- Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York
Edward of Norwich Duke of York; Duke of Aumale Duke of York Predecessor Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke Successor Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke Spouse Philippa de Mohun House House of York Father Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York Mother Infanta Isabella of Castile Born 1373
Died 25 October 1415(aged c. 41-42)
Sir Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, 2nd Earl of Cambridge, Earl of Rutland, Earl of Cork, Duke of Aumale KG (1373 – 25 October 1415) was a member of the English royal family who died at the Battle of Agincourt.
Edward is thought to have been born in Norwich. He was close to his cousin King Richard II, and was created Earl of Rutland (for the term of his father's life) by him in 1390, Earl of Cork (Ireland) in about 1394, and then Duke of Aumale in 1397. This association put him out of favour after the accession of King Henry IV, and he was deprived of his Dukedom. In 1400 he participated in a conspiracy against Henry IV, but betrayed the conspirators to the king. In 1402 he succeeded his father as Duke of York; the Earldom of Rutland, by its charter, then became extinct, although he continued to sign himself as Earl of Rutland. He married a widow, Philippa de Mohun, but there were no children from their marriage.
Edward wrote “The Master of Game”, a translation of the most famous of the hunting treatises of the Middle Ages, the “Livre de Chasse” of Gaston Phoebus, Count de Foix, adding five chapters of his own.
Edward took part in King Henry V's war on France and died at the Battle of Agincourt, the major English casualty in that battle. Although his death is depicted by Shakespeare and his adapters as an act of heroism, it was in fact more of an accident: like many of the French knights, he was unable to remain upright when unhorsed in the fray and effectively died of suffocation under a pile of other men and horses.
On his death, the dukedom did not immediately pass to his nephew, Richard Plantagenet, as Richard's father Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, had been attainted for treason, but the younger Richard was eventually restored to the Dukedom.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
As a grandson, in the male line, of the sovereign, Edward bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent 3-point, per pale Castile and Leon. Upon his father's death in 1402, Edward inherited his arms, which were those of the kingdom, differentiated by a label argent of three points, each bearing three torteaux gules.
Legal offices Preceded by
The Earl of Kent
Justice in Eyre
South of Trent
The Duke of Gloucester
Peerage of England New creation Duke of Aumale
Deprived Preceded by
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke
Duke of York
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke
Edmund of Langley (1385–1402) · Edward of Norwich (1402–1415) · Richard Plantagenet (1415-1460) · Edward of York (1460-1461) · Richard of Shrewsbury (1474-1483) · Henry (1494-1509) · Charles (1605-1625) · James (1633/1644-1685) · Ernest Augustus (1716-1728) · Edward (1760-1767) · Frederick (1784-1827) · George (1892-1910) · Albert (1920-1936)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
York, Edward of Norwich, 2nd duke of — ▪ English noble born c. 1373, , Norwich?, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 25, 1415, Agincourt, Fr. Yorkist who led a checkered career in the reigns of Richard II of England and the usurper Henry IV. Son of the 1st Duke of York, he was… … Universalium
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Edmund of Langley title =Duke of York imgw = 180px spouse =Isabella, Duchess of York issue =Edward, Duke of York Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge Constance of York titles =The Duke of York royal house… … Wikipedia
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Richard Plantagenet title =Duke of York imgw = 190px succession =Duke of York predecessor =Edward of Norwich successor =Edward Plantagenet spouse =Cecily Neville, Duchess of York issue =Joan of York Anne of… … Wikipedia
Duke of Rutland — Earl of Rutland and Duke of Rutland are titles in the peerage of England, derived from Rutland, a county in the East Midlands of England. The Earl of Rutland was elevated to the status of Duke in 1703 and the titles were merged. the Arms of the… … Wikipedia
Duke of Albemarle — The Dukedom of Albemarle has been created twice in the Peerage of England, each time ending in extinction. Additionally, the title was created a third time by James II in exile and a fourth time by his son the Old Pretender, in the Jacobite… … Wikipedia
York House, Strand — York House in the Strand in London was one of a string of mansions which once stood along the route from the City of London to the royal court at Westminster. It was built as the London home of the Bishops of Norwich not later than 1237, and… … Wikipedia
Edward Maltby — (6 April, 1770 3 July, 1859) was an English clergyman of the Church of England. He became Bishop of Durham, controversial for his liberal politics, for his slightly naive ecumenism, and for the great personal wealth that he amassed.Early… … Wikipedia
Edward Coke — This article is about the seventeenth century jurist. For other uses, see Edward Coke (disambiguation). Sir Edward Coke … Wikipedia
Norwich Cathedral — For the Catholic Cathedral in Norwich, see St John the Baptist Cathedral, Norwich. Norwich Cathedral Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity Spire and south transept … Wikipedia
Issue of Edward III of England — Edward III of England is often described as the ancestor of the British upper middle class [ Burke s Presidential Families of the USA , 1981] through his sons John of Gaunt, Lionel of Antwerp, Edmund of Langley and Thomas of Woodstock. All of… … Wikipedia