Mercaz HaRav


Mercaz HaRav
One of the yeshiva buildings

Mercaz HaRav (Hebrew: מרכז הרב‎, lit. center of The Rabbi (Rabbi Kook), more properly, Mercaz HaRav Kook Hebrew: מרכז הרב קוק‎), is a national-religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel, founded in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook. It has become synonymous with his teachings.[1]

It is the most prominent yeshiva in the religious Zionist world. It has trained the movement's leading rabbis as well as many yeshiva heads, city rabbis, and teachers in religious colleges and high schools. The school was central in shaping the evolution of religious Zionism.

Founded in Jerusalem's Kiryat Moshe neighbourhood in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, then chief Ashkenazi rabbi during the British Mandate, it is seen as the first yeshiva to be Zionist in spirit. Rabbi Kook called it "the central world yeshiva," located in Jerusalem to serve as a beacon of Torah to the rest of Israel and to the diaspora. Rav Kook brought Rav Avraham Borstein to serve as the Rosh Yeshiva with him, but Rav Borstein died two years later. After Rav Kook's death in 1935, the yeshiva was named Mercaz Harav after him.

Following Rabbi Kook's death in 1935 his student, Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Harlap, became Rosh Yeshiva.[2] After his passing in 1951, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, the son of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook took up his father's position. In 1982, after Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook died, Rabbi Avraham Shapira took the position and led the institution until his death in 2007. His son, Rabbi Yaakov Shapira shlit"a, was his successor. Today, the yeshiva has about 500 students, including 200 students in the yeshiva's kollel (post-graduate division).

In its first decades the college had few students and at times it was not clear whether it would survive. The turning point came in the '50s, when graduates of Bnei Akiva religious schools and high-school yeshivas seeking higher religious education flocked to Mercaz Harav, the only Zionist yeshiva.

The prominent Bnei Akiva headmaster and activist Rabbi Moshe Zvi Neria, a disciple of Rabbi Kook's, encouraged students to go to Mercaz Harav, which was headed from 1952 by Rabbi Abraham Kook's son, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, until his eventual death.[3]

Contents

Notable alumni

The list includes a number of Knesset members and community leaders.[4]

Current Staff

The current staff, in order of ages

  • Rabbi Yehoshua Magnes, Ram Shiur alef
  • Rabbi Yair Gizbar, Ram Shiur alef
  • Rabbi Avi Silvetsky, Ram Shiur alef
  • Rabbi Itamar Orebach, Ram shiur bet, Rav Chashonaim
  • Rabbi Pinchas Moonshine, Ram shiur bet, Dayan
  • Rabbi Chaim Shteiner, Ram shiur bet
  • Rabbi Avinoam Zomer, Ram shiur gimmel
  • Rabbi Michael Hershkovitz, Ram shiur gimmel
  • Rav Ya'akov Shapira, Ram shiur dalet, Rosh Yeshiva, and Chaver Moetzet Rabbanut Harashit
  • Rav Yoram Moskovitz, Ram shiur hey and older
  • Rav Chaim Katz, Ram shiur hey and older

Mercaz HaRav massacre

On the night of March 6, 2008, Alaa Abu Dhein, an Arab from Jabel Mukaber in East Jerusalem, entered the yeshiva with a gun and began firing indiscriminately, killing eight students and wounding 15 others. Abu Dhein's bloody rampage ended with the arrival of Yitzhak Dadon, a part-time student of the yeshiva, and David Shapira, an officer in the Israel Defense Forces, who shot him to death.

The victims, mostly teenagers, were identified as:

References

External links

Coordinates: 31°47′16″N 35°11′48″E / 31.7879°N 35.1967°E / 31.7879; 35.1967


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mercaz HaRav — Merkaz Harav L un des bâtiments de la yeshiva Merkaz HaRav ou Mercaz HaRav (hébreu: מרכז הרב, litt. Le Centre du Rav), également connu comme la Yeshivat Merkaz HaRav, est une yeshiva Hardal située à Kyriat, Jérusalem, en Israël. Elle a été fondée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mercaz HaRav massacre — Mercaz HaRav Massacre …   Wikipedia

  • Atentado al Mercaz HaRav — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Atentado al Mercaz HaRav Lugar Jerusalén, Israel Fecha 6 de marzo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mercaz Hatorah — is a Lithuanian Charedi yeshiva located in Talpiot, Jerusalem. Founded by Rabbi Aryeh Rottman and Rabbi Chaim Kreiswirth zt l in 1970, it primarily caters to students from the English speaking diaspora. The current Rosh HaYeshiva is Rabbi Aryeh… …   Wikipedia

  • Merkaz Harav — L un des bâtiments de la yeshiva le mosad (institut) du Rav Kook …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Isaac Kook — (1865–1935) was the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine, the founder of the Religious Zionist Yeshiva Merkaz HaRav, Jewish thinker, Halachist, Kabbalist and a renowned Torah scholar. He is known in Hebrew as הרב אברהם …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem bulldozer attack — Jerusalem bulldozer attack …   Wikipedia

  • School shooting — School shooter redirects here. For the Half Life 2 mod, see School Shooter: North American Tour 2012. Terrorism Definitions · Counter terrorism Inter …   Wikipedia

  • Zvi Yehuda Kook — (1891 1982) was a rabbi, leader of Religious Zionism (usually associated with the Hardal movement in Israel) and Rosh Yeshiva of the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva. He was the son of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, and named in honor of his father s mentor,… …   Wikipedia

  • She'ar Yashuv Cohen — Rabbi Eliyahu Yosef She ar Yashuv Cohen (Hebrew: אליהו יוסף שאר ישוב כהן) is the Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Haifa, Israel. He was born on 4 November 1927 (9 Cheshvan 5688 in the Hebrew calendar). Biography She ar Yashuv Cohen is an 18th generation… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.