Tell


Tell

Tell, tel or tall ( _ar. تلّ, "tall", and _he. תֵּל, "tel"), meaning "hill" or "mound", is a type of archaeological site in the form of an earthen mound that results from the accumulation and subsequent erosion of material deposited by long human occupation. A tell mostly consists of architectural building materials containing a high proportion of stone, mudbrick, or loam as well as (to a minor extent) domestic refuse. The distribution of this phenomenon spans from the Indus valley in the east to Central Europe in the west. There are about 50,000 visible tells in the Middle East, a testament to the long settlement of the area.

The word is commonly used as a general term in archeology, particularly in Near Eastern archaeology. It is also sometimes used in a toponym, that is, as part of a town or city name, the best known example being the city of Tel Aviv (Hebrew, "Hill of [the season] Spring"), although Tel Aviv doesn't actually rest on a tell. A modern city is often located next to an ancient mound with a similar "tell" name, for example the city of Arad, Israel, is a few kilometers away from an ancient mound called Tel Arad. A proper use is in the case of the Tell of Akka, a hillock on which the actual city of Akka is situated.

Occasionally the word "tell" is misapplied to a site whose form does not warrant the designation. The site of Amarna in middle Egypt, frequently misnamed "Tell el-Amarna", is the best example of such an error; or the Tell Atlas ( _ar. الاطلس التلي) mountains in the Maghreb, whose naming is unrelated to the word "Tell".

The Turkish word for tell is "höyük", as in Çatalhöyük, or "tepe". [ [http://dictionary.com/search?q=tepe Dictionary.com: Tepe] ] [ [http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?root=config&morpho=0&basename=dataalt urcet&first=1836 Starling.ru Turkic Etymology: Tepö] ] Toponyms indicating settlement mounds in the Balkans are often translated as "grave": "magoula" or "toumba" (because small tells can be confused with burial mounds) in Thessaly and Macedonia. The word "mogila" is used in Bulgaria, "gomila" in Slovenia, and "magura" in Romania.

References


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  • tell — tell …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • tell — W1S1 [tel] v past tense and past participle told [təuld US tould] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(communicate something)¦ 2¦(show something)¦ 3¦(what somebody should do)¦ 4¦(know)¦ 5¦(recognize difference)¦ 6 tell yourself something 7¦(warn)¦ 8¦(tell somebody about… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • tell — [ tel ] (past tense and past participle told [ tould ] ) verb *** ▸ 1 give information ▸ 2 order/advise to do something ▸ 3 recognize something ▸ 4 have clear effect ▸ 5 fail to keep secret ▸ 6 count something ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) transitive to give… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Tell Me — may refer to:In music: * Tell Me (Diddy song), with Christina Aguilera * Tell Me (Hide song) * Tell Me (Melanie B song) * Tell Me (Billie Myers song) * Tell Me (Bobby Valentino song) * Tell Me (White Lion song) * Tell Me (Wonder Girls song) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Tell — (t[e^]l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Told} (t[=o]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Telling}.] [AS. tellan, from talu tale, number, speech; akin to D. tellen to count, G. z[ a]hlen, OHG. zellen to count, tell, say, Icel. telja, Dan. tale to speak, t[ae]lle to count …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tell Me — Single par Diddy featuring Christina Aguilera extrait de l’album Press Play Sortie 7 novembre, 2006 (U.S.) 14 novembre, 2006 (Allemagne) 11 décembre 2006 (Royaume Uni) Enregistrement 2006 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tell Me — «Tell Me» Сингл Diddy при участии Кристи …   Википедия

  • tell — [ tɛl ] n. m. • 1866; mot ar. « colline » ♦ Archéol. Colline artificielle, tertre ou tumulus formé par des ruines. « les premières cités édifiées sur les “tells” surhaussés par la ruine des villages précédents » (Leroi Gourhan). ⊗ HOM. Tel. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tell me — «Tell Me» Sencillo de Diddy featuring Christina Aguilera del álbum Press Play Formato Descarga digital, CD single Género(s) Hip hop, R B Duración 4:05 …   Wikipedia Español

  • tell — tell1 [tel] vt. told, telling [ME tellen < OE tellan, lit., to calculate, reckon < Gmc * taljan > Ger zahl, number: see TALE] 1. to enumerate; count; reckon [to tell time] 2. to give an account of (a story, etc.) in speech or writing 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • Tell — bezeichnet: Tell (Poker), bestimmte körpersprachliche und unbewusste Signale beim Poker Tell (Tunesien), der östliche Ausläufer des algerischen Saharaatlas in Tunesien Tell Qeni, der Gipfel des Dschebel ad Duruz im Hauran Gebiet in Syrien Tell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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