Skua


Skua

Taxobox
name = Skuas


image_caption = "Pomarine Skua"
image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Charadriiformes
familia = Stercorariidae
familia_authority = Gray, 1871
genus = "Stercorarius"
genus_authority = Brisson, 1760
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See Text

Skuas are seabirds in the family Stercorariidae. The three smaller skuas are called jaegers in North America.

The name "skua" comes from Faroese "skúgvur" IPA2|ˈskɪkvʊɹ ("Stercorarius skua"), and the island of Skúvoy is renowned for its colony of that bird. "Jaeger" is derived from the German word "Jäger", meaning "hunter".

Skuas nest on the ground in temperate and Arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

Biology and habits

Outside the breeding season, skuas take fish, offal and carrion. Many are partial kleptoparasites, chasing gulls, terns and other seabirds to steal their catches; the larger species also regularly kill and eat adult birds, up to the size of Great Black-backed Gulls. On the breeding grounds they commonly eat lemmings, and the eggs and young of other birdscite book |editor=Forshaw, Joseph|author= Harrison, Colin J.O.|year=1991|title=Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds|publisher= Merehurst Press|location=London|pages= 109|isbn= 1-85391-186-0] .

They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They have longish bills with a hooked tip, and webbed feet with sharp claws. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. They are strong, acrobatic fliers.

Taxonomy

Skuas are related to gulls, waders, auks and skimmers. In the three smaller species (all Holarctic), breeding adults have the two central tail feathers obviously elongated and at least some adults have white on the underparts and pale yellow on the neck, characteristics that the larger species (all native to the Southern Hemisphere except for the Great Skua) do not share. Therefore the skuas are often split into two genera with only the smaller species retained in "Stercorarius", and the large species placed in "Catharacta". However, there is no genetic basis for this separationFact|date=February 2007. The Pomarine and Great Skuas' mitochondrial DNA (which is inherited from the mother only) is in fact more closely related to each other than it is to either Arctic or Long-tailed Skuas, or to the Southern Hemisphere speciesFact|date=February 2007. Thus, hybridization must have played a considerable role in the evolution of the diversity of Northern Hemisphere skuas.

pecies

* Long-tailed Skua or Long-tailed Jaeger, "Stercorarius longicaudus"
* Arctic Skua or Parasitic Jaeger, "Stercorarius parasiticus"
* Pomarine Skua or Pomarine Jaeger, "Stercorarius pomarinus"
* Chilean Skua, "Stercorarius chilensis"
* South Polar Skua, "Stercorarius maccormicki"
* Brown Skua, "Stercorarius antarctica"
* Great Skua "Stercorarius skua"

References

* Harrison, Peter "Seabirds: An Identification Guide" ISBN 0-7470-1410-8

External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=65 Skua videos] on the Internet Bird Collection


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skua — Sku a, n. [Icel. sk?fr, sk?mr.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any jager gull; especially, the {Megalestris skua}; called also {boatswain}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • skua — skȕa ž <G mn skȗā> DEFINICIJA zool. veliki grabežljivi galeb iz roda Catharacta, obitava uz ledena područja sjevernih i južnih mora ETIMOLOGIJA skand. ← egz. (ferojski) skugvur …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • skua — [skyo͞o′ə] n. [ModL, adapted ( c. 1604) < Faroese skūgver < ON skūfr, tuft, sheaf (akin to SHOP)] 1. a large, brown and white, predatory shorebird (Catharacta skua, family Stercorariidae) found in cold seas 2. Brit. JAEGER (sense 2) …   English World dictionary

  • Skua — Skua, Art der Gattung Raubmeve …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • skua — ● skua nom masculin Oiseau (stercoraire) des îles Kerguelen, aux mœurs de rapace agressif …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Skua —   [färöisch] die, / s, Art der Raubmöwen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Skua — 〈f.; Gen.: , Pl.: s; Zool.〉 Raubmöwenart des Nordatlantiks [Etym.: färöisch] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Skua — die; , s <nach gleichbed. färöisch skūgvur> nordatlantische Raubmöwe (Zool.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • skua — predatory gull, 1670s, from Faeroese skugvur, related to O.N. skufr seagull, tuft, tassel, and possibly to skauf fox s tail …   Etymology dictionary

  • skua — ► NOUN ▪ a large predatory seabird which pursues other birds to make them disgorge fish. ORIGIN Faroese …   English terms dictionary

  • Skua — Grand Labbe Grand labbe ou skua …   Wikipédia en Français