- Königstein im Taunus
Infobox Ort in Deutschland
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen Königstein im Taunus.png
lat_deg = 50 |lat_min = 11
lon_deg = 8 |lon_min = 28
Bundesland = Hessen
Landkreis = Hochtaunuskreis
Höhe = 200-410
Fläche = 25.1
Einwohner = 15930
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 61462
Vorwahl = 06174 06173 Mammolshain
Kfz = HG
Gemeindeschlüssel = 06 4 34 005
Straße = Burgweg 5
Website = [http://www.koenigstein.de www.koenigstein.de]
Bürgermeister = Leonhard Helm
Partei = independent, but CDU member
Königstein im Taunus is a climatic spa and lies on the thickly wooded slopes of the
Taunus. Owing to its advantageous location for both scenery and transport on the edge of the Frankfurt Rhein-Main Region, Königstein is a favourite residential town. Neighbouring places are Kronberg im Taunus, Glashütten, Schwalbach am Taunus, Bad Soden am Taunusand Kelkheim.
Königstein borders in the north on the community of Schmitten and the town of
Oberursel, in the east on the towns of Kronberg and Schwalbach, in the south on the towns of Bad Sodenand Kelkheim(all three in the Main-Taunus-Kreis), and in the west on the community of Glashütten.
Besides the main town, which bears the same name as the whole, Königstein has three outlying centres: Falkenstein, Mammolshain and Schneidhain. Since 2001, Falkenstein has borne the designation "Heilklimatischer Kurort" – climatic spa – independently of the town's status as such.
Shrouded in legend, the town's founding date is unknown. The best known legend says that it was the
MerovingianKing Chlodwig (466-511), who had a castlebuilt on a mountain and a chapelin a neighbouring dale, who also founded the town in thanks for a prophecy that came his way there from a maiden who promised him victory over the Alemanni– which did indeed come true.
Königstein had its first documentary mention in 1215, making it likelier that the castle was built around the 12th century for the town's – and the Frankfurt-
Colognecommercial road's – security.
Also in that time came the town's first lords, the Counts of Nürings, but they were supplanted in 1239 by the Lords of Hagen-Münzenberg into whose ownership the castle went as an Imperial
fief. The Lords of Hagen-Münzenberg were in turn followed by the Lords of Bolanden-Falkenstein from 1255 to 1418, under whose rule Königstein was granted town rights in 1313. The Lords of Bolanden-Falkenstein were succeeded by the Lords of Eppstein, who were themselves followed by the Counts of Stolberg in 1535. It was they who introduced the Reformationto the area.
By 1581, Königstein belonged to the Electorate of
Mainz, which had incorporated the old County by force. Early in the 17th century, in connection with the Counterreformation, the castle was remodelled into a mighty fortress, but this newer military stronghold met its end in the French Revolutionary Warswhen the French blew it up in 1796, although this may have been unintentional. (Local legend has it that that gunpowder was hid in the castle's well, and a spark from a careless French soldier's pipe started the explosion).
In 1803, Königstein passed to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen, which itself later merged with Nassau-Weilburg to form the Duchy of Nassau. By 1866 it was in
Prussian hands, and since 1945, it has been part of Hesse. The three constituent communities mentioned herein were amalgamated with Königstein as part of Hesse's municipal reforms in 1972.
Königstein enjoyed an economic upswing from less wealthy times when the coldwater spa first opened in 1851. It reached its high point just before the
First World Warbroke out. The designation "Heilklimatischer Kurort" was granted in 1935, and is still borne by the town, and now also independently by the constituent community of Falkenstein. [http://www.koenigstein.de/sis/zubesuch/geschichte/index.html]
Represented on town council are the CDU, the SPD, the FDP and the Greens, as well as the ALK ("Aktionsgemeinschaft Lebenswertes Königstein"), a citizens' coalition. At the moment, Königstein is governed by a CDU/FDP coalition.
Coat of arms
coat of armswas conferred in 1907. It is based on a town seal from 1535. The towers stand for the old Imperial Castle ("Reichsburg"). The Lords of Bolanden-Falkenstein are remembered in the red and gold field in the upper right (upper left heraldically speaking), as are the Counts of Nürings in the black lion, and indeed the Lords of Eppstein in the three chevrons. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/dld/k/konigstt.htm]
Königstein dwellers have at their disposal a far greater than average level of buying power. In 1997-1998, their buying power index was on the order of 235.9% (compared to the national average of 100%), the highest in Hesse.
Königstein is advantageously placed for driving. By way of Federal Highways ("Bundesstraßen") B8 and B455, which meet in town at a
roundabout, Autobahnen A 66 (Frankfurt-Höchst interchange), A 661 (Oberursel interchange) and A 3 (Niedernhausen interchange) can be reached in a matter of minutes. Königstein's advantageous placement, however, brings problems, too. Rush hourtraffic, both in the morning and evening, regularly results in heavy traffic jams on the way into the roundabout. The roundabout is therefore being changed with the installation of traffic lights and other improvements to efficiency. The work is expected to last until October 2006.
The nearest airport is
Frankfurt International Airport.
By way of the Frankfurt-Königstein Railway ("Frankfurt-Königsteiner Eisenbahn" – FKE) and buslines connecting the towns to the
S-Bahnstations at Bad Soden(S3) and Kronberg (S4), Königstein is connected to Frankfurt's main railway station and the whole railwaynetwork run by the Rhine-Main Transport Network ("Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund" – RMV), and it has at its disposal stations in Königstein (main town) and Schneidhain. The Frankfurt-Königstein Railway accepts the "Bahncard 100" as fare as far as Königstein im Taunus station, but the RMV only accepts it for fare area 5000 (Frankfurt am Main "without" the airport).
Königstein im Taunus is an attractive place for business. The citizens' above-average buying power is a boon to local
retailbusinesses, the range of which is correspondingly great. Furthermore there are quite a few independent business and personnel consultants, often former managers from industry. Through the takeover of the well known German personnel consultancy Hofmann Herbold & Partner, Königstein was for years headquarters to the biggest international executive search firm Korn/Ferry. Several spinoffs brought into being by former Korn/Ferry employees are still in business in town now.
Dresdner Bankmaintains a large training and conference centre at the edge of town, which is also available to third parties. The Deutsche Bankalso has one between Falkenstein and Kronberg.
Königstein im Taunus maintains partnerships with the following towns:
Le Cannet-Rocheville, France
Le Mêle-sur-Sarthe, France(with Falkenstein)There is also a friendship agreement with:
*Flagicon|Germany Königstein in the
Culture and sightseeing
folk festivalin Königstein is the yearly "Burgfest", or Castle Festival, at the Königstein Castle ruins. Moreover, early in the year, and in the summer, further events also take place there: "Ritterturnier" ("Knights' Tournament"), "Theater auf der Burg" ("Theatre at the Castle"), as well as various musical and film events. Since 2005, the club "Stadtwache e.V." has been dabbling in a series of concerts called "Mittelalter rockt die Burg" ("Middle Ages rock the castle").
As a new open-air highlight, from 2006, the "Burgfestspiele Königstein" ("Königstein Castle Festival Games") will be held, bringing to the stage a multi-faceted cultural programme in the unique atmosphere of the ruins: ambitious concerts and
operatic and musical productions with large casts under the open sky. As well, business in the outlying communities is shaped by many festivals and activities.
The "Ritter von Königstein" ("Knights of Königstein") have committed themselves to the
Middle Agesand since 1998 have been staging a yearly Knights' Tournament with a mediaeval market at Königstein's picturesque castle ruins. The local young people who do this are supported in this endeavour by the club "Stadtwache e.V." ("Town Watch").
Furthermore, each of Königstein's constituent communities has its own sport or football club. The biggest in the whole town is "TSG Falkenstein", offering
volleyball, judo, gymnastics, athletics, "Gardetanz" (a kind of dancing popular in Germany involving dancers in old, often 18th-century, military uniforms), and football, and having more than 700 members. The most successful football club is the "1. FC-TSG Königstein" (a fusion of "1. FC Königstein" and "TSG Falkenstein"), whose first team has been plying for years in the top of the Regional Upper League ("Bezirksoberliga"). Moreover, the club has at its disposal 12 youth teams. Also, the SG ("Spielgemeinschaft" or "playing community") Schneidhain and FC Mammolshain Fußball play in Königstein, both, however, at much lower levels.
From 5 to
16 June 2006, on the occasion of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the Brazilian National Team made its home at the KempinskiHotel in Falkenstein, a five-star hoteloriginally built as an officers' retreat for Kaiser Wilhelm. The team trained at the "Altkönigblick" sport ground, "1. FC-TSG Königstein's" usual facility.
The Königstein Fanfare Corps ("Fanfarencorps Königstein") won the "Europa Musikfestival" in Rödemis in 2005 and the
Solothurner Marching Parade, in which the Königstein Fanfare Corps was the first foreign club to participate.
Königstein also has, from singing clubs to a
mandolinclub, a karateand tennisclub, and a volunteer fire brigadein every constituent community, more than 100 clubs.
Besides the town's landmark, the Königstein Castle ruins, other buildings are worth seeing, such as the historic Old Town with its Old Town Hall, and Falkenstein Castle, and the Old Town also found there. Also of interest is the "Villa Andreae" built in the 1890s and
Jürgen Schneider's headquarters from 1987 until his multi-billion-Deutsche-Mark bankruptcyin 1994, as well as Duke Adolph von Nassau's former stately home. It is now known as the "Luxemburgisches Schloss".
Architecturally important in its time was the "Haus der Begegnung" ("Meeting House") built in the 1950s. Controversial at the time, in 1977 when the baths were being built, was the blue-orange colour scheme.
At the foot of the "Burgberg" ("Castle Mountain"), surrounded by a park through which flows the Woogbach and adjoining which is the Woogbach Valley is found Saint Angela's
Ursuline Convent("Ursulinenkloster St. Angela"), founded in 1884, and owning a like-named state-recognized private school.
Königstein is likewise well known for its idyllic Old Town. Its exclusive residential areas (also in Falkenstein) are mainly marked by
Art Nouveauand its "Heimatstil"-influenced offshoots as well as 1960s Chic ( bungalows). Lot sizes, however, are not comparable to those in other towns owing to new town planning and the building plans following therefrom.
The Castle and Town Museum ("Burg- und Stadtmuseum") is found at the historic Old Town Hall ("Altes Rathaus")
There are in Königstein various schools, among them three Gymnasien: the state Taunusgymnasium (formerly Taunusschule), the private St. Angela Schule and the private Bischof-Neumann-Schule.
* Taunusgymnasium Königstein, Gymnasium
* Bischof-Neumann-Schule, private school, state-recognized
* St.-Angela-Schule, private school, state-recognized
Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Königstein (1949 - 1978)
29 April 1949, a Königstein Philosophical-Theological College was founded in Königstein as a self-standing Catholic university, and acknowledged by the Hessian state government.
Maximilian Kaller– who was the first bishop with special authority over ethnic Germans who had been driven out of lost German territories at the end of the Second World War– appointed philosophy professor Erich Kleineidamto the new institution in late May 1947 as a Professor. In 1948, he also became head of the seminary, and in 1949 Rector of the Königstein Philosophical-Theological College. Besides Kleineidam, others who taught at the ecclesiastical university were Anton Janko, Philipp Schäferand Leo Scheffczyk. Among well known graduates were Karl Gabriel, Johannes Gründeland Gerhard Pieschl.
The college produced 417 priests. It was dissolved on
15 February 1978.
For three years, from 1970 until his death in 1973, the writer and
journalist Herbert Kranz(born 4 October 1891in Nordhausen; died 30 August 1973in Braunschweig) lived here.
The book "Königstein im Taunus: Geschichte und Kunst" ("Königstein im Taunus: History and Art") by Beate Großmann-Hofmann and Hans-Curt Köster (appeared in 1998, Verlag Langewiesche [publisher] ) offers a detailed outline of the town's history, its castle and its outlying communities. It also includes a detailed catalogue of many buildings and objects worthy of protection.
Also of importance is the book "Juden in Königstein" ("Jews in Königstein") by Heinz Sturm-Godramstein (ISBN 3980079309). The former town archivist's documentation first appeared in 1983 and was reissued in 1998 almost unchanged.
There is in Königstein a comprehensive offering of health services. Besides the baths, there are various clinics, among them a
migraineclinic, a special clinic for psychosomatic illnesses, a heartclinic and a neurological clinic. The two spas of Königstein and Falkenstein have recently formed the entrance portal to Germany's first climatic healing park ("Heilklimapark").
Max Dessoir(1867 - 1947) psychologistand art historian
Franz Halder(1884 - 1972) Wehrmachtgeneral
Eduard Maurer(1886 - 1969) chemistand metallurgist(developed V2A stainless steel)
* Herbert Karl Ludwig Kranz (1891 - 1973) writer
Walter Christaller(1893 - 1969) geographer
Eugen Kogon(1903 - 1987) political scientist, writer, Antifascist
Richard Musgrave(1910 - 2007) economist
* Leo Cardinal Scheffczyk (1920 - 2005)
Jürgen Schneider(1934 - ) building speculator
Volker Reiche(1944 - ) comic stripartist
Birgit Friedmann(1960 - ) athlete
Christoph Neubronner(1960 - ) jazz pianist
Hans Zimmer(1957 - ) film composer and Oscar winner
Werenfried van Straaten(1913 - 2003) called "Speckpater" ("Bacon Father"); founder of the international relief organization "Kirche in Not/Ostpriesterhilfe"
Eva Pfaff(1961 - ) tennis player
de History and Coat of arms have their own sources.
* [http://www.koenigstein.de Königstein]
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