John Hope Franklin

John Hope Franklin

Infobox Person
name = John Hope Franklin

image_size =
birth_date = birth date and age|1915|01|02
birth_place = Rentiesville, Oklahoma
alma_mater = Fisk University (B.A., 1935);
Harvard University (M.A., 1936; Ph.D., History, 1941)
occupation = Professor Emeritus of History, Duke University
spouse = Aurelia Whittington Franklin (m. 1940; d. 1999)
known_for = scholar, historian, author, professor, Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient

John Hope Franklin (born January 2, 1915) is a United States historian and past president of the American Historical Association. Professor Emeritus of History at Duke University, he is best known for his work "From Slavery to Freedom", first published in 1947, and continuously updated. More than three million copies have been sold. In 1995, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.


Franklin was born in Rentiesville, Oklahoma and named after John Hope. [ [ New Georgia Encyclopedia: John Hope (1868-1936) ] ] He graduated from Booker T. Washington High School in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He earned an undergraduate degree from Fisk University in 1935 and a doctorate in history in 1941 from Harvard University.

Franklin met and courted Aurelia Whittington at Fisk. They married on June 11, 1940 at her parent's home in Goldsboro, North Carolina. Their only child, John Whittington Franklin, was born August 24, 1952. Aurelia was a librarian. Their marriage lasted 59 years, until January 27, 1999 when she succumbed to a long illness. [Mirror to America]

"My challenge," Franklin says, "was to weave into the fabric of American history enough of the presence of blacks so that the story of the United States could be told adequately and fairly."

In the early 1950s, Franklin served on the NAACP Legal Defense Fund team led by Thurgood Marshall that helped develop the sociological case for "Brown v. Board of Education". This led to the 1954 United States Supreme Court decision ending the legal segregation of black and white children in public schools.

Franklin's illustrious teaching career [ [ Where did it go? ] ] began at Fisk University and continued during World War II at St. Augustine's College and North Carolina College. From 1947 and 1956, he taught at Howard University. In 1956 Franklin was selected to chair the history department at Brooklyn College, the first person of color to head a major history department. Franklin served there until 1964, when he was recruited by the University of Chicago.

From 1964 through 1968, Franklin was a professor of history at the University of Chicago, and chair of the department from 1967-70. He was named to the endowed position of John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor, which he held from 1969-82.

In 1983, Franklin was appointed the James B. Duke Professor of History at Duke University. In 1985, he took emeritus status. Franklin was also Professor of Legal History at the Duke University Law School from 1985-92.

He was appointed to the Fulbright Board of Foreign Scholarships, 1962-69, and was its chair from 1966-69.

Franklin was appointed to the U.S. Delegation to the UNESCO General Conference, Belgrade (1980).

The John Hope Franklin Collection for African and African-American Documentation resides at the Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library and contains his personal and professional papers. [ [ John Hope Franklin Collection of African and African American Documentation ] ] The archive is one of three academic units named after John Hope Franklin at Duke. The others are the John Hope Franklin Center for Interdisciplinary and International Studies and the Franklin Humanities Institute.

Pulitzer Prize-winning historian David Levering Lewis said that while he was deciding to become a historian, news came that Franklin, his mentor, had been named departmental chairman at Brooklyn College. "Now that certainly is a distinction. It had never happened before that a person of color had chaired a major history department. That meant a lot to me. If I had doubt about (the) viability of a career in history, that example certainly help put to rest such concerns." [ [ The soul of David Levering Lewis: award-winning scholar contemporizes black intellectual tradition | Black Issues in Higher Education | Find Articles at ] ]

In researching his prize-winning biographies of W.E.B. Du Bois, Lewis said he became aware of Franklin's "courage during that period in the 1950s when Du Bois became an un-person, when many progressives were tarred and feathered with the brush of subversion. John Hope Franklin was a rock; he was loyal to his friends. In the case of W.E.B. Du Bois, Franklin spoke out in his defense, not (about) Du Bois' communism, but of the right of an intellectual to express ideas that were not popular. I find that admirable. It was a high risk to take and we may be heading again into a period when the free concourse of ideas in the academy will have a price put upon it. In the final years of an active teaching career, I will have John Hope Franklin's example of high scholarship, great courage and civic activism." [ [ The soul of David Levering Lewis: award-winning scholar contemporizes black intellectual tradition | Black Issues in Higher Education | Find Articles at ] ]

On May 20, 2006, Franklin was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters at Lafayette College's 171st Commencement Exercises.

On November 15, 2006, John Hope Franklin was announced as the third recipient of the John W. Kluge Prize for lifetime achievement in the study of humanity. He shared the prize with Yu Ying-shih.

Public service

Franklin has served as president of the American Historical Association (1979), the American Studies Association (1967), the Southern Historical Association (1970), the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa (1973-76), and the Organization of American Historians (1975). He has been a member of the board of trustees at Fisk University, the Chicago Public Library, and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Association.

Franklin has been appointed to serve on national commissions including the National Council of the Humanities, the President's Advisory Commission on Ambassadorial Appointments, and .

Franklin is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established for African Americans. He was an early beneficiary of the fraternity's Foundation Publishers which provides financial support and fellowship for writers addressing African American issues since it was established in 1933.

Franklin endorsed presidential candidate Barack Obama. ["John Hope Franklin backs Obama", "The News & Observer", 16 Apr 2008. [ Available online.] [ Archived.] ]

Books by John Hope Franklin (Partial List)

* "The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860," Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1943, 1995.
* "The Diary of James T. Ayers, Civil War recruiter" ed., with introd., by John Franklin. Springfield; State of Illinois, 1947.
*"From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans", 1st ed. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1947. Last update with Alfred Moss, 8th ed. McGraw-Hill Education, 2000, ISBN 0-07-112058-0
* "The Militant South, 1800-1861." Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1956; 1st Illinois pbk. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.
* "Reconstruction: after the Civil War." Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
* "The Emancipation proclamation." 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1963; 2nd ed. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1993.
* "Land of the free; a history of the United States", by John W. Caughey, John Hope Franklin and Ernest R. May. Educational advisers: Richard M. Clowes and Alfred T. Clark, Jr. Rev. New York: Benziger Bros., 1966.
* "The Negro in Twentieth Century America: A Reader on the Struggle for Civil Rights", by John Hope Franklin & Isidore Starr. New York: Vintage Books, 1967.
* "Color and race." Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968.
* "The Historian and Public Policy," by John Hope Franklin. Chicago: University of Chicago, Center for Policy Study, c1974.
* "Racial Equality in America," by John Hope Franklin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c1976.
* "A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Antebellum North." by John Hope Franklin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c1976.
* "Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century," edited by John Hope Franklin and August Meier. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, c1982.
* "George Washington Williams: a Biography," Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985; Reprint, Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1998.
* "Race and History: Selected Essays 1938-1988," Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c1989.
* "The Facts of Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of John Hope Franklin", edited by Eric Anderson & Alfred A. Moss, Jr. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c1991.
* "The Color Line: Legacy for the Twenty-first Century," John Hope Franklin. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, c1993.
* "Racial Equality in America," by John Hope Franklin. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.
* "My Life and an Era: the Autobiography of Buck Colbert Franklin," edited by John Hope Franklin and John Whittington Franklin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c1997, 2000.
* " [ Runaway Slaves] : Rebels on the Plantation," John Hope Franklin, Loren Schweninger. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
* " [ Mirror to America] . The Autobiography of John Hope Franklin". Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005, ISBN 0-374-29944-7


* Paul Finkelman, "John Hope Franklin," in Robert Allen Rutland, ed. "Clio's Favorites: Leading Historians of the United States, 1945-2000" University of Missouri Press. (2000) pp 49-67

External links

* [ John Hope Franklin, 3-hour interview, CSPAN]
* [ Oral history interview] by John Egerton, July 1990 (Southern Oral History Program, UNC-Chapel Hill)
* [ John Hope Franklin] , The History Makers biography
* [ Tavis Smiley interviews Franklin] , first broadcast February 15, 2006
* [ Charlie Rose interviews Franklin] , first broadcast December 1, 2005
* [ John Hope Franklin's oral history video excerpts] at The National Visionary Leadership Project
* [ UNC-TV Webcast interview with John Hope Franklin]
* [ APM-The Story (with Dick Gordon) interview with John Hope Franklin 2/7/07]
* [ John Hope Franklin Center for Interdisciplinary and International Studies]
* [ John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute]
* [ John Hope Franklin Collection of African and African American Documentation] , Duke University Libraries
* [ Tar Heel of the Year, 1998: John Hope Franklin] , News & Observer

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Hope Franklin — John H. Franklin John Hope Franklin (* 2. Januar 1915 in Rentiesville, Oklahoma; † 25. März 2009 in Durham, North Carolina) war ein US amerikanischer Historiker und Präsident der American Historical Association und Professor der Geschichte an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Hope Franklin — noun United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915) • Syn: ↑Franklin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑historian, ↑historiographer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Franklin, John Hope — born Jan. 2, 1915, Rentiesville, Okla., U.S. U.S. historian. He attended Fisk University and received graduate degrees from Harvard and has taught at many colleges and universities, including Howard, Chicago, and Duke. He first gained… …   Universalium

  • Franklin,John Hope — Franklin, John Hope. Born 1915. American historian noted for his studies of African American history, such as From Slavery to Freedom (1947). * * * …   Universalium

  • Franklin, John Hope — (n. 2 ene. 1915, Rentiesville, Okla., EE.UU.). Historiador estadounidense. Asistió a la Universidad de Fisk y se tituló en Harvard. Ha sido profesor en varias universidades, entre ellas las de Howard, Chicago y Duke. Se hizo conocido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Franklin (disambiguation) — John Franklin may refer to: *John Franklin (Sir) (1786 ndash;1847), British naval officer, Arctic explorer, and colonial lieutenant governor *John Rankin Franklin (1820 ndash;1878), American Whig politician who represented Maryland s 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Franklin (Name) — Franklin ist ein englischer Familienname, der auch als männlicher Vorname verwendet wird. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Familienname 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franklin — (de «Benjamín Franklin», científico y político estadounidense del siglo XVIII) m. Fís. Franklinio. * * * franklin. (De B. Franklin, 1706 1790, científico y político estadounidense). m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hope — steht für: HOPE (Ausschuss), Vereinigung der europäischen Krankenhäuser Hope (Familienname), ein Familienname Hope (Film), ein US amerikanischer Film Hope (Kelly Family), ein Charity Album der Kelly Family Hope (Programmiersprache), eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • franklin — (de «Benjamín Franklin», científico y político estadounidense del siglo XVIII) m. Fís. Franklinio. * * * franklin. (De B. Franklin, 1706 1790, científico y político estadounidense). m. Fís. Unidad de carga eléctrica en el Sistema Cegesimal,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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