- Italian general election, 1996
An early national general election was held in
Italyon April 21, 1996to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. Olive Treeleader Romano Prodiwon the election, narrowly defeating Silvio Berlusconi, who led the Pole of Freedoms.
For the election, the Northern League of
Umberto Bossiran alone, after having left the Berlusconi I government in 1994, causing a crisis who drove President Oscar Luigi Scalfaroto appoint a technocratic cabinet led by Lamberto Dini, which in turn lost its Parliamentary support in 1995, forcing Scalfaro to dissolve the Italian Parliament. The Communist Refoundation Party, led by Fausto Bertinotti, instead made a pre-electoral alliance with the Olive Tree, presenting its own candidates, supported by Prodi's coalition, mainly in some safe leftist constituencies, in exchange for supporting Olive Tree candidates on the other ones, and ensuring external support for a Prodi government.
The intricate electoral system of Italy, nicknamed as "Mattarellum" (after
Sergio Mattarella, who was the official proponent), provided a 75% of the seats on the Chamber of Deputies (the Lower House) as elected by uninominal system, whereas the remaining 25% was assigned on a proportional way with a minimum threshold of 4%.If possible, the method associate on the Senate is even more complicated: 75% of seats by uninominal method, and 25% by a special proportional method that actually assigns the remaining seats to minority parties.
Chamber of Deputies
*it icon [http://politiche.interno.it/dati/camera/21aprile1996.zip Minister of Internal Affairs of Italy: 1996 Election Results, Chamber of Deputies] (compressed ZIP file)
*it icon [http://politiche.interno.it/dati/senato/21apr1996.zip Minister of Internal Affairs of Italy: 1996 Election Results, Senate of the Republic] (compressed ZIP file)
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