First Chinese domination (History of Vietnam)

First Chinese domination (History of Vietnam)

The first Chinese domination was one of the first phases in Vietnamese history, during which the Vietnamese people repeatedly defended their country against Chinese expansion from the north.

Was the Trieu dynasty a period of Chinese domination?

There is a dispute as to whether the period of the Trieu dynasty was part of the first Chinese domination of Vietnam. See Trieu dynasty for details.

After the Trieu dynasty

In 111 BC, the Han Dynasty armies defeated the successors of Zhao Tuo (Vietnamese: Triệu Đà), the founder of Nam Việt (Nanyue), and incorporated this country into the Han empire, dividing the former kingdom into nine commanderies: [ [ Google Books result] ]

#Nanhai (; Vietnamese: Nam Hải; located in Lingnan, modern central Guangdong)
#Hepu (; Vietnamese: Hợp Phố; located in Lingnan, modern southern coastal Guangxi)
#Cangwu (; Vietnamese: Thương Ngô; located in Lingnan, modern eastern Guangxi)
#Yulin (/; Vietnamese: Uất Lâm; located in Lingnan, probably Guilin, modern northeastern Guangxi)
#Zhuya (; Vietnamese: Châu Nhai; located on Hainan)
#Dan'er (; Vietnamese: Đạm Nhĩ; located on Hainan),
#Jiaozhi (; Vietnamese: Giao Chỉ; located in northern Vietnam and part of southern Guangxi)
#Jiuzhen (; Vietnamese: Cửu Chân; probably located in central Vietnam)
#Rinan (; Vietnamese: Nhật Nam; probably located in central Vietnam)

All nine districts were administered from Long Biên, near modern Hanoi. [Taylor 63]

The Hans were anxious to extend their control over the fertile Red River Delta, in part to serve as a convenient supply point for Han ships engaged in the growing maritime trade with South and Southeast Asia. During the first century or so of Chinese rule, Vietnam was governed leniently, and the Lạc lords maintained their feudal offices. In the first century A.D., however, the Han Dynasty intensified its efforts to assimilate its new territories by raising taxes and instituting marriage reforms aimed at turning Vietnam into a patriarchal society more amenable to political authority.

In response to increased Chinese domination, a revolt broke out in Giao Chỉ, Cửu Chân, and Nhật Nam in 39, led by Trưng Trắc, the wife of a Lạc lord named Thi Sách who had been put to death by Tô Định governor of Giao Chỉ, and her sister Trưng Nhị. The Trưng Sisters took over 65 cities. The two sisters were crowned the queens of Vietnam in 40, ending the first Chinese domination of Vietnam.



* Taylor, Keith Weller. (1983). The Birth of Vietnam. ISBN 0-520-07417-3

External links

* [ Vietnam]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fourth Chinese domination (History of Vietnam) — The fourth Chinese domination was a period of the history of Vietnam, from 1407 to 1427, upon which, the country was ruled by the Ming Dynasty administration. Administration and governmentUpon completing total control of Đại Ngu, the Chinese Ming …   Wikipedia

  • Second Chinese domination (History of Vietnam) — The Second Chinese domination of Vietnam saw China strengthen its control over the region. The area came under Chinese control in the late Han Dynasty in 43 and was ruled by Chinese governors. Even with the fall of the Eastern Han Dynasty in 220 …   Wikipedia

  • Third Chinese domination (History of Vietnam) — The Third Chinese domination of Vietnam saw two Chinese imperial dynasties rule over the Chinese controlled region of Chiaozhou (, Vietnamese: Giao Châu; an area of northern Vietnam roughly corresponding to the modern Hanoi).From 602 618, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese domination of Vietnam — In the history of Vietnam, there have been four historical periods of Chinese domination: the first Chinese domination (207 BC–39); the second Chinese domination (43–544); the third Chinese domination (602–905); the fourth Chinese domination… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Vietnam — The history of Vietnam begins around 2,700 years ago. Successive dynasties based in China ruled Vietnam directly for most of the period from 111 BC until 938 when Vietnam regained its independence.cite book |last=Kenny |first=Henry J. |year=2002… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnam — History of Vietnam Hồng Bàng dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese invasions of Vietnam — History of Vietnam Hồng Bàng dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Vietnamese — or Vietnamese Chinese may have several uses. Common colloquial uses are included here, including those which may be incorrect. Language Sino Vietnamese vocabulary, Chinese derived vocabulary in the Vietnamese language Hán Tự, classical Chinese… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Mongolia — This article is part of a series Ancient History …   Wikipedia

  • Vietnam — /vee et nahm , nam , vyet , vee it /, n. 1. Official name, Socialist Republic of Vietnam. a country in SE Asia, comprising the former states of Annam, Tonkin, and Cochin China: formerly part of French Indochina; divided into North Vietnam and… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.