Rolls-Royce aircraft piston engines


Rolls-Royce aircraft piston engines

Rolls Royce produced a number of piston engines for aircraft use in the first half of the 20th Century.

In 1915, the Eagle, Falcon, and Hawk engines were developed in response to wartime needs. The Eagle was very successful, especially for bombers. It was scaled down by a factor of 5:4 to make the Falcon or by deleting one bank of its V12 cylinders to make the Hawk. The smaller engines were intended for fighter aircraft. Subsequently it was enlarged to make the Condor which saw use in airships.

The Kestrel was a post-war redesign of the Eagle featuring wet cylinder liners in (two) common cylinder blocks. It was developed into the supercharged Peregrine and later the Goshawk. The Vulture was essentially two Peregrines on a common crankshaft in an X-24 configuration.

The Buzzard was a racing engine of Condor size, developed in its most extreme form into the Rolls-Royce R.

The Rolls-Royce Merlin, and later the development of the Buzzard, the Rolls-Royce Griffon were the two most successful designs for Rolls Royce to serve in the Second World War, the Merlin powering RAF fighters the Hawker Hurricane, Supermarine Spitfire, fighter/bomber de Havilland Mosquito, Lancaster and Halifax heavy bombers and also foreign aircraft such as the American P-51 Mustang and some marks of Kittyhawk.

Experimental engines were developed as alternatives for high performance aircraft such as the H-24 configuration Rolls-Royce Eagle 22, the 2-stroke Rolls-Royce Crecy and the Rolls-Royce Pennine and Rolls-Royce Exe. However the successful development of the Merlin and Griffon, and the introduction of jet engines precluded significant production of these types.

References

* "Rolls-Royce Piston Aero Engines - a designer remembers", A A Rubbra, Rolls-Royce Heritage Trust ISBN 1-872922-00-7
* "Rolls-Royce Aero Engines", Bill Gunston, Patrick Stephens Limited (Haynes Group) ISBN 1-85260-037-3
* "Not Much of an Engineer", Sir Stanley Hooker, Airlife Publishing, ISBN 0-906393-35-3


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rolls-Royce Merlin — Merlin The Rolls Royce Merlin …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce Exe — The Rolls Royce Exe, or Boreas, [This name was dropped due to conflict with the Bristol Aeroplane Company s series of Greek mythology named engines, Lumsden 2003, p.201.] was a 24 cylinder X block sleeve valve aircraft engine intended primarily… …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce Buzzard — The Rolls Royce Buzzard was a British piston aero engine of 36.7 litres capacity generating about 800 hp (600 kW). It had 12 cylinders in a V configuration of 6 inch bore and 6.6 inch stroke. It was manufactured in the late 1920s, but only 100… …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce Vulture — Vulture Constructeur Rolls Royce Limited Premier vol 1939 Utilisation Avro Manchester Hawker Henley Vickers Warwick Caractéristiques Type Moteur à explosion X 24 Composants …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rolls-Royce Eagle (1944) — The Rolls Royce Eagle was a 24 cylinder, sleeve valve, H block aero engine of 46 litre (2,807 cubic inches) displacement. It was designed and built in the late 1940s by Rolls Royce Limited and first ran in 1944. It was liquid cooled, of flat H… …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce Olympus — Olympus Preserved Bristol Siddeley Olympus Mk 301 Engine Change Unit (ECU) complete with ancillaries and bulkheads. Type …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce Gnome — Gnome Rolls Royce Gnome at the Imperial War Museum Duxford Type Turboshaft Manufac …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 — Olympus 593 Preserved Olympus 593 engine at the Imperial War Museum Duxford Type Turbojet …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls-Royce MT30 — MT30 Type Gas turbine National origin United Kingdom Manufacturer Rolls Royce plc First run 2000s Developed from Rolls Royce Trent 800 The Rolls Royce MT30 (Marine Turbine) is a marine …   Wikipedia

  • Rolls Royce Merlin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Merlin Tipo motor aeronáutico V 12 enfriado por líquido Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.