- Allasani Peddana
Allasani Peddana (
Telugu:అల్లసాని పెద్దన) (15th and 16th centuries CE) was a famous Telugu poetand was ranked as the foremost of the " Astadiggajalu" the title for the group of eight poets in the court of King Krishnadevaraya, a ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Peddana is a native of
Chandragirinear Tirupathi. [cite web
last = Adluri
first = Seshu Madhava Rao
title = aShTadiggajamulu (Introduction)
publisher = mun.ca
url = http://www.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/classical/prabandha/peddana/peddana.html ] He later moved Peddanapadu, a small village located at 5 km from Yerraguntla on Yerraguntla-Vempalli road in Kadapa District, which is an Agraharam given by
Krishnadevaraya. Alternative sources say his birth place as Dornala village near the present day Bellari. [cite web
title = Allasani Peddana
publisher = vedapanditulu.net
url = http://www.vedapanditulu.net/allasanipeddana.php ] Still there are few remains around the village which strongly indicates about his presence in that area. He was a
He wrote the first major Prabandha, a form of fictional poetry in Telugu, and for this reason, he is revered as "Andhra Kavithaa Pithaamahudu" (literally "the father of telugu poetry"). It is believed that he was also a minister in the king's court and is hence sometimes referred as "Peddanaamaatya" (Etymology: Peddana + Amaatya = Peddana, the minister). He dedicated his works to king
* The emperor himself lifted and bore the weight of the palanquin in which Peddana was seated.
* He was bestowed with Kanakabhisheka by the king.
* He was the only poet who had the privilege of mounting the royal elephants.
His famous work was "Swaarochisha Manu Sambhavam" (also known as "Manu Charitra"). This work is the development of an episode in
MarkandeyaPuranam relating to the birth of Svarochishamanu, whois one of the fourteen Manus. Pravarais a pious Brahminyouth who goes to Himalayasfor Tapasya. In Himalayas Varudhini, a Gandaravagirl falls in love with him, but Pravara rejects her love. Knowing this a Gandarava youth who was earlier rejected by Varudhini assumes the form of Pravara and succeeds to win her love. To them is born Svarochisha, the father of Svarochishamanu. [cite book| first = Raju | last = P.T | coauthors =Rao | title = A Telugu Literature | location = India | publisher = Onal Book House | year = | isbn = ]
Some of his other famous works such as "Harikathaasaaramu" are untraceable now.
The theme for his "Manu Charitra" is a short story from
Markandeya Purana. It is about second "Manu" of fourteen manus(fathers of mankind societies according to Hindumythology), translated into telugu from Sanskrit by Marana (1291-1323) [cite web
last = Adluri
first = Seshu Madhava Rao
title = allasAni peddana
publisher = mun.ca
url = http://www.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/classical/prabandha/peddana/peddana1.html ] , disciple of
Tikkana. The original story was around 150 poems and Peddana extended into six chapters with 600 poems by adding fiction and descriptions.His work was treated as one of the Pancha Kavyas, the five best works in Telugu. Peddana used a mix of words from Telugu and Sanskritand a small number of Kannada and Urdu words.
Awards and Titles
* He was honoured with Title "Andhra Kavita Pitamaha" by
Srinatha, the first telugu Prabandha writer.
* [http://www.maganti.org/page5.html A Great Compilation of Telugu poets / poetesses]
* [http://www.inca.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/classical/prabandha/peddana/peddana.html Peddana Allasani]
* [http://www.inca.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/classical/prabandha/peddana/peddana1.html Peddana style]
* K.A. Nilakanta Sastry, History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, 1955, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002) ISBN 0-19-560686-8
* [http://www.tlca.com/youth/golden-age.html Golden age of Telugu Literature]
* [http://www.ourkarnataka.com/states/history/historyofkarnataka47.htm Literary activity in Vijayanagara Empire]
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