- Operation Paraquet
Operation Paraquet Part of Falklands War Date April 1982 Location South Georgia Result British Victory Belligerents United Kingdom Argentina Commanders and leaders John Fieldhouse Mario Menendez Casualties and losses 2 helicopters crashed 1 killed
1 submarine lostFalklands War campaignArgentine Invasion – South Georgia – Occupation – Paraquet – Black Buck – Belgrano – Sobral – Sheffield – Pebble Island – Mikado – Sutton – San Carlos – Ardent – Seal Cove – Antelope – Atlantic Conveyor – Coventry – Goose Green – Mount Kent – Top Malo House – Bluff Cove – Many Branch Point – Mount Harriet – Two Sisters – Glamorgan – Mount Longdon – Wireless Ridge – Mount Tumbledown – Port Stanley
Operation Paraquet was the code name for the British military operation to recapture the Island of South Georgia from Argentine military control in April 1982 at the start of the Falklands War. The official name "Paraquet" is an alternative spelling of Parakeet, but the operation is perhaps more widely known as Operation Paraquat, an unofficial name adopted by troops in the South Atlantic who feared the operation would prove as lethal to them as the weedkiller Paraquat. This view prompted the exclamation "kill Paraquat before it kills us."
The operation was ordered by Admiral Fieldhouse on 12 April 1982. It was to involve Mountain Troop from D Squadron SAS from Ascension Island, 150 Royal Marines on the tanker Tidespring, 2SBS on HMS Plymouth and 6SBS in the submarine HMS Conqueror. Conqueror was first on the scene and carried out a survey of key areas of the South Georgia coast. The operation was originally supposed to involve both SAS and SBS forces being infiltrated onto South Georgia by helicopters from the Tidespring and Antrim, but the plan had to be changed when the two Wessex helicopters transporting the SAS troops to an ambitious location on the northeast coast crashed in atrocious weather on Fortuna Glacier; the troops and aircrew were rescued by Antrim's Wessex helicopter, the last remaining to the expedition.
On 9 April the submarine ARA Santa Fe left port in Argentina with a detachment of marines on board to reinforce the South Georgia garrison, and arrived safely in Grytviken on 24 April. However, on 25 April the Santa Fe was intercepted while sailing away and disabled by depth charges from Antrim's Wessex helicopter and subsequent attacks by task force Wasp and Lynx helicopters, which fired at least six AS-12 missiles on the submarine. The Santa Fe was forced to limp back to Grytviken.
There followed an immediate assault by an improvised group of Special Forces and Royal Marines, with two Royal Navy vessels (Antrim and Plymouth) conducting a naval bombardment demonstration on the low hills opposite Grytviken. The garrison at Grytviken and the crew of the disabled Santa Fe surrendered to M Company, 42 Commando, Royal Marines, after fifteen minutes at 17.15 GMT, although the garrison at Leith Harbour, under the command of Lieut. Commander Alfredo Astiz, surrendered the following day. Sweden and France requested Astiz extradition to the British authorities after learning about his capture, but his captors rejected the petition.
An Argentine prisoner of war, Navy Petty Officer Felix Artuso, a crewman of the Santa Fe, was mistakenly shot dead on April 26 after a British marine thought he was sabotaging the submarine and is buried at Grytviken Cemetery.
- Be pleased to inform Her Majesty that the White Ensign flies alongside the Union Jack in South Georgia. God save the Queen.
- ^ a b "Sink the Belgrano", Mike Rossiter, 2007, Transworld, London, pp 189-233
- ^ Méndez, Juan E. (1991). Truth and partial justice in Argentina: an update. Human Rights Watch, p. 32. ISBN 0929692918
- ^ Marine killed Argentinian in Falklands war blunder
- ^ Félix Artuso's grave
- ^ R.K. Headland, The Island of South Georgia, Cambridge University Press, 1984, p.250.
- ^ "Remarks on the recapture of South Georgia", Margaret Thatcher Foundation
- ^ Buxton, Cindy; Annie Price (1983). Survival South Atlantic. London :: Granada,. pp. xiii,237p.,p. of plates : ill(some col.), maps,col.ports. ; 26cm.. ISBN 0246120878.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Operation Black Buck — on the map … Wikipedia
Operation Sutton — British Paratroopers at a deployment zone near Port San Carlos Date 21 … Wikipedia
Operation Corporate — was the codename given to the 1982 British military involvement in the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War. The commander of task force operations was Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse. Operations lasted from 1 April 1982 to 20 June 1982.  The … Wikipedia
Operation Algeciras — Map of the Bay of Gibraltar. Operation Algeciras was an ill fated Argentine plan to sabotage a Royal Navy warship in Gibraltar during the Falklands War. The premise being that if the British military felt vulnerable in Europe, they would decide… … Wikipedia
Operation Keyhole — During Operation Corporate in the 1982 Falklands War, Operation Keyhole was a British special operation on Thule Island on the South Sandwich Islands. The Operation took place from 19 20 June 1982. 10 prisoners (one civilian and nine military… … Wikipedia
Operation Mikado — Argentine Navy Dassault Breguet Super Étendard Operation Mikado was the code name of a military plan by the United Kingdom to use Special Air Service troops to attack the home base of Argentina s five Etendard strike fighters at Río Grande,… … Wikipedia
Operación Paraquet — La Operación Paraquet (en inglés: Operation Paraquet) fue el nombre en código por el que el Reino Unido designó durante la Guerra de las Malvinas al conjunto de sus acciones militares para recobrar las islas Georgias del Sur, ocupadas por la… … Wikipedia Español
Activité du Special Air Service durant la guerre des Malouines — Les SAS sont intervenus avec d autres forces spéciales britanniques dans la guerre des Malouines en 1982. Sommaire 1 Préambule 2 Opération Paraquet 3 Reconnaissances 4 … Wikipédia en Français
Le SAS dans la guerre des Malouines — Le Special Air Service dans la guerre des Malouines Les SAS sont intervenus avec d autres forces spéciales britanniques dans la guerre des Malouines en 1982. Sommaire 1 Préambule 2 Opération Paraquet 3 Reconnaissances … Wikipédia en Français
Le Special Air Service dans la guerre des Malouines — Les SAS sont intervenus avec d autres forces spéciales britanniques dans la guerre des Malouines en 1982. Sommaire 1 Préambule 2 Opération Paraquet 3 Reconnaissances … Wikipédia en Français