- Osman III
Osman III Ottoman Sultan Caliph Reign December 13, 1754–October 30, 1757 Period Stagnation of the Ottoman Empire Full Name Osman III Predecessor Mahmud I Successor Mustafa III Royal House House of Osman Dynasty Ottoman Dynasty
His brief reign saw the rising intolerance of non-Muslims (Christians and Jews being required to wear distinctive clothes or badges) and for a fire in Constantinople. His mother was Şehsuvar Sultan, a Serbian valide sultan.
Osman III lived most of his life as a prisoner in the Palace, and so upon becoming Sultan he had some behavioral peculiarities. Unlike previous Sultans, he hated music, and sent all musicians out of the palace. Also living in the "kafes", the palace prison in the "harem" which was the part of the palace containing women's quarters, he grew a dislike for women's companionship. Therefore he would wear iron shoes in order to not cross paths with any women, and by wearing such shoes they could hear him approach and disperse. He died at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople. He married Layla, without issue.
Osman IIIBorn: January 2, 1699 Died: October 30, 1757[aged 58]
- ^ Rosse; J. Willoughby Rosse, John Blair (1859). An Index of Dates: Comprehending the Principal Facts in the Chronology and History of the World, from the Earliest to the Present Time. Original from Harvard University: H. G. Bohn. pp. 654. http://books.google.com/books?id=f_EMAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA652&dq=%22Othman+III%22&client=firefox-a#PPA654,M1. Text not available
- ^ Constable and co, ltd (1829). Constable's miscellany of original and selected publications, CHAPTER XV OTHMAN III TWENTY FIFTH REIGN H 1168 A.D. 1754. Original from Oxford University: Constable and co, ltd. pp. 260. http://books.google.com/books?id=fs8DAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA1-PA260&dq=%22Othman+III%22&client=firefox-a#PRA1-PA260,M1.
- ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire...
- ^ Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930.
Regnal titles Preceded by
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Dec 13, 1754 - Oct 30, 1757
Sunni Islam titles Preceded by
Caliph of Islam
Dec 13, 1754 - Oct 30, 1757
Ottoman Sultans / Caliphs Dynasty · Family tree (detailed) · Family tree (simplified) · Line of successionOsman I · Orhan · Murad I · Bayezid I · Interregnum · Mehmed I · Murad II · Mehmed II · Murad II · Mehmed II · Bayezid II · Selim I · Suleiman I · Selim II · Murad III · Mehmed III · Ahmed I · Mustafa I · Osman II · Mustafa I · Murad IV · Ibrahim · Mehmed IV · Suleiman II · Ahmed II · Mustafa II · Ahmed III · Mahmud I · Osman III · Mustafa III · Abdülhamid I · Selim III · Mustafa IV · Mahmud II · Abdülmecid I · Abdülaziz · Murad V · Abdülhamid II · Mehmed V · Mehmed VI · Abdülmecid II (Caliph) Related Templates: Claimants · Valide Sultans This biography of a member of a Middle Eastern royal house is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This Ottoman Empire-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.