- The Mall (London)
The Mall (IPAEng|ˈmæl) in
Londonis the road running from " Buckingham Palace" at its western end to Admiralty Archand on to Trafalgar Squareat its eastern end, where it crosses Spring Gardens, which was where the Metropolitan Board of Worksand, for a number of years, the London County Councilwas based. It is closed to traffic on Sundays and public holidays, and on ceremonial occasions.
The Queen Victoria Memorial is immediately before the gates of the Palace, whilst
Admiralty Archat the far end leads into the square. St. James's Parkis on the south side of the Mall, opposite Green Parkand St. James's Palace, on the north. Running off the Mall at its eastern end is the Horse Guards Parade, where the ceremony of Trooping the Colouroccurs.
The Mall was created as a ceremonial route in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, matching the creation of similar ceremonial routes in other cities, such as
Washington, D.C., Paris, Berlin, Mexico City, Vienna, St. Petersburgand Oslo. These routes were intended to be used for major national ceremonies in the era of the nation state. As part of the development (designed by Sir Aston Webb), a new façade was constructed for Buckingham Palace, and the Victoria Memorial was erected. Also, it is an urban myththat in the event of an emergency or catastrophic event that might endanger the Monarch and senior members of the government, the Mall can quickly be converted into a make-shift runway.
state visits to the United Kingdom, the monarch and the visiting head of state are escorted in a state carriage up the Mall and the street is decorated with Union Flags and the flags of the visiting head of state's country. During the Golden Jubileeceremonies of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002, over one million people packed the Mall to watch the public displays and the appearance of the British Royal Familyon the palace balcony.
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