Bramble shark


Bramble shark

Taxobox
name = Bramble shark
status = DD | status_system = IUCN3.1
trend = unknown



image_width = 240px
image_caption = From plate 3 of "Oceanic Ichthyology" by George Brown Goode and Tarleton Hoffman Bean, published 1896.
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Chondrichthyes
subclassis = Elasmobranchii
ordo = Squaliformes
familia = Echinorhinidae
genus = "Echinorhinus"
species = "E. brucus"
range_


range_map_width = 200px
range_map_caption = Range of the bramble shark (in blue)
binomial = "Echinorhinus brucus"
binomial_authority = (Bonnaterre, 1788)

The bramble shark, "Echinorhinus brucus", is covered with large, thorn-like denticles, and hence the name "bramble" shark.

Physical characteristics

Bramble sharks have a long cylindrical body covered with large protruding denticles, no anal fin, two small dorsal fins placed far on the back just before the tail, and five pairs of gill slits. They can reach a maximum length of 3.94 m (13 ft) and weigh 500 lbs (227 kg).cite book |last=Kindersley |first= Dorling |year=2001,2005 |title=Animal |location=New York City |publisher=DK Publishing |isbn=0-7894-7764-5]

Distribution

The bramble shark is found in the Western Atlantic from Georgia to Maine, Argentina, the Eastern Atlantic from South Africa north to Norway, most of the Mediterranean, Mozambique, the Arabian Sea near Oman, the Indian Ocean of south India and Sri Lanka, the Pacific Ocean near Honshū, Japan, south Australia, and New Zealand.

Habits and habitat

The bramble shark is a deepwater shark common only in the Eastern Atlantic from Portugal north, and the North Sea. It lives on the bottom of the sea between 18 to 900 m deep, and eats small sharks, bony fish, and crabs. It is ovoviviparous with up to 24 pups per litter.

ee also

* List of sharks

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as data deficient
*
*
* FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World

External links

* [http://www.elasmo-research.org/education/shark_profiles/echinorhiniformes.htm Elasmo Research, more info on Bramble shark]


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