Wildlife totemization


Wildlife totemization

Wildlife Totemization is defined as:“having a system of beliefs in which humans have mystical, emotional, reverential, and/or genealogical relationships with a totem; a natural object such as a plant or animal�? (Hamazaki and Tanno, 2002)

Purpose

It is a theory which seeks to explain why some wildlife management programs are particularly controversial. The general hypothesis is similar to wildlife symbolism, in that both theories state that in certain circumstances humans will imbue characteristics into a species of wildlife, not necessarily inherent in those species themselves.

Characteristics

Characteristics of totemization include:
* viewing the totem as a companion, a protector, or a progenitor
* Assimilating oneself to the totem
* Prohibiting the killing or eating of the totem
* A high degree of antipathy towards those who destroy the totem

ources

* Hamazaki, T, Tanno, D. (2002). Totemization of wildlife and NIMBY among U.S. college students. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 7, 107-121.
* Kalland, A. (1993). Management by totemization: Whale symbolism and the anti-whaling campaign. Arctic 46(2), 124-133.
* Nimmo, D. G., Miller, K., & Adams, R. (2007). Managing feral horses in Victoria: A study of community attitudes and perceptions. Ecological Management & Restoration 8 (3) , 237–243


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Animism — (from Latin anima soul, life )[1][2] refers to the belief that non human entities are spiritual beings, or at least embody some kind of life principle.[3] Animism encompasses the beliefs that there is no separation between the spiritual and… …   Wikipedia

  • Nature worship — is a vague term used to describe a diverse variety of religious, spiritual and devotional practices found in a broad spectrum of spiritual traditions. While the term can sometimes have pejorative connotations, it can be an accurate description… …   Wikipedia