United Nations System


United Nations System

The United Nations system consists of the United Nations, its subsidiary organs (including the separately-administered funds and programs), the specialized agencies, and affiliated organizations. The executive heads of the United Nations system organizations and the World Trade Organization (which is not a member of the United Nations system) are members of the United Nations System Chief Executives' Board for Coordination (CEB). This body, chaired by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, meets twice a year to coordinate the work of the organizations of the United Nations system.

Contents

Organizations of the United Nations System

The principal organ of the United Nations system is the United Nations itself, but the United Nations system also includes subsidiary bodies (such as the separately-administered funds and programs, research and training institutes, and other subsidiary entities), specialized agencies, and affiliated organizations. [1] Some of the organizations of the United Nations system predate the founding of the United Nations in 1945 and were inherited after the dissolution of the League of Nations.

United Nations

The United Nations consists of six principal organs established by the Charter of the United Nations.

General Assembly

  • Main Committees
    • First Committee: Disarmament and International Security
    • Second Committee: Economic and Financial
    • Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural
    • Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    • Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
    • Sixth Committee: Legal
  • Other committees and subsidiary bodies
    • Peacebuilding Commission (also reports to the Security Council)
    • Human Rights Council

Security Council

Economic and Social Council

Secretariat

  • Offices
    • Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) [10]
    • Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) [11]
    • Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA)
    • Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
    • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
  • Departments
    • Department of Political Affairs (DPA) [12]
      • Special political missions
    • Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) [13]
      • Peacekeeping operations
    • Department of Field Support (DFS) [14]
    • Department of Management (DM)
    • Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)
    • Department of General Assembly and Conference Management (DGACM)
    • Department of Public Information (DPI)

International Court of Justice

Trusteeship Council

Funds and programmes, research and training institutes, and other bodies

The separately-administered funds and programmes, research and training institutes, and other subsidiary bodies are autonomous subsidiary organs of the United Nations.

Funds and programmes

Each of the funds and programs is headed by an Executive Director at the Under-Secretary-General level and is governed by an Executive Board. One former fund, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), was merged with other elements of the United Nations system into a new organization, UN Women, in January 2011.

Research and training institutes

The various research and training institutes were established by the General Assembly to perform independent research and training. One former institute, the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), was merged with other elements of the United Nations system into a new organization, UN Women, in January 2011.

Secretariats of Conventions

Other entities

Specialized agencies

The specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council.

Other related bodies

Related organizations

The WTO is not a member of the United Nations system, though its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was.

Chief Executives Board and Senior Management Group

The United Nations Chief Executives' Board for Coordination (CEB) brings together on a regular basis the executive heads of the organizations of the United Nations system, under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the UN. The CEB aims to further co-ordination and co-operation on a whole range of substantive and management issues facing UN system organizations. In addition to its regular reviews of contemporary political issues and major concerns facing the UN system, the CEB approves policy statements on behalf of the UN system as a whole. Three committees report to the CEB, namely the High-level Committee on Programme (HCLP), the High-level Committee on Management (HCLM) and the UN Development Group (UNDG). Each of those bodies has, in turn, developed a subsidiary machinery of regular and ad hoc bodies on the substantive and managerial aspects of inter-agency co-ordination. The committee structure is supported by a CEB secretariat located in New York and Geneva.[2]

There is also a Senior Management Group, composed of some of the senior officials in the Secretariat and the funds and programs at the Under-Secretary-General and Assistant Secretary-General rank, which serves as the cabinet of the Secretary-General. [3]

United Nations common system

The United Nations, its subsidiary bodies, thirteen of the specialized agencies (ILO, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, ICAO, UPU, ITU, WMO, IMO, WIPO, IFAD, UNDIO, and UNWTO), and one related body (IAEA) are part of the United Nations common system of salaries, allowances, and benefits administered by the International Civil Service Commission. Most, but not all, of the members of the United Nations system are part of the common system; the Bretton Woods institutions (i.e. the World Bank Group and the IMF) are notable exceptions. The common system was established to prevent competition amongst organizations of the United Nations system for staff and to facilitate cooperation and exchange between organizations. [4]

Some international organizations that are not part of the United Nations system (and therefore not members of the common system) but who voluntarily follow the policies of the common system in whole or in part include:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/index.shtml
  2. ^ http://www.unsceb.org/
  3. ^ http://www.un.org/sg/management.shtml
  4. ^ http://icsc.un.org/
  5. ^ Staffing principles of IOM http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/about-iom/recruitment/staffing-principles-of-IOM
  6. ^ OSCE General conditions of employment http://www.osce.org/employment/18
  7. ^ Article 40 of the General Standards to govern the operations of the General Secretariat

External links


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