- Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
:"For other people known as Henry, Prince of Wales see
Henry, Prince of Wales".Infobox British Royalty|royal
name = Prince Henry Frederick
title = Prince of Wales; Duke of Rothesay
imgw = 160
titles = The Prince of Wales
The Duke of Cornwall
The Duke of Rothesay
royal house =
House of Stuart
father = James VI of Scots, I of England
Anne of Denmark
date of birth =
19 February 1594
place of birth =
Stirling Castle, Scotland
date of death = Death date and age|1612|11|6|1594|2|19|df=yes
place of burial =
Westminster Abbey, London|
Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (
19 February 1594– 6 November 1612) was the eldest son of James VI of Scots, I of England and Anne of Denmark. His name comes from grandfathers Henry Stuart, Lord Darnleyand Frederick II of Denmark.
Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's throne. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of
Typhoid Fever. Susequently, the heirship to the English and Scottish thrones passed to his younger brother Charles.
Many places in the
Colony of Virginiawere named in honor of Prince Henry before and after his death.
He was born at
Stirling Castleand became Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Islesand Prince and Great Steward of Scotlandautomatically on his birth. His tutor until he went to England was Sir George Lauder of The Bass, a Privy Counsellor- described as the King's "familiar councillor" [ " The BassRock in History" in "Transactions of the East LothianAntiquarian and Field Naturalists' Society", vol. 5, 1948: 55] - and he was also tutored in music by Alfonso Ferrabosco the younger.
Prince of Wales
Following his father's accession to the throne of England in 1603, he became automatically
Duke of Cornwall, and was invested Prince of Walesand Earl of Chesterin 1610, thus uniting the six automatic and two traditional Scottish and English titles held by heirs-apparent to the throne(s) ever since that date.
Later life, early death, consequences
A a young a man, Henry showed great promise and was bginning to be active in leadership matters. Among his activities, he was responsible for the reassignment of Sir
Thomas Daleto the Virginia Company of London's struggling colony in North America. However, he died from typhoid feverat the age of 18. (The diagnosis can be made with reasonable certainty from written records of the post-mortem examination.) Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey. Prince Henry's death was widely regarded as a tragedy for the nation, some may consider prophetic.
Upon his death, all of Henry's automatic titles passed to his younger brother, Charles, who, until then, had lived in Henry's shadow – Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Carrick four years later. Charles was not as well-regarded as Henry had been, and after he assumed the throne following the death of his father in 1625 as King Charles I, his reign was marked by controversies, most notably conflicts with the English
Parliament. Following several years of the English Civil War, he was tried and convicted of treason and was beheaded in 1649.
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1= 1. Henry Frederik
James I of England
Anne of Denmark
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
5= 5. Mary I, Queen of Scots
Frederick II of Denmark
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
James V of Scotland
Marie de Guise
Christian III of Denmark
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Ulrich III of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Elizabeth of Denmark
John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
17=17. Elizabeth Stewart
Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
James IV of Scotland
21=21. = 19. Margaret Tudor
Claude, Duke of Guise
Antoinette de Bourbon
Frederick I of Denmark
Anna of Brandenburg
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
27=27. Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Albert VII, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
29=29. Anna of Brandenburg
Frederick I of Denmark
Sophie of Pomerania
Both Prince Henry's Grammar School in
Otley, West Yorkshire, and Prince Henry's High Schoolin Evesham, Worcestershirein Englandare named after him.
The developments in North America were at an important stage as Henry grew up. In the southern portion of the Colony of Virginia, a part which became now the
Commonwealth of Virginiain the United States after the American Revolutionary Warsome years later, three important locations were named in his honor: Cape Henry, Henricus, and Henrico:
Cape Henryis located the southern point where the Chesapeake Baymeets the Atlantic Ocean. It was named on April 26, 1607by the expedition led by Christopher Newportwhich established Jamestown on May 14. The Cape Henry Memorialand two historic lighthouses are now located in the City of Virginia Beach adjacent to First Landing State Park.
Thomas Dalewas recruited for the Virginia Colony through efforts of Prince Henry, a response to management and discipline problems with the earliest colonists. He became the High Marshall of Virginia, effectively the colony's highest ranking law enforcement officer. Dale was discouraged by unhealthy conditions at Jamestown's location, and sought a better site as a potential improved replacement for Jamestown. His progressive but ill-fated Henricus(named for Prince Henry) was established in 1612. Henricus became the major point of Henrico Cittie (sic) in 1619. It was destroyed during the Indian Massacre of 1622. The long-lost site of Henricus was rediscovered in the late 20th century, and was by then located in Chesterfield County, which itself was established in 1749. Henricus is now part of a historical park.
*Present-day Henrico County was established by order of his younger brother, King Charles I, in 1634 as one of the original eight
shires of Virginia. It is located adjacent to the state capital city of Richmond, which was Henrico's county seatfor several hundred years, and became separate from it as an independent city in 1871. In the 21st century, Henrico remains extant in its original (county) political form and is regarded as one of the best-managed counties in the United States. In 1992 and again in 1993, "City and State" magazine ranked Henrico County as the second best fiscally managed county in the United States. [ [http://dickglover.com/economic.php Dick Glover - Economic Development ] ]
Titles, styles, honours and arms
19 February 1594– 6 November 1612: The Duke of Rothesay (Earl of Carrick, Lord of the Isles)
24 March 1603– 6 November 1612: The Duke of Cornwall
4 June 1610[http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/theprinceofwales/abouttheprince/previousprincesofwales/index.html The Prince of Wales – Previous Princes of Wales] ] – 6 November 1612: The Prince of Wales (Earl of Chester)
*KG: Knight of the Garter, "
14 June 1603– 6 November 1612"
As Prince of Wales, Henry Frederick bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "label argent of three points". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family]
Roy Strong- "Henry, Prince of Wales and England's Lost Renaissance" (Pimlico, 2000)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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