Francesco Camilliani


Francesco Camilliani

Francesco Camilliani (1530 Florence - 1586) was a Tuscan sculptor of the Renaissance period. He studied in Florence under Baccio Bandinelli. His son Camillo Camilliani (died 1603) was later a sculptor too, working in Palermo, where he also worked as an architect and held the post as well of "ingegniere del Regno", "engineer to the Kingdom of Sicily".

Camilliani was praised in one of Cosimo Bartoli's "Ragionamenti Accademici"; in the course of a stroll through Florence the interlocutors in Bartoli's dialogue say of one of Camilliani's statues, that, had it been buried and rediscovered, it would have been praised heartily. [James Haar, "Cosimo Bartoli on Music" "Early Music History" 8 (1988:37-79) p. 41.]

Francesco Camilliani's most notable work by far is the Renaissance fountain in the Piazza Pretoria in Palermo, the "Fontana Pretoria". [The fountain and its gestation was the subject of a conference in Palermo, 16 May 2007, published as "Giornata di studi sulla cultura fiorentina e la Fontana Pretoria, alla luce dei nuovi studi documentari".] This piece was originally commissioned for the garden of the villa outside Florence of Luigi Alvarez de Toledo, son of the viceroy Don Pedro Álvarez de Toledo and brother-in-law of Cosimo I de' Medici; it was completed in 1555. Camilliani was aided in the grand project by the "garzoni" of his studio, including the Florentine Michelangelo Naccherino (1550-1622), or Vagherino Fiorentino. In its original site, Giorgio Vasari called it a "most stupendous fountain that has not its peer in Florence or perhaps in Italy." ["Fonte stupendissima che non ha pari in Fiorenza né forse in Italia... ."” ] Under pressure to make economies in his style of living, and perhaps with reservations about the completed fountain's crowd of "ignudi", in January 1573 Don Luigi permitted it to be bought by the Senate of Palermo, through the intervention of his brother Don Garçia, the former viceroy and Governor of Palermo. [ [http://www.regione.sicilia.it/beniculturali/dirbenicult/info/news/immagini25/fontana_pretoria/FONTANA_pretoria.htm "La Fontana Pretoria"] ] It was dismantled into six hundred and forty-four pieces and transported to Palermo, and set up there by Camillo Camilliani, who had to concentrate its elements in the more constricted urban space, and to oversee some additions to render it more suitable for Sicily, which included a "Venus" by Antonio Gagini. [According to Augustus Hare, "Cities of Southern Italy and Sicily" (Ch. xiv:487).] Re-erection at Palermo was complete in 1584. [ [http://www.regione.sicilia.it/beniculturali/dirbenicult/info/news/immagini25/fontana_pretoria/FONTANA_pretoria.htm "La Fontana Pretoria"] ] The sculpture of the fountain depicts fables, monsters, and nymphs all spraying jets of water, which also falls and cascades between them. Once locally known as the "Fontana della Vergogna", the "fountain of shame”, because of the nude statues that stand around the base of each tier, it is one of the few true pieces of High Renaissance art in Palermo.

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Francesco Camilliani — Fontaine Pretoria à Palerme Francesco Camilliani (mort en 1586) est un sculpteur toscan de la Renaissance. Il fit ses études à Florence auprès de Baccio Bandinelli. Parmi les réalisations les plus remarquables de Francesco Camilliani, on compte… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michelangelo Naccherino — Michelangelo Naccherino, eigentlich Michelangelo di Domenico (* 6. März 1550 in Florenz; † Februar 1622 in Neapel), war ein italienischer Bildhauer. Michelangelo Naccherino war einer der bedeutendsten Bildhauer Süditaliens an der Grenze zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naccherino — Michelangelo Naccherino, eigentlich Michelangelo di Domenico (* 6. März 1550 in Florenz; † Februar 1622 in Neapel), war ein italienischer Bildhauer. Michelangelo Naccherino war einer der bedeutendsten Bildhauer Süditaliens an der Grenze zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palermo — Infobox Settlement official name = Comune di Palermo established title = Founded established date = 734 BC nickname = motto = website = http://www.comune.palermo.it image seal size = 100px map caption = Location of the city of Palermo (red dot)… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture baroque sicilienne — Baroque sicilien Illustration n° 1 Église baroque de la Collegiata, sur la Via Etnea à Catane Construite vers 1768 par Stefano Ittar Le baroque sicilien est une forme spécifique d’architecture baroque apparue en Sicile aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baroque Sicilien — Illustration n° 1 Église baroque de la Collegiata, sur la Via Etnea à Catane Construite vers 1768 par Stefano Ittar Le baroque sicilien est une forme spécifique d’architecture baroque apparue en Sicile aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baroque de Sicile — Baroque sicilien Illustration n° 1 Église baroque de la Collegiata, sur la Via Etnea à Catane Construite vers 1768 par Stefano Ittar Le baroque sicilien est une forme spécifique d’architecture baroque apparue en Sicile aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baroque en Sicile — Baroque sicilien Illustration n° 1 Église baroque de la Collegiata, sur la Via Etnea à Catane Construite vers 1768 par Stefano Ittar Le baroque sicilien est une forme spécifique d’architecture baroque apparue en Sicile aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baroque sicilien — Illustration no 1 Église baroque de la Collegiata, sur la Via Etnea à Catane Construite vers 1768 par Stefano Ittar Le baroque sicilien est une forme spécifique d’architecture baroque apparue en Sicile a …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cosimo Bartoli — Cosimo Bartoli, Porträtstich auf dem Frontispiz der Discorsi historici universali . Cosimo Bartoli (* 20. Dezember 1503 in Venedig; † 25. Oktober 1572 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Humanist, Übersetzer, Kunsttheoretiker und Diplomat. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia