Osman III


Osman III
Osmanli-nisani.svg    Osman III
Ottoman Sultan
Caliph
Tughra of Osman III.JPG
Reign December 13, 1754–October 30, 1757
Period Stagnation of the Ottoman Empire
Full Name Osman III
Predecessor Mahmud I
Successor Mustafa III
Royal House House of Osman
Dynasty Ottoman Dynasty

Osman III or Othman III[1] (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان ثالث ‘Osmān-i sālis) (January 2/3, 1699  – January 30/October 30, 1757) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.[2]

Biography

The younger brother of Mahmud I (1730–54) and son of Mustafa II (1695–1703) and Valide Sultan Şehsuvar Sultan, he was born at Edirne Palace.

His brief reign saw the rising intolerance of non-Muslims (Christians and Jews being required to wear distinctive clothes or badges) and for a fire in Constantinople.[3][4] His mother was Şehsuvar Sultan, a Serbian valide sultan.[citation needed]

Audience of French ambassador Charles de Vergennes with Sultan Osman III in 1755.

Osman III lived most of his life as a prisoner in the Palace, and so upon becoming Sultan he had some behavioral peculiarities. Unlike previous Sultans, he hated music, and sent all musicians out of the palace. Also living in the "kafes", the palace prison in the "harem" which was the part of the palace containing women's quarters, he grew a dislike for women's companionship. Therefore he would wear iron shoes in order to not cross paths with any women, and by wearing such shoes they could hear him approach and disperse. He died at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople. He married Layla, without issue.

References

  1. ^ Rosse; J. Willoughby Rosse, John Blair (1859). An Index of Dates: Comprehending the Principal Facts in the Chronology and History of the World, from the Earliest to the Present Time. Original from Harvard University: H. G. Bohn. pp. 654. http://books.google.com/books?id=f_EMAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA652&dq=%22Othman+III%22&client=firefox-a#PPA654,M1. Text not available
  2. ^ Constable and co, ltd (1829). Constable's miscellany of original and selected publications, CHAPTER XV OTHMAN III TWENTY FIFTH REIGN H 1168 A.D. 1754. Original from Oxford University: Constable and co, ltd. pp. 260. http://books.google.com/books?id=fs8DAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA1-PA260&dq=%22Othman+III%22&client=firefox-a#PRA1-PA260,M1. 
  3. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire...
  4. ^ Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930.


Osman III
Born: January 2, 1699 Died: October 30, 1757[aged 58]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Dec 13, 1754 - Oct 30, 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Caliph of Islam
Dec 13, 1754 - Oct 30, 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III