- First Chinese domination (History of Vietnam)
The first Chinese domination was one of the first phases in
Vietnamese history, during which the Vietnamese people repeatedly defended their country against Chinese expansion from the north.
Was the Trieu dynasty a period of Chinese domination?
After the Trieu dynasty
111 BC, the Han Dynastyarmies defeated the successors of Zhao Tuo(Vietnamese: Triệu Đà), the founder of Nam Việt(Nanyue), and incorporated this country into the Han empire, dividing the former kingdom into nine commanderies: [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=PoDFdOstSNwC&pg=RA1-PA236&lpg=RA1-PA236&dq=Jiaozhi+Jiuzhen+Rinan+hepu&source=web&ots=RIYCpo47JE&sig=uKsyxRi2JKp-7djr9VS3tPCGhi8&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result Google Books result] ]
#Nanhai (; Vietnamese: Nam Hải; located in
Lingnan, modern central Guangdong)
#Hepu (; Vietnamese: Hợp Phố; located in Lingnan, modern southern coastal
#Cangwu (; Vietnamese: Thương Ngô; located in Lingnan, modern eastern Guangxi)
Yulin(/; Vietnamese: Uất Lâm; located in Lingnan, probably Guilin, modern northeastern Guangxi)
#Zhuya (; Vietnamese: Châu Nhai; located on
#Dan'er (; Vietnamese: Đạm Nhĩ; located on
#Jiaozhi (; Vietnamese: Giao Chỉ; located in northern Vietnam and part of southern Guangxi)
Jiuzhen(; Vietnamese: Cửu Chân; probably located in central Vietnam)
Rinan(; Vietnamese: Nhật Nam; probably located in central Vietnam)
All nine districts were administered from Long Biên, near modern
Hanoi. [Taylor 63]
The Hans were anxious to extend their control over the fertile
Red River Delta, in part to serve as a convenient supply point for Han ships engaged in the growing maritime trade with South and Southeast Asia. During the first century or so of Chinese rule, Vietnam was governed leniently, and the Lạc lords maintained their feudal offices. In the first century A.D., however, the Han Dynasty intensified its efforts to assimilate its new territories by raising taxes and instituting marriage reforms aimed at turning Vietnam into a patriarchal society more amenable to political authority.
In response to increased Chinese domination, a revolt broke out in Giao Chỉ, Cửu Chân, and Nhật Nam in
39, led by Trưng Trắc, the wife of a Lạc lord named Thi Sáchwho had been put to death by Tô Địnhgovernor of Giao Chỉ, and her sister Trưng Nhị. The Trưng Sisterstook over 65 cities. The two sisters were crowned the queens of Vietnam in 40, ending the first Chinese domination of Vietnam.
* Taylor, Keith Weller. (1983). The Birth of Vietnam. ISBN 0-520-07417-3
* [http://www.adoptionworld.org/vietnam/viet5.html Vietnam]
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