- Tables of historical exchange rates to the USD
Listed below is a table of historical exchange rates relative to the
U.S. Dollar, the most widely traded currency in the world. [Financial Guide [http://www.financial-guide.net/markets-foreign_exchange-fx_fundamentals-page2.html FX Fundamentals] Retrieved on July 6, 2007] An exchange raterepresents the value of one currencyin another. An exchange rate between two currencies fluctuates over time. The value of a currency relative to a third currency may be obtained by dividing one U.S. dollar rate by another. For example if there are ¥120 to the dollar and €1.2 to the dollar then the number of yenper eurois 120/1.2 = 100.
The magnitude of the numbers in the list do not indicate, by themselves, the strength or weakness of a particular currency. For example the U.S. Dollar could be rebased tomorrow so that 1 new dollar was worth 100 old dollars. Then all the numbers in the table would be multiplied by one hundred, but it does not mean all the world's currencies just got weaker. However it is useful to look at the variation over time of a particular exchange rate. If the number consistently increases through time, then it is a strong indication that the economy of the country or countries using that currency are in a less robust state than that of the
United States(see e.g. the Turkish Lira). The exchange rates of advanced economies such as that Japanor Hong Kongagainst the dollar tend to fluctuate up and down, representing much shorter-term relative economic strengths, rather than move consistently in a particular direction.
The data is taken form varying times of the year or may be the average for the whole year. Some of the data for the years 1997-2002 refers to the rate on, or close to,
1 Januaryof that year. Some of the data for 2003 refers to rates on May 28 for countries beginning with A-E, and June 2 for countries listed F-Z. Exchange rates can vary considerably even within a year and so current rates may differ markedly from those shown here. Caveat lector.
Table for 1950 to 2000
Table for recent years
* [http://www.forexratestoday.com Forex Rates Today]
*Bretton Woods system for more exchange rates 1945 to 1971
*Gold standard for exchange rates around 1900 for currencies using the gold standard
* [http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca/etc/USDpages.pdf Foreign Currency Units per 1 U.S. Dollar, 1948 - 2004]
Fixed exchange rates to the euro
*ISO 4217 currency codes
* [http://www.kshitij.com/graphgallery/eurmth.shtml Historical exchange rate Dollar-ECU and Dollar-Euro from 1971 till now] Note: There was no Euro until 1999.
Historical exchange rates of Argentine currency
* [http://forex-history.net/ Historical Currency and other charts since 1999 until today]
References and acknowledgements
Some of the data in this table was originally collated for the
CIA World Factbook. The 2003 data was taken from [http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca/ Pacific Exchange Rate Service] ; which also hosts a more comprehensive database of historical rates under a fairly permissive licence. The graph back to 1969 was generated with Microsoft Excel using data from the [http://www.rba.gov.au Reserve Bank of Australia] .
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