Jericho missile


Jericho missile

Jericho is a general designation given to the Israeli ballistic missiles. The name is taken from the first development contract signed between Israel and Dassault in 1963, with the codename as a reference to the Biblical city of Jericho. Like much connected to the nuclear weapons program of Israel, exact details are difficult to find.

Jericho I

Jericho I was first publicly identified as an operational short-range ballistic missile system in late 1971. It was 13.4 m long, 0.8 m in diameter, weighing 6.5 tons. It had a range of 500 km and a CEP of 1,000 m, and it could carry a payload estimated at 400 kg. It was intended to carry a nuclear warhead.citation|url=http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB240/snie.pdf|series=Special National Intelligence Assessment|title=Prospects for Further Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons|publisher=CIA|date=23 August 1974|id=SNIE 4-1-74|accessdate=2008-01-20] However, due to Israel's ambiguity over its nuclear weapons program, the missile is classified as a ballistic missile. Initial development was in conjunction with France, Dassault provided various missile systems from 1963 and a type designated MD-620 was test fired in 1965. But French co-operation was halted by an arms embargo from January 1968. Work was continued by IAI at the Beit Zachariah facility and the program cost almost $1 billion up to 1980. Despite guidance problems it is believed that around 100 missiles of this type were produced.

Jericho II

The system was updated from around 1985, and was identified as the Jericho II, a solid fuel, 13 ton, two-stage medium-range ballistic missile system. There were a series of test launches into the Mediterranean from 1987 to 1992, the longest at around 1,300 km, mostly from the facility at Palmachim, south of Tel Aviv. Again, the qualities of the system are unclear but it is considered by some sources as equivalent to the US MGM-31 Pershing, the American government having provided considerable technical assistance to the Israelis in the 1970s.

It has been proposed that the Jericho II forms the basis of the three-stage, 23 ton Shavit NEXT satellite launcher (similar to the South African RSA-3), first launched in 1988 from Palmachim. From the performance of Shavit it has been estimated that as a ballistic missile it has a maximum range of about 7,600 km with a 500 kg payload [http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/missile/rumsfeld/pt1_africa.htm] .

Jericho III

Jericho III is thought to have been in service since mid-2005. With a payload of 1,000 - 1,300 kg it has a range of 6,500-7000km [http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/details?mid=7673ebd266508878d18f825b6a8d39e5] [http://www.plrc.org/docs/970508G.pdf] , and probably significantly greater with a payload of 350kg (one Israeli nuclear warhead).

On 17 January, 2008 Israel test fired a multi-stage ballistic missile believed to be of the Jericho III type reportedly capable of carrying "Special warheads". [Yuval Azoulay, [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/945859.html Missile test 'will improve deterrence'] , Haaretz, Friday, January 17, 2008]

ee also

*Israel and weapons of mass destruction
*List of missiles

External links

* [http://www.wisconsinproject.org/countries/israel/IsraelMissile2005.html Israel Missile Update - 2005]
* [http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/details?mid=7673ebd266508878d18f825b6a8d39e5 Jericho 3 the main Israel balistic missile-2006]
* [http://www.ndia.org/Content/ContentGroups/Divisions1/Strike,_Land_Attack_and_Air_Defense/PDFs15/lrbmtxt.pdf]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jéricho (missile) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jericho Missile —    An Israeli produced surface to surface ballistic missile. The short range version, the Jericho I, was said to have a range of up to 500 kilometers and to be armed with a conventional warhead. Its intermediate range counterpart, the Jericho II …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Jericho (disambiguation) — Jericho is an ancient city in the West Bank, with historical and Biblical significance, particularly in regards to the Battle of Jericho.Jericho or Jerico may also refer to:Mediain television: * Jericho (US TV series), a 2006 post apocalyptic… …   Wikipedia

  • Jericho 1 — Jéricho 1 (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho 1 — (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho 1 (Missile) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho 1 ( Missile) — Jéricho 1 (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho 2 — Jéricho 1 (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho 3 — Jéricho 1 (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jéricho I — Jéricho 1 (Missile) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jéricho (homonymie). Les Jéricho sont des missiles balistiques israélien. Cette famille de missiles a donné naissance au lanceur Shavit. Sommaire 1 Jéricho I 1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.