- Ulster Independence Movement
The Ulster Independence Movement was an Ulster nationalist
political partyfounded (as the Ulster Independence Committee) on 17th November 1988. [ [http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/images/symbols/flags.htm Flags Used in Northern Ireland] ] The group emerged from the Ulster Clubs, after a series of 15 public meetings across Northern Ireland. Led by Hugh Ross, a Presbyterian minister from Dungannon, County Tyrone, the UIC sought to end what it saw as the tyranny of rule from Londonand Dublinand instead set up an independent Northern Ireland.
The UIC initially had a network of 11 branches and first entered the political arena in 1990 when Ross stood in a by-election for the Upper Bann constituency following the death of sitting MP
Harold McCusker. Finishing as fourth out of eleven candidates with 1534 votes (4.3%) (and ahead of the Alliance Party of Northern Irelandcandidate amongst others), the result indicated to the UIC that the potential for an Ulster nationalist party to gain some success was present.
The Committee reconstituted itself in 1994 as a full political party (largely as a reaction to the
Downing Street Declaration), changing its name to the UIM and putting forward Rev. Ross as a candidate in the 1994 elections to the European Parliament (one of three pro-independence candidates to stand). Ross proved the most successful of the three, gaining 7,858 first preference votes (a 1.4% share) and retained his deposit. In the aftermath of this election a general meeting of pro-independence groups and individuals was organised by Rev Ross after overtures were sent out to David Kerr, Robert Mooney (the other two Ulster nationalist candidates in the European election) and the Ballymena-based Ulster Party. Mooney did not turn up but Kerr and Agnes McLeister of the Ulster Party [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/lgballymena.htm Ballymena Borough Council Elections 1993-2005] ] agreed to pool resources and join forces with Ross's movement.
1996 Forum election
Buoyed by the relative success of the previous election and the influx of new affiliates the UIM put up 40 candidates in 18 seats in the
Northern Ireland Forumelections of 1996, representing its most high profile election campaign. [ [http://www.ulsternation.org.uk/Forum%20election%20analysis.htm The 'Peace Forum' election: a report] ] With every seat contested as well as the regional list (which was headed by Ross) [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96cands.htm The 1996 Forum Elections: Regional List of Candidates] ] Kerr was placed as a candidate in North Belfast [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96nb.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in North Belfast] ] with McLeister in North Antrim [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96na.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in North Antrim] ] , whilst other candidates who had or would go on to have a higher profile included Willie Frazerin Newry and Armagh [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96nanda.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in Newry and Armagh] ] (who subsequently organized Families Acting for Innocent Relativesand Love Ulster) and Clifford Peeples in West Belfast [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96wb.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in West Belfast] ] (a pastor who was later jailed for terrorist related offences [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/1209673.stm Self-styled loyalist pastor jailed] from bbc.co.uk] ).
Despite this higher profile campaign the UIM's vote dropped as loyalist communities were now represented by the
Ulster Democratic Partyand Progressive Unionist Party. Alongside this the party was still not the only Ulster nationalist option, however, as they finished behind Ulster's Independent Voice in North Belfast [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96nb.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in North Belfast] ] and Strangford [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96str.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in Strangford] ] , whilst beating them in West Belfast [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96wb.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in West Belfast] ] and tying exactly with them in North Down. [ [http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/96nd.htm 1996 Forum Elections: Candidates in North Down] ] The UIM polled 2125 votes (0.3%) across Northern Ireland and no representation was secured.
Party activity continued after the signing of the
Belfast Agreement, with the UIM playing a role in the unsuccessful 'No' campaign against it. The party fielded two candidates in the Northern Ireland Assemblyof 1998 but failed to win either seat. Seeing their chances becoming increasingly diminished the UIM formally abandoned their role as a political party in January 2000 and instead reconstituted as a ' ginger group'. [ [http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/organ/uorgan.htm Abstracts on Organisations - 'U'] from Conflict Archive on the Internet] This came in the wake of a Channel 4programme, "The Committee", since discreditedFact|date=March 2007, which alleged links between the UIM and loyalist killings, allegations that damaged their credibility and saw a number of members leave the group.
The UIM is all but dead now, even as a think tank, although some of its former members have continued as members of the
Ulster Third Way.
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