- Mary de Bohun
Mary de Bohun
Psalter celebrating Mary's marriage
Born c. 1368 Died 4 June 1394
Peterborough Castle, Northamptonshire
Spouse Henry Bolingbroke Children Henry V of England
Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence
John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford
Humphrey, 1st Duke of Gloucester
Blanche, Electress Palatine
Philippa, Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden
Parents Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Mary was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan Fitzalan (1347/1348-1419), the daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Through her mother, Mary was descended from Llywelyn the Great.
Mary and her elder sister, Eleanor de Bohun, were the heiresses of their father's substantial possessions. Eleanor became the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest child of Edward III. In an effort to keep the inheritance for himself and his wife, Thomas of Woodstock pressured the child Mary into becoming a nun. However, Woodstock's older brother John of Gaunt (Mary's future father-in-law) abducted her from the convent to be married to his son—the future Henry IV. This event did not help the relationship between the two brothers.
John of Gaunt had planned for the marriage between Mary and Henry to remain unconsummated until Mary was sixteen but the couple disobeyed. Consequently, Mary became pregnant at fourteen; the firstborn, a son, lived only a few days.
Marriage and children
Mary married Henry—then known as Bolingbroke and at the time not in direct line of succession to the throne—on 27 July 1380, at Arundel Castle. At the time of her marriage, Mary was perhaps little more than twelve years old.
It was at Monmouth Castle, one of her father's possessions, that Mary gave birth to her first two children, both boys. Henry, the surviving son, was later to become Prince of Wales when his father seized the throne from Richard II in 1399. On the death of his father in 1413, he became King of England as Henry V.
Her children were:
- Edward b&d. April 1382; buried Monmouth Castle, Monmouth
- Henry V of England
- Thomas, Duke of Clarence
- John, Duke of Bedford
- Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
- Blanche of England (1392–1409) married in 1402 Louis III, Elector Palatine
- Philippa of England (1394–1430) married in 1406 Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Ancestors of Mary de Bohun 16. Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford 8. Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford 17. Maud de Fiennes 4. William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton 18. Edward I of England 9. Elizabeth of Rhuddlan 19. Eleanor of Castile 2. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford 20. Gunselm de Badlesmere 10. Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere 21. Joan FitzBernard 5. Elizabeth de Badlesmere 22. Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond 11. Margaret de Clare 23. Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly 1. Mary de Bohun 24. Richard Fitzalan, 8th Earl of Arundel 12. Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel 25. Alice of Saluzzo 6. Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel 26. William de Warenne 13. Alice de Warenne 27. Joan de Vere 3. Joan Fitzalan 28. Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster 14. Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster 29. Blanche of Artois 7. Eleanor of Lancaster 30. Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly 15. Maud Chaworth 31. Isabella de Beauchamp
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