- Johan Lundbye
Johan Thomas Lundbye (
September 1, 1818- April 25, 1848) was a promising young Danish painter and graphic artist, known for his animal and landscape paintings who died at the age of 29. He was artistically inspired by Niels Lauritz Høyen's call to develop a Danish nationalistic art by exploring as motif the characteristic landscapes, the historical buildings and monuments, and the simple, rural people of Denmark. He became one of his generation’s national romantic painters, along with P.C. Skovgaardand Lorenz Frølich, to regularly depict the landscape of Zealand.
He was born in
Kalundborgto Joachim Theodor Lundbye and wife Catherine Bonnevie. He was sickly as a child. He studied privately under animal painter Christian Holm, and at the age of 14 he came into J.L. Lund’s drawing school and the Royal Danish Academy of Art(Danish, "Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi") in Copenhagen, where he finished in 1842. He began exhibiting in 1835, and in 1839 his painting "Parti af Dyrehaven med Hjorte og Hinde" ("View of the Deer Park with Stag and Hind") was purchased by N.L. Høyen's influential Art Union (Kunstforeningen).In the years to come he would focus his painting on depicting landscapes. His large "Kystparti ved Isefjord" ("Coast View by Isefjord") was exhibited in 1843 and purchased by the Royal Painting Collection, now the Danish National Gallery ("Statens Museum for Kunst").
He received a travel grant from the Academy in 1845, which was renewed a year later. On
June 5, 1845he left Denmark and traveled through Germany (Altona, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Mainz, Strasbourg), over the Rhine to Switzerland (Basel, Geneva) to France (Marseilles), and then to Italy, where he painted "Oxer i den romerske Kampagne" ("Oxen in the Roman Campagne"), which was exhibited in 1847 and purchased by the Royal Painting Collection.
He returned to Denmark on July 18, 1846 after a year and half. He surprised his circle of friends and announced that he was going to live in the country for a year, and took a little farm near Helsingør. The First War of Schleswig, known in Denmark as the Three Years' War ("Treårskrigen"), however broke out, and in the spring of 1848 he enlisted in the army like many other young artists.
He died eight days later on April 26, 1848. There is some question as to whether he died from an accidental shot, or whether the chronically depressed artist took his own life.
*Ostenfeld, Ib, "J. Th. Lundbye: et Stemningslivs Historie: Studier over lette manio-depressive Tilstande." 1937.
* [http://www.kid.dk/ KID Kunst Index Danmark ("Art Index Denmark")]
* [http://runeberg.org/dbl/ Danish Biographical Encyclopedia ("Dansk biografisk Leksikion")]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Johan Thomas Lundbye — (* 1. September 1818 in Kalundborg; † 26. April 1848 in der Nähe von Bedstedt) war ein dänischer Maler. Leben Lundbye wuchs in der Stadt Kalundborg auf Seeland auf. Sei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lundbye — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Johan Thomas Lundbye (1818 1848), dänischer Maler Vagn Lundbye (* 1933), dänischer Schriftsteller Siehe auch: Lundby Diese Seite ist eine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johan — Johann ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname 4.2 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dankvart Dreyer — Dankvart Dreyer, Self portrait, 1838 Born 13 June 1816(1816 06 13) Assens, Denmark … Wikipedia
Danish Golden Age — Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, Woman in front of a Mirror, 1841. French Neo Classicism transmuted into Biedermeier style. The Danish Golden Age covers the period of creative production in Denmark, especially during the first half of the 19th… … Wikipedia
Niels Laurits Høyen — Wilhelm Marstrand, Niels Laurits Høyen, 1868 Born 4 June 1798(1798 06 04) Copenhagen … Wikipedia
Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig — N. F. S. Grundtvig Portrait of N. F. S. Grundtvig in pastoral garments. Born September 8, 1783(1783 09 08) Udby, Sjælland Died … Wikipedia
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg — Christian Albrecht Jensen, The Painter C.W. Eckersberg, 1882 Born 2 January 1783(1783 01 02) Blåkrog … Wikipedia
Martinus Rørbye — Martinus Christian Wesseltoft Rørbye Martin Roerbye, engraving by Erling Eckersberg (1852) Born 17 May 1803(1803 05 17) Drammen, Norway … Wikipedia
Søren Kierkegaard — Søren Aabye Kierkegaard Sketch of Søren Kierkegaard by Niels Christian Kierkegaard, c. 1840 Full name Søren Aabye Kierkegaard Born 5 May 1813 Copenhagen, Denmark Died 11 November 1855 … Wikipedia