- Blaenau Ffestiniog
infobox UK place
country = Wales
official_name= Blaenau Ffestiniog
population = 4830
constituency_westminster= Meirionnydd Nant Conwy
post_town= BLAENAU FFESTINIOG
postcode_district = LL41
map_type= location map|Wales Gwynedd|label=|position=left|float=none|long=-3.93|lat=52.99|caption=|width=190
Blaenau Ffestiniog is a small
townin Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It has a populationof 4,830 according to the United Kingdom Census 2001.
Located in the
mountains of Snowdonia, the town was once a major centre of the slate mining industry. This industry declined during the early 20th century. The town's economy is now largely dependent on tourism. Although the town is in the centre of the Snowdonia National Park, the boundaries of the Park are specifically arranged to omit the town with its substantial slate waste heaps from the Park.
The hills around Blaenau Ffestiniog form the watershed between the
River Conwyflowing to the north and the River Dwyrydflowing to the west.
Ysgol y Moelwyn is the main
secondary schoolin the area, covering Blaenau, Manod, Tanygrisiau, Llan Ffestiniog, Trawsfynydd, Gellilydan, and even stretching into the Vale of Ffestiniog. There are five primary schools in the area, many are due for closure or mergers with other schools [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/north_west/5157862.stm bbc.co.uk] ] .
Blaenau Ffestiniog is one of the poorest areas in Gwynedd, but even that managed to get the best results in North Wales. 89% passed, and second was Ysgol Botwnog with 79%. Blaenau are expected to get the worst results in Gwynedd.
Blaenau Ffestiniog boasts several major
tourist attractions, including the Ffestiniog Railway, and also the Llechwedd Slate Caverns, a former slate mine open to visitors. Llechwedd is regularly listed as one of Wales' top 5 visitor attractions [ [http://icnorthwales.icnetwork.co.uk/holidays/topten/ icnetwork.co.uk] ] .
Blaenau Ffestiniog has strong roots and tradition with music from the Quarrying boom days with the Caban,
Male voice choirs and brass bands, to the Jazz / Dance bands like ‘The New Majestics’ to the popular-rock bands of the 80-90’s such as Llwybr Llaethogand Anweledig, to most recent bands such as Gai Toms, Frizbeeand Gwybdaith Hen Fran. Further to this local Alternative Music training Company Gwallgofiaidnow has 12 + bands under its umbrella based at their Center 'Cell' at the Old Police Station in Park Square. The Centre has 5 rehearsal rooms, a 24 track studio and Cwrt performance space.
Blaenau Ffestiniog hosted the
National Eisteddfodin 1898. It was formerly part of the ancient county of Merionethshire.
The official Welsh-English pronunciation of Blaenau Ffestiniog suggested by "BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names" is IPAEng|ˈblaɪnaɪ fɛsˈtɪnjɒg [G. M. Miller (Ed), "BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names", Oxford University Press, 1971. ISBN 0-19-431125-2] but the first word is more commonly pronounced|ˈblaɪna by local Welsh speakers.
The main access route to Blaenau Ffestiniog is via the
A470 roadwhich runs from the north to the south of Wales. The A497, which runs West to East, feeds the Llŷn Peninsulainto the A487 (which runs from Bangor through Caernarfon and into Porthmadog, which in turn connects with the north-south A470. Immediately to the north of the town the A470 climbs steeply to the Crimea Passand meets the A5 at Betws-y-Coed.
At various times the town has been the terminus for four independent railway lines, each with its own station or stations:
Festiniog and Blaenau Railway
Conwy Valley Lineof the London and North Western Railway, and
Bala Ffestiniog Lineof the Great Western Railway.Today Blaenau Ffestiniog railway stationon the site of the former Great Western station serves as a combined station for the Ffestiniog Railway and the Conwy Valley line, their previous stations being no longer in use.
Noted current & former residents
David Nash (artist), artist
John Cowper Powys, novelist.
Llwybr Llaethog, musical group.
* Glyn Wise, contestant and runner up on "Big Brother 7".
Anweledig, musical group. [http://cy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anweledig (Welsh Wiki link)]
* Gwyn Thomas, Welsh
poet, academicand the present National Poet for Wales.
* Dave Felgate, footballer.
* Frizbee, Welsh Pop/Rock band. [http://cy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frizbee (Welsh Wiki link)]
* Ceryl Davies, presenter on Radio Ceredigion.
Locals divide Blaenau Ffestiniog into "parts" - among these are Tanygrisau and Manod. In this sense Blaenau Ffestiniog is sometimes used to refer only to the centre of town.
* [http://wales.info/Holidays_Wales/Attractions/Llechwedd_Slate_Caverns.asp Wales.Info Information & Details]
* [http://www.walesdirectory.co.uk/tourist-attractions/Show_Caves_Caverns_and_Mines/Wales7120.htm Walesdirectory.co.uk Top Tourist Attraction]
* [http://www.ffestiniog.org.uk/ The Ffestiniog Local website]
* [http://www.caeclyd.com/ Landscape photographs in and around Blaenau Ffestiniog]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=3079519 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Blaenau Ffestiniog and surrounding area]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Blaenau Ffestiniog — Blaenau Ffestiniog … Deutsch Wikipedia
Blaenau-Ffestiniog — Original name in latin Blaenau Ffestiniog Name in other language Blaenau Festiniog, Blaenau Ffestiniog State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.99464 latitude 3.93697 altitude 231 Population 4005 Date 2010 08 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Blaenau Ffestiniog railway station — Infobox UK station name = Blaenau Ffestiniog code = BFF caption = Blaenau Ffestiniog station is served by mainline standard gauge DMUs and narrow gauge trains of the Ffestiniog Railway manager = Arriva Trains Wales (Platform 1) / Ffestiniog… … Wikipedia
Ffestiniog-Railway — Von Porthmadog Nach Blaenau Ffestiniog Streckenlänge: 21,93 km Spurweite: 597 mm Eröffnung 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ffestiniog Railway — Streckenlänge: 21,93 km Spurweite: 597 mm 1836–1. August 1946 Wiederinbetriebnahme: 1955–1982 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ffestiniog — is a community in Gwynedd, Wales, containing several villages, in particular the settlements of Llan Ffestiniog and Blaenau Ffestiniog.Ffestiniog was a parish in the former county of Merionethshire, later becoming an urban district.On 1 April… … Wikipedia
Ffestiniog Railway — Heritage Railway name = Ffestiniog Railway caption = Two trains passing at Tan y Bwlch, c. 1900 locale = Wales terminus = Porthmadog linename = Festiniog Railway Company builtby = Festiniog Railway Company originalgauge = RailGauge|23.5… … Wikipedia
Ffestiniog railway station — Llan Ffestiniog railway station was a railway station in Llan Ffestiniog, North Wales. It opened as the terminus of the narrow gauge Festiniog and Blaenau Railway on 29 May 1868. On 1 September 1882 the standard gauge Bala Ffestiniog Line reached … Wikipedia
Rheilffordd Ffestiniog — Ffestiniog Railway Von Porthmadog Nach Blaenau Ffestiniog Streckenlänge: 21,93 km Spurweite: 597 mm Eröffnung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Festiniog and Blaenau Railway — The Festiniog Blaenau Railway was a narrow gauge railway built in 1868 to connect the town of Blaenau Ffestiniog with the slate quarries around Tanymanod and the smaller town of Llan Ffestiniog. At Blaenau Ffestiniog it made a direct connected… … Wikipedia