnews.co.uk/managed_content/files/pdf/greenCity.pdf] showed that housing in South Shropshire produced the 13th highest average carbon emissions in the country at 7,156 kg of carbon dioxideper dwelling.
Energy efficiency in British housing".
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Look at other dictionaries:
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