- Pons Fabricius
The Pons Fabricius (Italian: Ponte Fabricio ("Fabricius' Bridge") or Ponte Quattro Capi) is the oldest bridge in
Romethat is still in use. Built in 62 BC, it spans half of the TiberRiver, from the Campus Martiuson the east side to Tiber Islandin the middle. (The Pons Cestiusis west of the island.) "Quattro Capi" ("four heads") refers to the two marble pillars of the two-faced Janus hermson the parapet, which were moved here from the nearby Church of St. Gregory (Monte Savello) in the 14th century. Claridge, Amanda (1998). "Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide". Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.]
Dio Cassius, the bridge was built in 62 BC, the year after Cicerowas consul, to replace an earlier wooden bridge destroyed by fire. It was commissioned by Lucius Fabricius, the curator of the roads and a member of the gensFabricia of Rome. Completely intact from Roman antiquity, it has been in continuous use ever since.
The Pons Fabricius has a length of 62 m, and is 5.5 m wide. It is constructed from two wide arches, supported by a central pillar in the middle of the stream. Its nucleus is built of blocks operino] . its outer facing today is made of bricks and
An original inscription on the travertine commemorates its builder in elegant Roman capitals, "L . FABRICIVS . C . F . CVR . VIAR | FACIVNDVM . COERAVIT | IDEMQVE | PROBAVIT". It is repeated four times: on each arch, on both sides of the bridge.
A later inscription, in smaller lettering, records that the bridge was later restored under
Pope Innocent XI, probably in 1679.
*cite book|first=Colin|last=O'Connor|title=Roman Bridges|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=1994|id=ISBN 0-521-39326-4
List of Roman bridges
* [http://www.unc.edu/courses/rometech/public/content/transport/Josh_Hargraves/josh2.htm Description of the construction of the bridge]
* [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/PLATOP*/Pons_Fabricius.html LacusCurtius: Pons Fabricius]
* [http://www.iath.virginia.edu/rome/Journal2TaylorNew.pdf The Waters of Rome: Tiber River Bridges and the Development of the Ancient City of Rome]
* [http://www.isolatiberina.it/ Tiber Island information] it icon
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См. также в других словарях:
PONS Fabricius — Ponte Giudeo, quod Hebraei Romaeibi habitent. Ferrar. Baudrand. Ponte de quattro capi hodie dicitur ab omnibus … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Pons Fabricius — 41.89098055555612.4781944444447Koordinaten: 41° 53′ 27,5″ N, 12° 28′ 41,5″ O … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Cestius — (Pons Gratiani) The Pons Cestius in its modern form Official name Ponte Cestio Carries Tiber Island Trastevere … Wikipedia
Pons Aelius — 41.90180833333312.4664194444447Koordinaten: 41° 54′ 6,5″ N, 12° 27′ 59,1″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Cestius — 41.88999166666712.4772527777787Koordinaten: 41° 53′ 24″ N, 12° 28′ 38,1″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Milvius — 41.93550312.4669727Koordinaten: 41° 56′ 7,8″ N, 12° 28′ 1,1″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Aemilius — 41.88931611111112.47953 Koordinaten: 41° 53′ 21,5″ N, 12° 28′ 46,3″ O f1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Augustus — 44.06353112.5637727Koordinaten: 44° 3′ 48,7″ N, 12° 33′ 49,6″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Ingeniosa — 50.0062368.2775767Koordinaten: 50° 0′ 22,4″ N, 8° 16′ 39,3″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pons Probi — 41.8812.4708333333337Koordinaten: 41° 52′ 48″ N, 12° 28′ 15″ Of1 … Deutsch Wikipedia