Sinigrin


Sinigrin
Sinigrin
Identifiers
CAS number 3952-98-5
PubChem 23682211
MeSH Sinigrin
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H16KNO9S2
Molar mass 397.46 g/mol
Exact mass 396.990354
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Sinigrin is a glucosinolate that belongs to the family of glucosides found in some plants of the Brassicaceae family such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) to name but a few. Whenever sinigrin-containing plant tissue is crushed or otherwise damaged, the enzyme myrosinase degrades sinigrin to a mustard oil (allyl isothiocyanate), which is responsible for the pungent taste of mustard and horseradish.[1] Seeds of white mustard, Sinapis alba, will give a much less pungent mustard because this species contains a different glucosinolate, sinalbin.

The chemical name of sinigrin is allylglucosinolate or 2-propenylglucosinlate.

Research carried out at Norwich Research Park, in the east of England, has suggested sinigrin may destroy precancerous cells (apoptosis).[1] Sinigrin has been suggested as a colon cancer prevention if foods containing it are eaten regularly.

See also

References

  1. ^ (French) RICHARD H. Arômes alimentaires PDF Document

External links

  1. ^ "Institute of Food Research". Why your best friend could be a Brassica. http://www.ifr.ac.uk/public/foodinfosheets/brassicas.html. Retrieved 2006-01-21. 



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sinigrin — Sin i*grin, n. [From NL. Sinapis nigra.] (Chem.) A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard ({Brassica nigra}, formerly {Sinapis nigra}) It resembles sinalbin, and consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sinigrīn — Sinigrīn, s. Senföl …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sinigrin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Sinigrin Andere Namen 1 ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sinigrin — Si|ni|g|rin [Kurzw. aus nlat. Sinapis (eigtl. Brassica) nigra = Schwarzer Senf (Bot.) u. ↑ in (3)], das; s; Syn.: Kaliummyronat: ein Glucosinolat, das durch ↑ Myrosinase (Sinigrinase) zu Allylisothiocyanat abgebaut wird. * * * Sinigr …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sinigrin — /sin i grin/, n. Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water soluble solid, KC10H16NO9S2·H2O, found chiefly in the seeds of the black mustard, that deters some insect predators. Also called potassium myronate. [1875 80; < NL Sin(apis n)igr(a) species… …   Universalium

  • sinigrin — noun A toxic glycoside found in many brassicas …   Wiktionary

  • sinigrin — sin·i·grin sin i grin n a crystalline glucoside C10H16KNO9S2 found in the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) from which allyl isothiocyanate is obtained compare MUSTARD OIL (1) * * * sin·i·grin (sinґĭ grin) potassium myronate, a… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinigrin — Si|ni|grin* das; s Kunstw. aus lat. sinapis nigra »schwarzer Senf« u. ↑...in> in dem Samen des Schwarzen Senfs u. in anderen Kreuzblütlern enthaltenes ↑Glykosid, das bei der ↑Hydrolyse in Senföl u. Traubenzucker gespalten wird (Biochem.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • sinigrin — n. potassium myronate, colorless crystalline compound found in black mustard seeds and horseradish root (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sinigrin — sin·i·grin …   English syllables


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