- Boughton, Cheshire
infobox UK place
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= City of Chester
Boughton is a village and the principal settlement of the civil parish of
Great Boughtonin Chester District, to the east of Chester, in Cheshire, England. Boughton is located atop the steep banks of the River Deeas it turns the meadows bend for the last time around the 'Earls Eye' before flowing into Chester.
The name 'Boughton' or 'bluestone' may have originated from the placement of a blue boundary stone (now lost) alongside the road similar to the Gloverstone which stood outside
Chester Castle.Fact|date=December 2007
The Romans were known to have used water flowing from a well in the area. The water was piped directly into the centre of the Roman fortress of Deva (present day Chester). How long this waterway operated is unknown, but by medieval times it had been either restored or rebuilt, for the use of the
Benedictine Abbey of St Werburghin Chester (later Chester Cathedral).
Water was conveyed to the fortress by the means of a lead pipeline. Part of the aqueduct was found during the construction of the Grosvenor Park Lodge.
The most surprising find to come from Boughton was a large Roman Altar standing almost four feet high. It was discovered by workmen in 1821 toppled over almost in situ in a field now lost called 'the daniels' near the present day water works. The altar was damaged by pickaxe before it was discovered what it was. The altar marked the position of the well head for the springs for the Roman Fortress. And is dedicated to the 'Nymphs and fountains of the Twentieth Legion (Legio XX Valeria Victrix)'. The inscription is on both sides and it was designed to be seen from two viewpoints. The altar was purchased privately by the
Duke of Westminsterand is now in the private grounds of Eaton Hall.
In medieval times the area was home to Spital Boughton, a community which grew around a
Leperhospital founded there in the 12th century by Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester. The word (ho)Spital gave Spital Boughton its name.The hospital operated for over 500 years and today its location is marked by the old cemetery of St Giles.
The following inscription is visible from the road:
"St Giles Cemetery. Here stood the leper hospital and chapel of St Giles. Founded early in the 12th century and endowed by successive Norman earls of Chester they remained in constant use until 1643. When defensive measures during the siege of Chester necessitated the demolition of buildings outside the city walls. The cemetery remained to mark the site and in time the little village of Spital Boughton clustered around it. In 1644 the royalist defenders suffered great loss of life in a gallant sortie in Boughton and many of the fallen were buried here. It was also used for victims of the plagues which ravaged the city in the 16th and 17th centuries. Being extra parochial the site was granted to the corporation by Charles II in 1685. As a burial ground and through for a period in the charge of St Johns parish. It remains in their hands. When Protestant martyr George Marsh was burned at the stake on gallows hill close by his ashes were collected by his friends and buried here. The last burial took place in 1854."
Another landmark in Boughton is St. Paul's Church. The church was redesigned by the famous Victorian arcitect
John Douglas, who also lived in Boughton.
George Marsh,a preacher from Bolton was martyred in Boughton by being burned at the stake on the 24th April 1555.
In 1898 Nessie Brown erected an obelisk as a memorial to him. Nessie Brown was a member of the influential Brown family of Chester, and lived in the area. The obelisk was moved to the current location after the road was widened. The inscription reads:
George Marsh born Dean Co. Lancaster. To the memory of George Marsh martyr who was burned to death near this spot for the truth sake April 24th 1551. Also John Plessington 19th July 1679. Canonised saint 25th October 1970.
Another Boughton landmark is 1-5 Christleton Road between the A41 and the A51. This building was designed for the Co-Operative society by the Cheshire architect John Douglas in 1900. A more elaborate building and a fountain were planned but not constructed.
In more recent times, Boughton was home to several industrial structures, some of which can still be seen today. The 'Lead Shot Tower', where molten lead was once dropped hundreds of metres to form perfect spheres for use as
bullets in guns, is today a landmark of the area skyline. The Shropshire Union Canal, an important means of transportation in the industrial age also passes through Boughton.
Sandy Lane (B5130) is a small road running off Christleton Road leading to Huntington and Sandy Lane Aqua Park.
Boughton is home to Chester Boughton Hall, a cricket ground where several teams play and compete in the Cheshire League and Cup. The first eleven is captained by Wicket Keeper Batsman Steve (Seamus) Ogilby who has represented Ireland.
Over the years there have been many famous cricketers who have started their careers at the Club, among them being
Curtly Ambrose, Winston Benjaminand Courtney Walsh.
Thomas Hughesauthor of ' Tom Brown's Schooldays' lived for a time in a large house overlooking the River near Barrel Well Hill.Fact|date=August 2008 John DouglasThe famous Victorian architect.Fact|date=August 2008
* [http://www.bwpics.co.uk/boughton.html A Brief History of Boughton]
* [http://www.boughtonhall.co.uk Chester Boughton Hall Cricket Club]
* [http://www.chestertourist.com/boughton.htm A History of Boughton]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Boughton — There are several places in England with Boughton in their names: *Boughton, Cheshire *Boughton, Norfolk *Boughton, Northamptonshire that gives it name to: **Boughton House, a country house in Northamptonshire **Boughton railway station planned… … Wikipedia
Cheshire West and Chester Council election, 2011 — 2008 ← 5 May 2011 → 2015 … Wikipedia
Cheshire West and Chester — Cheshire West redirects here. For the former European Parliament constituency, see Cheshire West (European Parliament constituency). Coordinates: 53°12′47″N 2°54′07″W / … Wikipedia
Cheshire County Cricket Club — is one of the county clubs which make up the Minor Counties in the English domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Cheshire and playing in the Minor Counties Championship and the MCCA Knockout Trophy. The club is based at… … Wikipedia
Cheshire West and Chester Council election, 2008 — Elections to the newly created Cheshire West and Chester Council took place on 1 May 2008. Elections occurred in all 24 wards, with each ward returning 3 councillors to the council. The wards are identical to the former Cheshire County Council… … Wikipedia
Boughton Heath — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption= latitude= 53.17 longitude= 02.86 official name =Boughton Heath population = shire district= shire county= Cheshire region= North West England constituency westminster= post town=… … Wikipedia
Boughton — This interesting name is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from any of the places called Boughton in various counties in England. Those in Cheshire and Kent, recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Bocstone and Boltone … Surnames reference
Great Boughton — is a small village to the south west of Boughton, Cheshire, it is commonly confused with Boughton itself, however is a village in its own right.coord|53|11|N|2|52|W|type:city region:GB source:openstreetmap(8087536)|display=title … Wikipedia
St Paul's Church, Boughton — St Paul s Church, Boughton, from the southeast … Wikipedia
Chester Boughton Hall Cricket Club — (often called Chester BH) is a cricket club that is based in Boughton, Chester, England. The club has 4 senior XI playing Saturday sides that compete in the Cheshire County Cricket League of which the 1st XI are in the Premier League. History… … Wikipedia