The Foxtrot (also: "Fox trot", "foxtrot", "fox trot") is a
ballroom dancewhich takes its name from its inventor, the vaudeville actor Harry Fox.
According to legend, he was unable to find single female
dancers capable of performing the more difficult two-step. As a result, he added stagger steps (two trots), creating the basic Foxtrot rhythmof slow-slow-quick-quick. The dance was premiered in 1914, quickly catching the eye of the talented husband and wife duo Vernon and Irene Castle, who lent the danceits signature grace and style.
"Get Together; Fox trot", however, had been published in 1905. [cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/hasm.n0542/|title=Get together; Fox trot|accessdate=2008-09-10]
W.C. Handy("Father of the Blues") notes in his autobiography that Noble Sissletold a story that Handy's Memphis Blues was the inspiration for the Fox Trot. Jim Europe, the Castle's music director, would play slowly the Memphis Blues during breaks from the fast paced Castle Walk and One-step. The Castles were intrigued by the rhythm and Jim asked why they didn't create a slow dance to go with it. The Castles introduced the "Bunny Hug" in a magazine article. They went abroad and in mid-ocean sent a wireless to the magazine to change the "Bunny Hug" to the "Foxtrot." [Father of the Blues by William Christopher Handy. 1941 MacMillan page 226 no ISBN in this edition]
It was later standardized by
Arthur Murray, in whose version it began to imitate the positions of Tango.
At its inception, the Foxtrot was originally danced to
ragtime. Today, the dance is customarily accompanied by the same big bandmusic to which swing is also danced.
From the late teens through the 1940s, the foxtrot was certainly the most popular fast dance and the vast majority of records issued during these years were foxtrots. The
waltzand tango, while popular, never overtook the foxtrot. (Even the popularity of the lindy hop in the 1940s didn't dent the foxtrot because the foxtrot could be danced to those lindy hop records, as well.)
rock and rollfirst emerged in the early 1950s, record companies were uncertain as to what style of dance would be most applicable to the music. Famously, Decca Recordsinitially labelled its rock and roll releases as "Fox trots", most notably " Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley and His Comets. Since that recording, by some estimates, went on to sell more than 25 million copies, "Rock Around the Clock" is technically the biggest-selling "Foxtrot" of all time.
Over time, Foxtrot split into slow (Foxtrot) and quick (
Quickstep) versions. In the slow category, further distinctions exist between the International or English style of foxtrot and the continuity American style, both built around a slow-quick-quick rhythm at the slowest tempo, and the social American style using a slow-slow-quick-quick rhythm at a somewhat faster pace.
In the context of International Standard category of ballroom dances, for some time Foxtrot was called Slow Foxtrot, or Slowfox. These names are still in use, to distinguish from other types of Foxtrot.
(for the International or English style foxtrot)
* Three Step
* Feather Step
* Natural Turn
* Reverse Turn
* Closed Impetus
* Natural Weave
* Basic Weave
* Closed Telemark
* Open Telemark
* Hover Feather
* Hover Telemark
* Hover Cross
* Open Impetus
Social Foxtrot, which is also known as the Rhythm Foxtrot (also called Slow Rhythm) is often taught to beginners of ballroom dancing, and can be danced to the same music as Slow Foxtrot. It is seen as a very 'useful' dance as, unlike Slow Foxtrot, is easy to learn and can be danced on a crowded dance floor in social situations. The dance uses a standard closed Ballroom Hold, and the forward and back basic moves are:
The dance starts with the man facing the wall, and progresses anti-clockwise around the dance floor, along the
line of dance. Note that each figure (e.g. forward and back basics shown above) only takes three beats (SSQQ) whilst danced to four-beat music. This is common to many ballroom dances, which are thereby danced 'across the bars'; this adds to the interest and musicality of the dances.
The social foxtrot may be danced to music with a wide range of styles and tempo (e.g. quickstep and even jive music), making it very versatile.
* [http://foxtrot.ucan2.com/ Foxtrot Videos]
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