Mustafa III


Mustafa III
Osmanli-nisani.svg    Mustafa III
Ottoman Sultan
Caliph
Tughra of Mustafa III.JPG
Reign October 30, 1757–January 21, 1774
Period Stagnation of the Ottoman Empire
Full Name Mustafa III
Predecessor Osman III
Successor Abdülhamid I
Royal House House of Osman
Dynasty Ottoman Dynasty

Mustafa III (Ottoman Turkish: مصطفى ثالث Muṣṭafā-yi sālis) (January 28/18, 1717 – January 21, 1774) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774. He was a son of Sultan Ahmed III (1703–30) and was succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid I (1774–89). He was born in Edirne. His mother was Âminā Mihr-î-Mâh Sultan.

An energetic and perceptive ruler, Mustafa III sought to modernize the army and the internal state machinery to bring his empire in line with the Powers of Europe.

Unfortunately the Ottoman state had declined so far that any general attempts at modernization were but a drop in the ocean, while any major plans to change the administrative status quo immediately roused the conservative Janissaries and imams to the point of rebellion. Mustafa III did secure the services of foreign generals to initiate a reform of the infantry and artillery. The Sultan also ordered the founding of Academies for Mathematics, Navigation and the Sciences.

Well aware of his own military weakness, Mustafa III assiduously avoided war and was powerless to prevent the annexation of the Crimea by Catherine II of Russia (1762–96). However this action, combined with further Russian aggression in Poland compelled Mustafa III to declare war on Russia shortly before his death.

He died at Topkapi Palace, Constantinople.

Mustafa married Valide Sultan Mihrişah (Mihr-i shah, originally from Genoa), and had two sons: Selim, son of Mihrişah (Mihr-i shah) and Mohammed. He also had five daughters, among them Hatice Sultan.

Mustafa III in his royal robes.

External links

Mustafa III
Born: January 28, 1717 Died: January 21, 1774[aged 57]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Osman III
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Oct 30, 1757 - Jan 21, 1774
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid I
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Osman III
Caliph of Islam
Oct 30, 1757 - Jan 21, 1774
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid I

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mustafa III — (28 janvier 1717 21 janvier 1774) fut le sultan de l Empire ottoman de 1757 à 1774. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mustafa III — Mustafa III. Mustafa III (28 de enero de 1717 –21 de enero de 1774) fue sultán del Imperio otomano desde 1757 hasta 1774. Era el hijo del sultán Ahmed III y le sucedió su hermano Abd ul Hamid I en 1774. Como gobernante enérgico y perspicaz que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mustafa III — (28 de enero de 1717 –21 de enero de 1774) fue sultán del Imperio Otomano desde 1757 hasta 1774. Era el hijo del sultán Ahmed III y le sucedió su hermano Abd ul Hamid I en 1774. Como gobernante enérgico y perspicaz que fue, Mustafa procuró… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mustafa III. — Sultan Mustafa III. Mustafa III. (* 28. Januar 1717; † 21. Januar 1774) war von 1757 bis 1774 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er war ein Sohn von Ahmed III. Er war ein energischer Herrscher, der versuchte, die Armee und den Staat zu modernisieren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mustafa III — ▪ Ottoman sultan born January 28, 1717, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died January 21, 1774, Constantinople  Ottoman sultan (1757–74) who attempted governmental and military reforms to halt the empire s decline and who… …   Universalium

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