- Vasily Livanov
Vasily Borisovich Livanov OBE ( _ru. Васи́лий Бори́сович Лива́нов) (born
19 July, 1935) is a notable Russian and Soviet film actor, screenwriter, voice actorand the only one to have been made an Officer of the Order of the British Empirefor his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes.
His father was
Boris Livanovwas a prominent actor of the Moscow Art Theatre. Vasily was brought up in the artistic milieu, as many Soviet/Russian actors (such as Olga Knipperand Alla Tarasova) worked with his father and frequented the Livanov house.
Livanov graduated from the
Vakhtangov Theatreschool and started his film career in 1959. His breakthrough role came in the 1963 adaptation of Vasily Aksyonov's "Colleagues", in which he co-starred with Vasily Lanovoyand Oleg Anofriev.
Livanov's rather erratic bohemian lifestyle derailed his film career. He made very few appearances in the movies produced in the late 1960s and 1970s, using his newly acquired hoarse voice to become the voice behind the famous Soviet cartoon characters –
Karlsson-on-the-Roofand Crocodile Gena. His other major contribution to the Soyuzmultfilmcartoon industry was writing the modernized adaptation of " Town Musicians of Bremen", which went on to become a cult Soviet cartoon film of the 1970s. He also wrote a few more animated films, e.g. "The Blue Bird".
In the late 1970s and in the 1980s, Livanov returned to film stardom in what became the greatest success of his acting career: the role of
Sherlock Holmesin "The Hound of the Baskervilles" and other Holmes TV series directed by Igor Maslennikov. His other notable roles from the period included Don Quixoteand Tsar Nicholas I. Sherlock Holmesshort stories and novels that were featured in Livanov's movies included: " A Study In Scarlet", " The Adventure of the Speckled Band", " The Hound of the Baskervilles"," The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton", " The Adventure of the Final Problem", " The Adventure of the Empty House", " A Scandal In Bohemia", " The Sign of Four", " The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb", " The Adventure of the Second Stain", " The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" and " His Last Bow". Those movies were filmed between 1979 and 1986, and the latter four stories formed the plot of a standalone big-screen feature titled "The 20th Century Begins". Vasily Livanov played Sherlock Holmes and Vitaly Solominplayed Doctor Watson.
The actors were cast for the roles according to the illustrations by
Sidney Paget, a friend of Conan Doyle and the first illustrator of the book The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes- their appearance was close to this of the characters of Paget’s illustrations.
Livanov's portrayal of Sherlock Holmes is widely regarded as one of the best, especially in the Former Soviet Union. In 2000 Livanov and his co-star Vitaly Solomin were voted the best impersonators of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson in a poll by the English press. Both
Queen Elizabeth IIand former PM Margaret Thatcherwere reportedly fond of Livanov's portrayal, and he was awarded an OBE for his work. The Russians also believe that Livanov was the most believable and authentic Holmes to ever grace the screen.Fact|date=January 2008
New Zealand Mint Ltd. [http://www.newzealandmint.com/dsales/dshop.mv?screen=product&cat=4&product=fc1177cc issued] a four-coin set to celebrate the 120th anniversary of
Sherlock Holmes; the picture of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson are easily recognizible as Vasily Livanov and Vitaly Solomin.
Vasily Livanov is also the author of a number of stories, plays, fairy tales for children and memoirs (one of them a book about
Boris Pasternak). He lives in Moscow.
*en icon [http://www.russia-ic.com/culture_art/theatre/594/ Biography of Vasily Livanov]
*en icon [http://www.sherlock-holmes.co.uk The Sherlock Holmes Museum]
*ru icon [http://vasily-livanov.narod.ru/index.html Internet site dedicated to Vasiliy Livanov]
*en icon [http://www.bakerstreetdozen.com/russianholmes.html A review of the Sherlock Holmes series]
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