Oswald de Andrade

Oswald de Andrade
Portrait of Oswald de Andrade by Tarsila do Amaral

José Oswald de Andrade Souza (January 11, 1890 – October 22, 1954) was a Brazilian poet and polemicist. He was born and spent most of his life in São Paulo.

Andrade was one of the founders of Brazilian modernism and a member of the Group of Five, along with Mário de Andrade, Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral and Menotti del Picchia. He participated in the Week of Modern Art (Semana de Arte Moderna).

Andrade is best known for his manifesto of Brazilian nationalism, Manifesto Antropófago (Cannibal Manifesto), published in 1928. Its argument is that Brazil's history of "cannibalizing" other cultures is its greatest strength, while playing on the modernists' primitivist interest in cannibalism as an alleged tribal rite. Cannibalism becomes a way for Brazil to assert itself against European postcolonial cultural domination. The Manifesto's iconic line is "Tupi or not Tupi: that is the question." The line is simultaneously a celebration of the Tupi, who had been at times accused of cannibalism (most notoriously by Hans Staden), and an instance of cannibalism: it eats Shakespeare.

Born into a wealthy bourgeois family, Andrade used his money and connections to support numerous modernist artists and projects. He sponsored the publication of several major novels of the period, produced a number of experimental plays, and supported several painters, including Tarsila do Amaral, with whom he had a long affair, and Lasar Segall. His role in the modernist community was made somewhat awkward, however, by his feud with Mário de Andrade, which lasted from 1929 (after Oswald de Andrade published a pseudonymous essay mocking Mário for effeminacy) until Mário de Andrade's untimely death in 1945.

Selected works

  • Manifesto Pau-Brasil (1924)
  • Estrela de absinto (1927)
  • Manifesto Antropófago (1928)
  • Meu Testamento, (1944)
  • A Arcádia e a Inconfidência, (1945))
  • A Crise da Filosofia Messiânica, (1950)
  • Um Aspecto Antropofágico da Cultura Brasileira: O Homem Cordial, (1950)
  • A Marcha das Utopias, (1953)


In Portuguese:

  • Boaventura, Maria Eugenia. A Vanguarda Antropofágica. São Paulo: Ática, 1985.
  • Helena, Lúcia. Totens e tabus da modernidade brasileira: símbolo e alegoria na obra de Oswald de Andrade. Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro. 1985.
  • Justino, Maria José. O Banquete Canibal: A modernidade em Tarsila do Amaral 1886-1973 Curitiba: Editora UFPR, 2002.
  • Nunes, Benedito. Oswald Canibal. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 1979.
  • Nunes, Benedito. A Utopia Antropofágica: A Antropofagia ao alcance de todos. São Paulo: Globo, 1990
  • Netto, Adriano Bitarães. Antropofagia Oswaldiana: Um Receituário Estético e Científico. São Paulo: Annablume, 2004.
  • Morais Junior, Luís Carlos de. O Olho do Ciclope e os Novos Antropófagos: Antropofagia Cinematótica na Literatura Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Quártica Editora, 2009.

In Spanish:

  • Jauregui, Carlos A. Canibalia. Canibalismo, calibanismo, antropofagia cultural y consumo en América Latina. Premio Casa de las Américas. Revised, second edition. Madrid, Spain: Vervuert, ETC: Ensayos de Teoría Cultural 1, 2008. 724 pages.

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oswald de Andrade — (1920) Nombre completo José Oswald de Sousa Andrade Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oswald de Andrade — (* 11. Januar 1890 in São Paulo; † 22. Oktober 1954 ebenda) war ein brasilianischer Schriftsteller und Mitbegründer des brasilianischen Modernismo. Oswald de Andrade war der Lebensgefährte der Künstlerin Tarsila do Amaral und zusammen mit ihr und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oswald de Andrade — Poète, romancier, essayiste et dramaturge brésilien, José Oswald de Souza Andrade, né le 11 janvier 1890 à São Paulo et mort le 22 octobre 1954 dans la même ville, était le fils unique de José Oswald Nogueira de Andrade et d Inês Henriqueta… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Oswald de Andrade Souza — Oswald de Andrade José Oswald de Andrade Souza, né le 11 janvier 1890 et mort le 22 octobre 1954, est un poète brésilien. Il est né et a passé la majeure partie de sa vie à São Paulo, la plus grande ville du Brésil. Il est l un des fondateurs du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrade (disambiguation) — Andrade is primarily a Portuguese and Spanish (Galician) surname. Notable Andrades include the following: António de Andrade, Portuguese priest, the first European to explore Tibet Alberto Andrade, Peruvian politician Billy Andrade, American… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrade — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antonio Freire de Andrade (1580–1634), portugiesischer Jesuit Billy Andrade (* 1964), US amerikanischer Golfer Bruno Andrade (* 1991), brasilianischer Rennfahrer Danilo Gabriel de Andrade (* 1979),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oswald (Vorname) — Oswald ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 4 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrade, Mario (Raul) de (Morais) — (9 oct. 1893, São Paulo, Brasil–25 feb. 1945, São Paulo). Escritor brasileño. Su importancia reside en haber introducido una prosa de tono personal y coloquial. Figura importante en el movimiento modernista, junto con Oswald de Andrade organizó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrade — Andrade, Ignacio Andrade, José Escolástico Andrade, Mário de Andrade, Olegario Víctor * * * (as used in expressions) Andrade, Mario (Raul) de (Morais) Andrade, Oswald de Drummond (de Andrade), Carlos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrade, Oswald de — ▪ Brazilian author in full  José Oswald De Sousa Andrade   born Jan. 11, 1890, São Paulo, Brazil died Oct. 22, 1954, São Paulo       poet, playwright, and novelist, social agitator and revolutionary, one of the leaders of Brazil s Modernist… …   Universalium

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