Sangolli Rayanna


Sangolli Rayanna

Sangolli Rayanna (Kannada ಸಂಗೊಳ್ಳಿ ರಾಯಣ್ಣ )(B: 15-Aug-1798ndash D: 26-Jan-1831) was a prominent freedom fighter from Karnataka, India. He fought the British till his death. He was the army chief of the Kingdom of Kittur ruled at the time by Rani Chennamma. Rayanna was born in the small village of Sangolli, he belonged to the Kuruba Gowda caste and hence a warrior. A film was made on his life and achievements.

Kittur War

When the British wanted to secede the kingdom to their empire by putting forward the doctrine of lapse as Rani Chennamma’s son was adopted, the queen refused to secede her kingdom after her husband’s death. Aided by Rayanna, she fought British bravely but was defeated and imprisoned.

Rayannas Guerrilla War

Sangolli Rayanna continued to fight the British. His land was confiscated, and of what remained of it was heavily taxed. He taxed the landlords and built up an army from the masses. He used guerrilla tactics to attack government property; burnt land records and extracted huge sums of money from notorious landlords and bureaucrats. Rayanna is considered by many historians as the pioneer of guerrilla warfare in India. He continued this warfare till 1829.

The landlords along with the British forced his father in law Laxman to cheat Sangolli Rayanna. When Rayanna was having a bath, the British army attacked. By that time Rayanna's sword was in Laxman's hand. When Rayanna asked him to give the sword, Laxman gave it to British army and they arrested Rayanna and hanged.

Finally, he was captured by treachery and hanged in Nandagad in Belgaum district. At the time of being hanged he said "My last wish is to be born again in the country to fight against the British and drive them away from our sacred soil".

Ballads

The famous Gee Gee songs(Ballad) are heroic verses composed on Kittur Chennamma, Sangolli Rayanna and other valiant characters from the noble stock of pre-independence Karnataka.

External links

* [http://www.anukriti.net/tt/how_does.asp Ballad of Rayanna]
* [http://www.webindia123.com/karnataka/ART/music4.htm Ballad]
* [http://www.ourkarnataka.com/glankesh/sangolli1.htm Kannada Article]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dhangar — For the town in Sagar district, India, see Dhangar, Madhya Pradesh. The Dhangar (Sanskrit/Devanāgarī: धनगर, or Dhangad, Dhanpal.[1] ) caste is primarily located in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Dhangars of the Northern and Southern India are… …   Wikipedia

  • Darshan (actor) — ದರ್ಶನ್ ತೂಗುದೀಪ Darshan Thoogudeepa Born Darshan Thoogudeepa February 16, 1977 (1977 02 16) (age 34) Mysuru, Karnataka, India Other names …   Wikipedia

  • List of people of North Karnataka — Contents 1 Introduction 2 Law and Justice 3 Historical 3.1 Mathematics 4 Literature …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma — Admiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable The Earl Mountbatten of Burma KG GCB OM GCSI GCIE GCVO DSO PC FRS …   Wikipedia

  • Jawaharlal Nehru — 1st Prime Minister of India …   Wikipedia

  • Karnataka — This article is about the Indian state. For the progressive rock music group, see Karnataka (band). Karnataka ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ    …   Wikipedia

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi — Gandhi redirects here. For other uses, see Gandhi (disambiguation). Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi …   Wikipedia

  • Swami Vivekananda — This article is about the chief Indian disciple. For the 1998 film, see Swami Vivekananda (film). Swami Vivekananda স্বামী বিবেকানন্দ स्वामी विवेकानन्द Swami Vivekananda in 1893 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Sarojini Naidu — Sarojini Born Sarojini Chattopadhyaya 13 February 1879(1879 02 13) Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, India Died 2 March 1949(1949 03 02) (aged 70) Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • B. R. Ambedkar — Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Ambedkar delivering a speech to a rally at Yeola, Nashik, on 13 October 1935 Born 14 April 1891(1891 04 14) Mhow, Central Provinces …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.