- Bombing of Augsburg in World War II
The Bombing of Augsburg in World War II included three raids on 17 April 1942 and 25/26 February 1944.
To test the new
Avro Lancaster,Fact|date=December 2007 the No. 44 Squadron at RAF Waddingtonand the No. 97 Squadron at RAF Woodhall Spatargeted the AugsburgMAN U-boat diesel engine factory on April 17, 1942. 30 Bostons and a large Fighter Command effort were dispatched to targets in Northern France to divert German fighters (1 Boston was lost). Following a week of low-flying practice, 4 of the 12 Lancasters (6 from each squadron) were shot down en route to Augsburg (3 more were shot down near the target). Squadron Leader John Dering Nettletonreturned in a badly damaged aircraft, was awarded the Victoria Cross for his leadership of the raid.cite web|last=|first=|url=http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/apr42.html |title=Campaign Diary|work=Royal Air Force Bomber Command 60th Anniversary|accessdate=2008-07-01|publisher=UK Crown [http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/apr42.html April 1942] [http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/feb44.html February 1944] ] Post-war analysis indicated damage was minor; five of the bombs dropped had failed to explode. 8 machine tools were destroyed out of a total of 2,700, and 5 cranes out of 558. Of the 84 RAF airmen, 37 men died and 12 were taken as prisoners of war.Fact|date=December 2007
In a final
Big Weekmission (#235), the Eighth Air Force bombed the Augsburg Messerschmittworks during the day of 25 February 1944.
References and Notes
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