- Mehmed V
Mehmed V Ottoman Sultan and Caliph (full titles) Reign 27 April 1909 – 3 July 1918 Sword girding 10 May 1909 Predecessor Abdülhamid II Successor Mehmed VI Grand Viziers Ahmed Tevfik Pasha
Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha
İbrahim Hakkı Pasha
Küçük Mehmet Sait Pasha
Ahmed Muhtar Pasha
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil Pasha
Mahmud Shevket Pasha
Said Halim Pasha
Issue Prince Mehmed Ziyaeddin
Prince Mehmed Necmeddin
Prince Ömer Hilmi
Princess Refia Sultana
Dynasty Ottoman Father Abdülmecid I Mother Gülcemal Sultan Born 2 November 1844
Topkapı Palace, Constantinople(present day Istanbul)
Died 3 July 1918(aged 73)
Yıldız Palace, Constantinople(present day Istanbul)
Signature Religion Sunni Islam
Mehmed V Reshad (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Turkish: Mehmed V Reşad or Reşat Mehmet) (2/3 November 1844 – 3/4 July 1918) was the 35th Ottoman Sultan. He was the son of Sultan Abdülmecid I. He was succeeded by his half-brother Mehmed VI.
He was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople. Like many other potential heirs to the throne, he was confined for 30 years in the Harems of the palace. For nine of those years he was in solitary confinement. During this time he studied poetry of the old Persian style and was an acclaimed poet. On his ninth birthday he was ceremoniously circumcised in the special Circumcision Room (Sünnet Odasi) of Topkapı Palace.
His reign began on 27 April 1909 but he was largely a figurehead with no real political power. Mehmed V's only significant political act was to formally declare Jihad against the Allies on 11 November 1914. This was the last genuine proclamation of Jihad in history by a Caliph, as the Caliphate lasted until 1924. The proclamation had no noticeable effect on the war, despite the fact that many Muslims lived in Ottoman territories. The Arabs eventually joined the British forces against the Ottomans with the Arab Revolt in 1916.
Mehmed V hosted Kaiser Wilhelm II, his World War I ally, in Constantinople on 15 October 1917. He was made Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia on 27 January 1916 and of the Empire of Germany on 1 February 1916.
Mehmed V died at Yıldız Palace on 3 July 1918 at the age of 73, only four months before the end of World War I. Thus, he did not live to see the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. He spent most of his life at the Dolmabahçe Palace and Yıldız Palace in Constantinople. His grave is in the historic Eyüp district of the city.
Marriages and children
He married firstly at Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 30 September 1872 to Azerbaijani HH Kümures Baş Kadın Efendi (Ganja, 5 March 1855 - Kuruçeşme, 30 April 1921), and had one child.
He married secondly at Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 10 October 1876 and divorced in 1887 Georgian HH Dürrüdem Kadım Efendi (Kars, 16 May 1860 - 17 October 1909), and had one child.
He married thirdly at Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 4 April 1887 to HH Mihrengis Haseki Kadın Efendi (Adapazarı, 15 October 1869 - Alexandria, 12 December 1938 and buried in Cairo), a concubine who took the place of the second wife, and had two children.
He also married HH Nazperver Kadın Efendi without issue, and married HH Dilfirib Kadın Efendi without issue.
ReferencesMehmed VBorn: November 2, 1844 Died: July 3, 1918
Regnal titles Preceded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Apr 27, 1909 - Jul 3, 1918
Sunni Islam titles Preceded by
Abdul Hamid II
Caliph of Islam
Apr 27, 1909 - Jul 3, 1918
Ottoman Sultans / CaliphsOsman I · Orhan · Murad I · Bayezid I · Interregnum · Mehmed I · Murad II · Mehmed II · Murad II · Mehmed II · Bayezid II · Selim I · Suleiman I · Selim II · Murad III · Mehmed III · Ahmed I · Mustafa I · Osman II · Mustafa I · Murad IV · Ibrahim · Mehmed IV · Suleiman II · Ahmed II · Mustafa II · Ahmed III · Mahmud I · Osman III · Mustafa III · Abdülhamid I · Selim III · Mustafa IV · Mahmud II · Abdülmecid I · Abdülaziz · Murad V · Abdülhamid II · Mehmed V · Mehmed VI · Abdülmecid II (Caliph)Related Templates: Claimants · Valide Sultans
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