- El Agheila
El Agheila ( _ar. العقيلة) is a coastal city at the bottom of the
Gulf of Sidrain far southwestern Cyrenaica, Libya. It is currently known as Al-‘Uqaylah, and is the capital of the Municipality of the same name. But it is best known to history as the site of several World War IIbattles during the North African Campaign. In February 1941, it was taken by the British Western Desert Forcefollowing their destruction of the Italian Tenth Armyin Operation Compass. The British halted there while most of the Western Desert Force was moved to deal with the Axis's invasion of Greece. This gave the German Afrika Korps under Erwin Rommela chance to arrive and launch an offensive which retook El Agheila in March and drove the British all the way back to Tobrukand the Egyptian frontier. Rommel would further fortify the city and use it as a base for his operations (see Siege of Tobruk). After being driven back from Tobruk following Operation Crusaderin December 1941, the Afrika Korps fell back to El Agheila, halting their retreat and the British advance there.
In January 1942, Rommel launched a new offensive at El Agheila, which would again drive the British back towards Tobruk. This time he would capture Tobruk (see
Battle of Gazala) and advance into Egypt before being halted at El Alamein in July 1942 and decisively defeated there in November. The Afrika Korps was broken, and its retreating remnants gave up El Agheila for the final time to the advancing British Eighth Armyin late December 1942.
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El Agheila — … Deutsch Wikipedia
El Agheila — 30°16′N 19°12′E / 30.267, 19.2 … Wikipédia en Français
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