- Battle of Corinth (146 BC)
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Corinth
Lucius Mummius Achaicus
The Battle of
Corinthwas a battle fought between the Roman Republicand the Greek state of Corinthand its allies in the Achaean Leaguein 146 BC, that resulted in the complete and total destruction of the state of Corinth which was previously so famous for its fabulous wealth.
The 140's BC was a decade in history when the people of
Romereally proved their superiority to the rest of the known world. It was in this decade that they decided to complete their old unfinished business with the Carthaginians. By 146 BC the Romans stormed the city of Carthagelooted it and set it ablaze.Meanwhile, in Greece the Romans wanted the Greeks to know who the new force of the Mediteranean was. So they spent the spring of 146 taunting them. That winter a group of cities retaliated against Rome, thus dooming the city of Corinth. [Rubicon, Tom Holland, 2003]
The Roman consul Mummius, with 23,000 infantry and 3,500 cavalry (probably two legions plus Italian allies) with Cretans and Pergamese, advanced into the
Peloponneseagainst the revolutionary government of the Achaean League. The Achaean general Diaioscamped at Corinth with 14,000 infantry and 600 cavalry (plus probably some survivors of another army beaten earlier). The Achaeans made a successful night attack on the camp of the Roman advance guard, inflicting heavy casualties. Encouraged by this success they offered battle the next day but their cavalry, heavily outnumbered, did not wait to receive the Roman cavalry charge but fled at once. The Achaean infantry however held the legions until a picked force of 1000 Roman infantry charged their flank and broke them. Some Achaians took refuge in Corinth, but no defense was organized because Diaios fled to Arcadia. Corinth was utterly destroyed in this year by the victorious Roman armyand all of her treasures and art plundered. The annihilation of Corinth marked a severe departure from previous Roman policy in Greece and it is perhaps telling that Carthageshared a similar fate in this same year. Rome could no longer pretend that they were conquering the world in self defence. Memories of the looting of Corinth embarrassed the Romans for years to come.
While there is archeological evidence of some minimal habitation in the years afterwards,
Julius Caesarrefounded the city as Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis in 44 BCshortly before his assassination.
With Greece under Rome's control, a new chapter was added to Rome's history called the
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