New Zealand environmental law

New Zealand environmental law

Environmental law in New Zealand is an increasingly well defined body of national law that has a specialist court, The Environment Court of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kooti Taiao o Aotearoa), to decide related issues.



The roots of New Zealand environmental law can be traced to the common law of Britain. The increasing environmental awareness of the 1960s led to a specific body of environmental law that developed in many Western countries including New Zealand. Environmental law became more integrated in the 1980s with the passing of the Environment Act 1987 and the Conservation Act. These Acts set up the Ministry for the Environment, Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment and the New Zealand Department of Conservation.

The most significant Act of Parliament concerning environmental law was the passing of Resource Management Act in 1991. Issues under the Act are adjudicated by the Environment Court of New Zealand.

Timeline of New Zealand environmental legislation

This timeline outlines the more significant environmental legislation in New Zealand:

  • 1903 - Scenery Preservation Act 1903
  • 1962 - Nature Conservation Council set up under the Nature Conservation Council Act 1962.
  • August 1970 - New Zealand Cabinet established the Environmental Council
  • February 1972 - Cabinet established the position of Minister of the Environment
  • August 1972 - Government creates the New Zealand Commission for the Environment
  • March 1974 - The Environmental Protection and Enhancement Procedures (EP&EP) are instituted.
  • January 1987 - Environment Act 1986 comes into force.
  • April 1987 - Conservation Act comes into force
  • October 1991 - the Resource Management Act comes into force.
  • June 1996 - Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act

See also


  • Coutts, B. 1997 A Practical Guide to Resource Consents John McIndoe, Dunedin ISBN 0-473-04592-3
  • Bosselman, K.; Grinlinton, D. 2002 Environmental Law for a Sustainable Society ISBN 0-473-08646-8
  • Wells, N. E., (editor) 1984 A Guide to Environmental Law in New Zealand, ISBN 0-86472-006-8

Further reading

  • Rob Harris, ed (2004). Handbook Environmental Law. Wellington: Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand Inc.. ISBN 0-9597851-8-3. 
  • Taylor, Rowan (1997). The state of New Zealand's environment 1997. Wellington, N.Z: Ministry for the Environment. ISBN 0-478-09000-5. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Environmental movement in New Zealand — The earliest major environmental issue in New Zealand was the prospect of raising the level of Lake Manapouri for a hydro electricity scheme. In 1969 a nation wide Save Manapouri Campaign started and was successful in preventing the lake level… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Police — Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa (Māori) Logo of the New Zealand Police. Motto Safer …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand — This article is about the country. For other uses, see New Zealand (disambiguation). NZ redirects here. For other uses, see NZ (disambiguation). New Zealand Aotearoa …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand — New Zealander. /zee leuhnd/ a country in the S Pacific, SE of Australia, consisting of North Island, South Island, and adjacent small islands: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 3,587,275; 103,416 sq. mi. (267,845 sq. km). Cap.: Wellington …   Universalium

  • New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 — New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act Parliament of New Zealand Long title/ Purpose An Act to establish in New Zealand a Nuclear Free Zone, to promote and encourage an active and effective contribu …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand English — (NZE, en NZ[1]) is the form of the English language used in New Zealand. The English language was established in New Zealand by colonists during the 19th century. The most distinctive influences on New Zealand English have come from Australian… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand National Party — Rōpū Nāhinara Leader John Key Preside …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Lottery Grants Board — Logo of the Lottery Grants Board Agency overview Jurisdiction New Zealand Minister responsible Hon. Nathan Guy, Minister of Intern …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme — See also: Climate change in New Zealand The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) is a national all sectors all greenhouse gases all free allocation uncapped emissions trading scheme. The NZ ETS was first legislated in September 2008 by… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand's nuclear-free zone — Anti nuclear movement Australia  · Austria  · Canada France  · Germany  · India Japan   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.