- William Cabell Rives
William Cabell Rives (
May 4, 1793– April 25, 1868) was an American lawyer, politician and diplomatfrom Albemarle County, Virginia. He represented Virginiaas a Jackson Democrat in both the U.S. House and Senate and also served as the U.S. minister to France.
Rives was born at "Union Hill", the estate of his grandfather, Col. William Cabell, in
Amherst County, Virginia. The estate was located along the James River in what is now Nelson County. His parents were Robert (1764–1845) and Margaret Cabell (c.1770–1815) Rives. His brothers included Alexander Rives. Rives was the great-uncle of Alexander Brown, author of several books on the early history of Virginiaand of "The Cabells and their Kin" (1895). [cite web|url=http://www.lib.virginia.edu/small/collections/cabell/resources/cabellsandtheirkin.html|title=The Cabells and Their Kin By Alexander Brown (1843–1906)|publisher=UVa Special Collections Library|accessmonthday=August 20 |accessyear=2008] After private schooling, William Cabell Rives attended Hampden-Sydney Collegeand then the William and Mary until 1809.
Leaving Williamsburg, he studied law with
Thomas Jeffersonat Monticelloand was admitted to the bar at Richmond in 1814. Rives began his law practice in Nelson County, but in 1819 he married Judith Page Walker (1802–1882) and moved to the estate she had inherited, named "Castle Hill" near Cobham in Albemarle County. (Cobham is about 12 miles east of Charlottesville.) This would remain his home for the rest of his life. Rives political career began when he served in the state constitutional convention in 1816. He served in the Virginia House of Delegatesin 1817–19 for Nelson County, and again in 1822 for Albemarle County. Later in 1822 he was elected to the United States House of Representativesand served from 1823–29. From 1829 to 1832 he was minister to France. His name was brought forward as a candidate for the Democratic vice presidential nomination in 1835, but the nomination by the 1835 Democratic National Conventionultimately went to Richard M. Johnson.
When Rives returned from France, he was elected to complete a term in the
United States Senate. In all he would serve parts of three terms there, the last as a member of the Whig Party. From 1849 to 1853, he was again minister to France.
In February 1861 he was a delegate to the Peace Conference in Washington; he opposed secession, but was loyal to his state when it seceded. He represented the state in the
Provisional Confederate Congressfrom 1861 to 1862 served in the Second Confederate Congressfrom 1864 to 1865 during the Civil War.
Rives died at the country estate of "Castle Hill" in 1868 and is buried in a family plot there. He was the author of several books, the most important being his "Life and Times of James Madison" (3 vols., Boston, 1859–68). He served on the Board of Visitors for the
University of Virginiafrom 1834–1849, and was for many years the president of the Virginia Historical Society.
His son, Alfred Landon Rives was an engineer of some prominence, and his granddaughter Amélie Rives became well known as a novelist, her best known book being "The Quick or the Dead?" (1888).
Notes and references
*CongBio|R000285 | findagrave=10353022
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