- Hrodna Voblast
Name = Hrodna Voblast
Englishname = Hrodna Voblast
Belarusianname = Гродзенская вобласць
Englishname2 = Grodno Oblast
Russianname = Гродненская область
Flaglink = Flag
COA = Grodno Oblast COA and Grodno Guberniya COA.png
COAlink = Coat of arms
Hrodna- 332,300 Lida- 98,200 Slonim- 51,600
Raions = 17
CityRaions = 6
Cities = 12
SMT = 21
Villages = "N/A"
PCNationaltotal1 = "N/A"
TotalArea = 25,000
LandArea = "N/A"
WaterArea = "N/A"
PCWater = "N/A"
PopRank = "N/A"
Population = 1,123,400
PCNationaltotal2 = 12.0
Density = 45
Latitude = "N/A"
Longitude = "N/A"
Width = "N/A"
Length = "N/A"
HighestPoint = Zamkovaya Mountain
HighestElev = 323
LowestPoint = Spot were the Neman crosses the country's border
LowestElev = 80
ISOCode = BY-MA
Website = region.grodno.by
Hrodna Voblast or Grodno Oblast ( _be. Гродзенская вобласць; _ru. Гродненская область) is a
voblast( province) in northwestern Belarus.
The capital -
Hrodnais the biggest city of the province. It lies on the Neman River. Hrodna is known from 1127, here on the right steepen river bank two castles of the 14th - 18th centuries are located. Many consider this city one of the most beautiful in Belarus: one of its masterpieces survived through the centuries, Orthodox"St Barys & St Hleb (Kalozhskaya) Church" dating back to the 12th century, is the second oldest in Belarus.
This region was a far west point of movement of the
Early East Slavs(tribal union Dregovichs?) on the lands of the Baltsin the 6th-9th centuries. In the 13th-14th centuries it was a centre of force of historical area known as Black Ruthenia, that with neighbouring original Duchy of Lithuaniabecame a basis for Baltic-Slavic state - Grand Duchy of Lithuania(GDL). Being a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, amounting to the GDL's Trakai Voivodshipand since 1793 already as Grodno Voivodship, it was annexed by Russian Empirein 1795, the city then became a seat for Grodno Governorate. During the World War Ithe area was occupied by Germany. When in the conditions of German occupation the Belarusian National Republicdeclared its independence from the Soviet Russia in March 1918 in Minsk, Hrodna was the last stand for the BNR's Council ("Rada") forced to emigrate before the Soviet troops captured the region in 1919. Since 1921 under the Peace Treaty of Rigathe territory belonged to Poland, but after the Soviets re-invaded here in autumn of 1939, it became a part of the USSRand since its default in 1991 - one of 6 provinces of independent Belarus.
Mir Castle Complex, a 16th century historical landmark as well as part of the Belovezhskaya Pushchanature reserve, both UNESCO World Heritage sites are located in this region.
The province covers an area of 25,000 km² and has a population of 1,146,100 (2004 estimate), giving a population density of 46/km². About 63.5% live in cities and towns, while 36.5% live in rural areas. Females account for 53% of the region's population and men 47%. There are about 310,000 children under 19, and about 240,000 people aged over 60.
Belarusians account for 62.3% of the population. The region is home to a significant minority population: Poles (24.8%), Russians (10%), Ukrainians (1.8%), Jews (0.4%), Tatars (0.2%), Lithuanians (0.2%), other nationalities (0.4%).
Whereas Belarus as a whole is primarily
Russian Orthodox, Hrodna Voblast has two major religions, Roman Catholicand Russian Orthodox. There are 449 religious communities and 18 denominations, 2 Russian Orthodox eparchial districts, 1 Orthodox nunsorority, 2 Catholic monkbrotherhoods, 1 Catholic nunsorority, 2 Orthodox and 4 Catholic monasteries, 165 Orthodox and 169 Catholic churches. The Catholic minority is made up mostly of Poles, although the identifier "Pole" has also been historically applied to Catholic Belarusians.
The Hrodna Voblast is subdivided into 17
districts( raions), 194 selsovets, 12 cities, 6 city municipalities, and 21 urban-type settlements.
Cities and towns
* Vawkavysk - 46,800
* Masty - 17,400
* Iwe - 8,900
* Astravets - "N/A"
* [http://region.grodno.by/ Hrodna Regional Executive Committee] , in Belarusian, Russian, English and Chinese
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hrodna — Infobox Settlement official name = Гродна/Hrodna nick name = other name = Гродно/Grodno imagesize = 250px image map caption = Location of Hrodna, shown within the Hrodna Voblast subdivision type = Country Subdivision subdivision name = Belarus… … Wikipedia
Hrodna — / Grodno Гродна / Гродно Géolocalisation sur la carte : Biélorussie … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Hrodna — Гродзенская вобласць Гродненская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de brest — Берасьцейская вобласьць Брестская область Fichier:Flag of Brest Voblast.svg Fichier:Coat of Arms of Brest Voblast.svg Drapeau … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Viciebsk — Voblast de Vitebsk Voblast de Vitebsk цебская вобласць Витебская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Vitebsk — Вiцебская вобласць Витебская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Homiel — Гомельская вобласць Гомельская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Moguilev — Магілёўская вобласць Могилёвская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de moguilev — Магілёўская вобласць Могилёвская область … Wikipédia en Français
Voblast de Gomel — Voblast de Homiel Voblast de Homiel Гомельская вобласць Гомельская область … Wikipédia en Français