- Jericho, Oxford
Jericho is a historic suburb of the English city of
Oxford. It consists of the streets bounded by the Oxford Canal, Worcester College, Walton Streetand Walton Well Road. Located outside the old city wall, it was originally a place for travellers to rest if they had reached the city after the gates had closed. The name Jericho may have been adopted to signify this 'remote place' outside the wall. [Stalker, Peter. [http://www.pstalker.com/echo/m_hist.html A brief history of Jericho] (Jericho Echo)]
The area was originally an industrial area which grew up because of the presence of the
Oxford Canal, which arrived in 1790. The Eagle Ironworks(now being redeveloped), wharves and the Oxford University Presswere based there and its residential streets are mostly 'two-up, two-down' Victorian workers' houses. With backstreets of nineteenth century terraced housingand many restaurants, it has become a hugely popular location for studentand Londoncommuter accommodation.
In the 1950s, Jericho was briefly a red light area, and in the early 1960s there were plans to demolish it and replace it with light industrial units and new housing. However, many people objected and campaigned to save this historic area, rallied by local city councillor Olive Gibbs and the Jericho Residents Association. As a result the plans were changed. Although the houses beyond repair were demolished many were upgraded in the late 1960s and early 1970s with the help of council grants. This encouraged many young professionals and families to move in and subsequently Jericho became one of Oxford's most sought-after areas.
Jericho continues to have a strong community spirit. The Jericho Community Association runs the Jericho Community Centre [ [http://www.jerichocentre.org.uk/ Jericho Community Centre] ] in Canal Street, publishes the local newspaper the "Jericho Echo" [ [http://www.jerichoecho.org.uk/ Jericho Echo] ] and organizes the annual Street Fair which is held in mid-June each year, around the feast day of the patron saint
Barnabas(11 June). It is also the focus for other community activities and has also been very active in campaigning for responsible development of the canalside land behind St. Barnabas Church on a small part of which it plans to build a new Community Centre.
With its gentle biblical name, Jericho is also known for its iconic places of worship. The
Anglo-CatholicSt Barnabas Church [ [http://www.sbarnabas.org.uk/ St Barnabas Church Website] ] is the Church of Englandparish church in Jericho, next to the Oxford Canal. St. Sepulchre's Cemeterylies off Walton Street, although there is no associated church. The Albert Street Chapel [ [http://www.albertstreetchapel.org.uk/ The Albert Street Chapel website] ] ( Reformed Baptist) is also in the neighbourhood. The Oxford Synagogue (one of the few in England with more than one denomination of Judaism worshipping in the same house) and the Oxford Jewish Centre [ [http://www.oxford-synagogue.org.uk/ Oxford Synagogue] ] are located in Jericho.
Castlemill Boatyard is a 160-year-old
wharfon the canal in Jericho, owned by British Waterwaysand now closed. There are controversial plans to sell the site. Since the yard's closure of the yard, Jericho Community Boatyard Ltd has been set up to restore services for Oxford Boaters and protect the future of Castlemill Boatyard Fact|date=February 2007.
The cinema has had a number of incarnations. It started in from 1913 as the North Oxford Kinema. In the 1925 it was renamed the Scala, then in 1970 it was split in two and became Studios 1 and 2, one of which showed soft-porn. In 1977 the cinema revived again after being taken over by the London company Contemporary Entertainments and acquired its current name, the Phoenix, showing first-run and
Jericho in fiction
Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscurehas a scene set in St Barnabas Church, and it is possible that the suburb nicknamed 'Beersheba' in the novel is actually Jericho [ [http://www.pstalker.com/echo/f_50e.html Jericho Echo] ] . As a homage to Hardy, in 1996, one of Jericho's pubs was renamed Jude the Obscure.
The first episode of the long running ITV drama series
Inspector Morse, starring British actor John Thawcalled "The Dead of Jericho", was partially filmed in the streets of Jericho, notably Combe Road (which is 'Canal Reach' in the drama). It also featured the exterior of the 'Bookbinders Arms' pub on the corner of Victor Street. The spin-off show "Lewis" is also based around the same area. Philip Pullmanset parts of his novels "Northern Lights" and " Lyra's Oxford" in Jericho. In the books, Jericho is home to the water-dwelling "Gyptians". He has been a vocal advocate of the residential boaters' fight to save the Castlemill Boatyard [ [http://www.portmeadow.org/ Portmeadow.org] ] .
* [http://oxford.openguides.org/wiki/?Locale_Jericho The Oxford Guide: Jericho]
* [http://www.jerichoecho.org.uk/ Jericho Echo]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jericho (Oxford) — Walton Street, Jericho Jericho ist ein Stadtteil von Oxford. Jericho wird im Westen begrenzt vom Oxford Canal, im Süden vom Stadtzentrum, im Osten von der Woodstock Road und im Norden vom Stadtteil Summertown. Als Hauptstraße durchzieht die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jericho (Begriffsklärung) — Jericho ist der Name folgender Orte: Jericho in Palästina Jericho (Oxford), Stadtteil von Oxford in England in den Vereinigten Staaten: Jericho (Arkansas) Jericho (Indiana) Jericho (New Jersey) Jericho (New York) Jericho (North Carolina) Jericho… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oxford Canal — Oxford Kanal in Jericho (Oxford) Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Überblick 2 Geschichte 3 Der Oxford Kanal heute … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jericho (disambiguation) — Jericho is an ancient city in the West Bank, with historical and Biblical significance, particularly in regards to the Battle of Jericho.Jericho or Jerico may also refer to:Mediain television: * Jericho (US TV series), a 2006 post apocalyptic… … Wikipedia
Oxford-Kanal — in Jericho (Oxford) Verlauf des Oxford Kanals … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oxford Shul — Oxford Synagogue redirects here. For the synagogue in Oxford, England, see Jericho, Oxford. File:Oxfordshulinterior.jpg The Oxford Shul is situated in Riviera, Johannesburg, near the suburbs of Saxonwold, Houghton and Killarney. It has been in … Wikipedia
Oxford — This article is about the city of Oxford in England. For other cities and other meanings, see Oxford (disambiguation). Oxford City … Wikipedia
Jericho Tavern — The Jericho Tavern is a music venue pub in the Jericho area of Oxford at 56 Walton Street. In the late 1980s and early 1990s it was an important part of the music scene which spawned Ride, Radiohead and Supergrass. [cite web… … Wikipedia
Oxford Canal — The Oxford Canal as seen from Napton on the Hill in Warwickshire The Oxford Canal is a 78 mile long (126 km) narrow canal in central England linking Oxford with Coventry via Banbury and Rugby. It connects with the River Thames at Oxford, to… … Wikipedia
Oxford West and Abingdon (UK Parliament constituency) — Oxford West and Abingdon County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Oxford West and Abingdon in … Wikipedia