Royal Entomological Society of London


Royal Entomological Society of London

The Royal Entomological Society of London (formerly, the Entomological Society of London) is devoted to insect study. It has a major national and international role in disseminating information about insects and improving communication between entomologists.

The Society was founded in 1833 as the Entomological Society of London. It had many antecedents beginning as the Society of Entomologists of London.

History

The foundation of the society began with a meeting of "gentlemen and friends of entomological science", held on May 3, 1833 in the British Museum convened by Nicholas Aylward Vigors with the presidency of John George Children. Those present were the Reverend Frederick William Hope, Cardale Babington, William Yarrell, John Edward Gray, James Francis Stephens, Thomas Horsfield, G. T. Rudd and George Robert Gray. Letters of Adrian Hardy Haworth, George Bennett and John Curtis were read where they expressed their regrets to be able to attend the meeting.

They decided that a society should be created for the promotion of the science of entomology in its various branches and it should be called the Entomological Society of London. J.G. Children, F.W. Hope, J.F. Stephens, W Yarrell and G Rudd were elected to form a committee, with G.R. Gray as secretary. J.G. Children became the first president and William Kirby (1759-1850) was made honorary president for life. The real date of the foundation of the society was more probably on May 22, 1833, when the members met in Thatched House Tavern, on St James's Street. During this meeting, George Robert Waterhouse (1810-1888) was elected librarian and curator of the insects and records. As of this meeting, foreign honorary members were elected: Johann Cristoph Friedrich Klug (1775-1856), Wilhem de Haan (1801-1855), Victor Audouin (1797-1841), Johann Ludwig Christian Gravenhorst (1777-1857), Christian Rudolph Wilhelm Wiedemann (1770-1840), Carl Eduard Hammerschmidt (1800-1874) and Alexandre Louis Lefèbvre de Cérisy (1798-1867). William Blandell Spence (1813-1900) received the task of maintaining of the relations with continental entomologists.Fact|date=July 2007

The society started to assemble a library, an early addition being the personal library of Adrian Hardy Haworth (1767-1833), purchased by John Obadiah Westwood (1805-1893) on behalf of the society. The insect collection also increased.

In September 1834, the society numbered 117 honorary members and 10 full members. Women were allowed membership and profited from the same rights as the men. A publication commenced in November 1834 under the title "Transactions of Entomological Society of London".

Secretary G.R. Gray resigned in the same year then and was replaced by J.O. Westwood. Under the impulse of this last entomologist, who had many functions, the society made great strides. It was in particular attended regularly by Charles Darwin (1809-1882) on his return from the voyage on H.M.S. Beagle: he became a member of the council and vice-president in 1838. J.O. Westwood left his functions in 1848 and was replaced by Edward Doubleday (1810-1849) and William Frederick Evans. They in their turn were soon replaced. In 1849, a secretary charged to collect the minutes of the meetings was named in the person of John William Douglas (1814-1905), a position he kept until 1856. He was assisted in 1851-1852 by Henry Tibbats Stainton (1822-1892), in 1853-1854 by William Wing (1827-1855), in 1855-1856 by Edwin Shepherd who then replaced J.W. Douglas in his position. Edward Wesley Janson (1822–91), a natural history agent, publisher and entomologist was Curator of the Entomological Society collections from 1850–63 and librarian from 1863–74.

Edward Mason Janson (1847-1880) took over the post of curator from Frederick Smith (1805-1879) who then left to work in the British Museum. H.T. Stainton, who was involved more and more in the life of the society, seemed to have some problems working with E.M. Janson. He was replaced by W Wing in 1852. In this year, the society moved from its building at 17, Old Bond Street to 12, Bedford Row. The following year, three of the four most responsible for the society were replaced: Edward Newman (1801-1876) took the place of J.O. Westwood as president, Samuel Stevens (1817-1899) took the place of W Yarrell as treasurer and W Wing the place of H.T. Stainton as secretary.

Presidents

*1833-1834 : John George Children (1777-1852).
*1835-1836 : Frederick William Hope (1797-1862).
*1837-1838 : James Francis Stephens (1792-1852).
*1839-1840 : Frederick William Hope
*1841-1842 : William Wilson Saunders (1809-1879).
*1843-1844 : George Newport (1803-1854).
*1845-1846 : Frederick William Hope
*1847-1848 : William Spence (1783–1860).
*1849-1850 : George Robert Waterhouse (1810-1888).
*1852-1853 : John Obadiah Westwood (1805-1893).
*1853-1854 : Edward Newman (1801-1876).
*1855-1856 : John Curtis (1791-1862).
*1856-1857 : William Wilson Saunders
*1858-1859 : John Edward Gray (1800-1875).
*1860-1861 : John William Douglas (1814-1905).
*1862-1863 : Frederick Smith (1805-1879).
*1864-1865 : Francis Polkinghorne Pascoe (1813-1893).
*1866-1867 : John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury (1834-1913).
*1868-1869 : Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892).
*1870-1871 : Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913).
*1874-1875 : William Wilson Saunders (1809-1879).
*1878- : Henry Walter Bates.
*1879-1880 : John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury.
*1881-1882 : Henry Tibbats Stainton (1822-1892).
*1883-1884 : Joseph William Dunning (1833-1897).
*1885-1886 : Robert Mac Lachlan (1837-1904).
*1887-1888 : David Sharp (1840-1922).
*1889-1890 : Lord Thomas de Grey Walsingham (1843-1919).
*1891-1892 : Frederick DuCane Godman (1834-1919).
*1893-1894 : Henry John Elwes (1846-1922).
*1895-1896 : Raphael Meldola (1849-1915).
*1897-1898 : Roland Trimen (1840-1916).
*1899-1900 : George Henry Verrall (1848-1911).
*1901-1902 : William Weekes Fowler (1849-1923).
*1903-1904 : Edward Bagnall Poulton (1856-1943).
*1905-1906 : Frederick Merrifield (1831-1924).
*1907-1908 : Charles Owen Waterhouse (1843-1917).
*1909-1910 : Frederick Augustus Dixey (1855-1935).
*1911-1912 : Francis David Morice (1849-1926).
*1913-1914 : George Thomas Bethune-Baker (1857-1944).
*1915-1916 : Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (1877-1923).
*1917-1918 : Charles Joseph Gahan (1862-1939).
*1919-1920 : James John Walker (entomologist) (1851-1939).
*1921-1922 : Lionel Walter Rothschild (1868-1937).
*1923-1924 : Edward Ernest Green (1861-1949).
*1927-1928 : James Edward Collin (1876-1968).
*1929-1930 : Karl Hermann Christian Jordan (1888-1972).
*1931-1932 : Harry Eltringham (1873-1941).

Famous members

*Alexander Henry Haliday
*John Curtis
*Francis Walker
*Robert Mac Lachlan
*Charles Darwin
*Miriam Louisa Rothschild
*Victor Antoine Signoret
*Carl August Dohrn
*Claude Morley
*Carl Barton Huffaker
*Doug Waterhouse
*Charles Thomas Bingham
*William Chapman Hewitson
*Charles Golding Barrett
*Henry Rowland-Brown
*Cynthia Longfield
*John Henry Leech
*Sergei Alphéraky

ee also

*

External links

* [http://www.royensoc.co.uk/ Royal Entomological Society of London Homepage]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=EMwEAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=transactions+entomological#PPP4,M1 Google Books] Volume 1 of the "Transactions"


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